Stop prescribing advice and start helping people come up with their own solutions.
When should you censor yourself, and when should you speak up? Emily Chamlee-Wright explains moral philosopher Adam Smith's 'impartial spectator'.
- 18th-century moral philosopher Adam Smith argued that you could measure the appropriateness of your words and actions by satisfying an imaginary judge he called the impartial spectator.
- Switching perspectives to listen to that impartial spectator is a difficult skill as it requires self-command to triumph over self-love. Wise people imagine the spectator's response and use it to help steer productive discourse – especially in difficult and chaotic debates.
- Self-command is an intellectual virtue. It's a thinking tool that helps us know when to self-censor and when to speak up in the interest of civil discourse and truth seeking.
Rote memorization doesn't cut it for theoretical physicist Michio Kaku. Here's why.
- What is the greatest destroyer of young scientists? Junior high school, avers physicist Michio Kaku.
- Why? Because it's during this time when science is reduced to memorization of things that are "totally irrelevant," such as the parts of a flower.
- Kaku believes all this memorizing detracts from the moving force of science, which is discussing principles and concepts.
A sobering look at the prospects for kids not wealthy enough to fail upward.
- A study by Georgetown's Center on Education and the Workforce demonstrates how much easier it is for upper-class children to attain successful adulthoods.
- Test scores tend to drop for even the smartest kids from the lower economic percentiles.
- By following kids through their education with support, the odds can be evened-out.
Nontraditional education options are on the rise.
- U.S. college enrollment has declined for the eighth consecutive year.
- Recent survey found that a majority of freelancers found skills training to be more important than having a degree.
- It's becoming harder for universities to keep up with a rapidly changing workforce.
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