If machines develop consciousness, or if we manage to give it to them, the human-robot dynamic will forever be different.
- Does AI—and, more specifically, conscious AI—deserve moral rights? In this thought exploration, evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins, ethics and tech professor Joanna Bryson, philosopher and cognitive scientist Susan Schneider, physicist Max Tegmark, philosopher Peter Singer, and bioethicist Glenn Cohen all weigh in on the question of AI rights.
- Given the grave tragedy of slavery throughout human history, philosophers and technologists must answer this question ahead of technological development to avoid humanity creating a slave class of conscious beings.
- One potential safeguard against that? Regulation. Once we define the context in which AI requires rights, the simplest solution may be to not build that thing.
8 powerful voices share what it's like to be black in America, and why white people must break the racist status quo.
- Black communities have been telling the nation, for more than a century, that they have been targeted, beaten, falsely accused and killed by the police and other institutions meant to protect them.
- They have not been believed until recently, when the rise in camera phones and social media finally enabled them show and disseminate proof.
- Even after the video of George Floyd's death on May 25, 2020, there remains defensiveness and denial among white Americans and institutions—a defensiveness that prevents change to the root of the problem: systemic racism. In this video, eight powerful voices share perspectives on being black in America, and why white inaction and white politeness must end.
A song many consider the black national anthem rises again in the United States.
- Written as a poem by James Weldon Johnson around 1900, "Lift Every Voice and Sing" tells a haunting story of spiritual survival.
- The hymn is considered by many to be the black national anthem and has seen a resurgence lately in popular culture.
- Music has a way of helping us feel others' story.
A memory remembered<blockquote class="twitter-tweet"><p lang="en" dir="ltr">Life began when i heard Beyonce's Lift Every Voice and Sing <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Beychella?src=hash&ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Beychella</a> <a href="https://t.co/MG3RBTEChh">pic.twitter.com/MG3RBTEChh</a></p>— Reese Waters (@reesewaters) <a href="https://twitter.com/reesewaters/status/985689398724431878?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">April 16, 2018</a></blockquote> <script async src="https://platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>The contemporary re-emergence of "Lift Every Voice and Sing" arguably began when Beyoncé sang its opening lines as she took the stage at the Coachella festival, a watershed moment <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/arts-and-entertainment/wp/2018/04/15/beyonces-coachella-performance-wasnt-just-pure-musical-entertainment-it-was-a-historic-cultural-moment/" target="_blank">in and of itself</a>. The first black woman to headline the festival, the singer delivered a dazzling knockout performance that was dedicated to historically black colleges. When Beyoncé sings a song it gets heard, and this performance helped bring "Lift Every Voice and Sing" straight onto America's playlist.</p><p>The song was written long ago and began as a poem by <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Weldon_Johnson" target="_blank">James Weldon Johnson</a>.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;"><em>A group of young men in Jacksonville, Florida, arranged to celebrate Lincoln's birthday in 1900. My brother, J. Rosamond Johnson, and I decided to write a song to be sung at the exercises. I wrote the words and he wrote the music. </em>— <a href="https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/46549/lift-every-voice-and-sing" target="_blank">James Weldon Johnson</a></p><p>According to "<a href="https://amzn.to/37HABlA" target="_blank">Anthem: Social Movements and the Sound of Solidarity in the African Diaspora</a>" by Shana L. Redmond, Johnson later <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2018/04/16/lift-every-voice-and-sing-the-story-behind-the-black-national-anthem-that-beyonce-sang/" target="_blank">recalled</a>, "I could not keep back the tears, and made no effort to do so."</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;"><em>Our New York publisher, Edward B. Marks, made mimeographed copies for us, and the song was taught to and sung by a chorus of five hundred colored school children. Shortly afterwards my brother and I moved away from Jacksonville to New York, and the song passed out of our minds. But the school children of Jacksonville kept singing it; they went off to other schools and sang it; they became teachers and taught it to other children. Within twenty years it was being sung over the South and in some other parts of the country. Today the song, popularly known as the Negro National Hymn, is quite generally used. </em>— James Weldon Johnson</p><p>The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) named "Lift Every Voice and Sing" the "black national anthem" in 1919, but not everyone agrees with that designation since it implies the need for a separate American black anthem. Nonetheless, listening to this American hymn is a haunting, heartbreaking, and ultimately uplifting experience.</p>
"Lift Every Voice and Sing"<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/27EuTNKgakg" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe><p>(Sung by <a href="https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8Iq4kYFwVzhz0fMD5ekuDA" target="_blank">June's Diary</a>)</p><p><em>Lift every voice and sing<br><em>Till earth and heaven ring,</em><br>Ring with the harmonies of Liberty;<br>Let our rejoicing rise<br>High as the listening skies,<br>Let it resound loud as the rolling sea.<br>Sing a song full of the faith that the dark past has taught us,<br>Sing a song full of the hope that the present has brought us.<br>Facing the rising sun of our new day begun,<br></em><em>Let us march on till victory is won.</em></p><p><em>Stony the road we trod,<br>Bitter the chastening rod,<br>Felt in the days when hope unborn had died;<br>Yet with a steady beat,<br>Have not our weary feet<br>Come to the place for which our fathers sighed?<br>We have come over a way that with tears has been watered,<br>We have come, treading our path through the blood of the slaughtered,<br>Out from the gloomy past,<br>Till now we stand at last<br></em><em>Where the white gleam of our bright star is cast.</em><em></em>God of our weary years,</p><p><em>God of our silent tears,<br>Thou who hast brought us thus far on the way;<br>Thou who hast by Thy might<br>Led us into the light,<br>Keep us forever in the path, we pray.<br>Lest our feet stray from the places, our God, where we met Thee,<br>Lest, our hearts drunk with the wine of the world, we forget Thee;<br>Shadowed beneath Thy hand,<br>May we forever stand.<br>True to our God,<br>True to our native land.</em></p>
Does the President get to decide when to ignore the law?
- During the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln decided to suspend habeas corpus, a protection in the Constitution that prohibited imprisonment without a trial.
- From Lincoln's point of view, following the law to the letter during that unprecedented and pivotal moment in history (i.e. the threat of war and secession from the Union) would put lawfulness itself at risk, so some restrictions of civil liberties were necessary.
- The war and the president's actions changed how the founding document is interpreted and sometimes challenged by the rule of men.
Even if automation makes human trafficking economically inefficient, that alone won't end this unethical practice.
- Robotic automation may one day make slavery economically inefficient, but automation does not spring forth fully formed.
- An interim period of piecemeal coverage may leave many at-risk, low-skilled workers in danger of exploitation.
- Nor can automation sate the political and social motives for slavery found in some societies.
Robots to end slavery?<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMTEwNzExNC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYzMTY0MDQ2N30.92fR7yE6EAzKZCXSeSnWu1lr-lyPExOSg0Pf8OZ2ld4/img.jpg?width=980" id="859a9" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="efb1fa27598e5535a0b38f7f0db47327" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
A map showing the estimated prevalence of modern slavery (per 1,000 people) according to the Global Slavery Index's 2018 findings. The 10 countries with the highest prevalence are noted.
Sold down the river<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMTEwOTY0My9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY0ODA5NjQ0Mn0.PGlvt028XWNMgLHYtyr0zc9-GIHHbAC_agZ73imPmps/img.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=310%2C658%2C310%2C658&height=700" id="5a46e" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="84db573f6963c1a77f77b318c5feef5f" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Many manufacturing jobs, like this silk factory near Dalat, Vietnam, are at risk as automation enters the ASEAN-5 countries.