Politics desperately needs hope, so why does it no longer inspire it?

For some philosophers, hope is a second-rate way of relating to reality.

In the late 2000s and early 2010s, the word 'hope' was ubiquitous in Western politics.
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Is it time to decriminalize prostitution? Two New York bills answer yes in unique ways

One bill hopes to repeal the crime of selling sex and expand social services; the other would legalize the entire sex trade.

Credit: Chandan Khanna/Getty Images
  • Today in the majority of the United States, it is a crime to sell sex, buy it, or promote its sale.
  • The Sex Trade Survivors Justice & Equality Act would decriminalize prostitution in New York state while maintaining punitive measures against buyers and pimps.
  • Opponents suggest this law would only push the illegal sex trade further underground and seek full decriminalization for everyone involved.
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    A normal tourist map, "but everything is negative"

    'Critical Tourist Map of Oslo' offers uniquely dark perspective on Norway's capital.

    Credit: Markus Moestue
    • Your standard tourist map is irrepressibly positive about its location—but not this one.
    • Norwegian activist/artist Markus Moestue reveals the dark and shameful sides of Oslo.
    • He hopes his 'Critical Tourist Map' will inspire others to reveal the dark side of their cities.
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    One century ago, women's suffrage swept America

    In this 1915 map, Lady Liberty shines her light in the West on women in the East, still in electoral darkness

    Image: Library of Congress, public domain
    • One century ago, the main electoral issue moving public opinion was women's suffrage.
    • This 1915 map shows how votes for women were won in the West, and yearned for in the East.
    • In 1920, the 19th Amendment granted 26 million women the vote, just in time for that year's presidential elections.
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    What stops people from changing their minds?

    A persistent barrage of information is not the best method for getting through to someone with a different point of view.

    • When you want someone to see things differently and to abandon their previous stance, sometimes persistence is not key.
    • "Too often we think change is about pushing," says Jonah Berger, author of the book The Catalyst: How to Change Anyone's Mind, and a marketing professor at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania. "We think if we just come up with one more way people will eventually come around."
    • Through speaking with people who have successfully changed minds of others, Berger identified five common barriers and created the REDUCE framework for finding the catalysts needed to break through: reactants, endowment, distance, uncertainty, and corroborating evidence.
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