The incredible story of a scientist who survived gulags, fighting to change his country and physics.
- Physicist Yuri Orlov fought for human rights during the Cold War.
- He was arrested by the KGB and exiled to Siberia.
- Orlov's story can inspire scientists to fight for their beliefs.
Electrons show chemists how to see more with less.
- X-ray crystallography allows scientists to accurately map molecular structures, but the process is slow thanks to the need to grow sufficiently sized crystals.
- Two independent research teams have discovered a way to use electron diffraction to accurately map molecular structures with incredibly small samples.
- The results of their research have been published in both Angwandte Chemie and ChemRxiv.
Famous physicists like Richard Feynman think 137 holds the answers to the Universe.
- The fine structure constant has mystified scientists since the 1800s.
- The number 1/137 might hold the clues to the Grand Unified Theory.
- Relativity, electromagnetism and quantum mechanics are unified by the number.
Lederman helped promote the importance of particle physics to the general public and his research laid the groundwork for the Standard Model.
- Lederman won the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering a second type of neutrino.
- He coined the nickname 'God particle' for the Higgs boson in his 1993 bestseller The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question?
- In 2015, Lederman and his family sold his Nobel Prize to pay for medical bills resulting from dementia.
The field they work in is quite cutting edge.
- "Directed" evolution is a kind of coaxing, and speeding up of, evolution itself.
- The committee referred to the work of all three as "The foundation for a revolution in chemistry."
- Frances H. Arnold is the fifth woman to win the prize in chemistry in its 117-year history.
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