These needles in the vast galactic haystack take more effort to find, but they help piece together our origins.
- With billions of stars in our galaxy, why should astronomers seek out the oldest ones?
- Age-dating stars is a complicated process, so astronomers use chemical compositions, telescopes, and prisms to determine the age of these ancient stars.
- Some telescopes used for this purpose are in extremely remote places, where you can observe the bright band of the Milky Way with the naked eye.
The idea that celestial objects exist within utterly immense cosmic structures is becoming inescapable.
- New findings in astronomy are making some astronomers doubt our basic model of the universe.
- Alignments of celestial objects suggest that they may be embedded in large-scale structures.
- Galaxies too far apart to be influencing each other are moving through space together.
A new paper suggests a primordial black hole may be making things weird at the edge of our solar system.
- Though a Planet 9 has been hypothesized, we can't seem to find it, at least not yet.
- The strange orbits of distant bodies and weird gravitational anomalies beg for an explanation.
- Scientists propose a hunt for telltale gamma rays from a primordial black hole.
Our ability to make predictions about the future distinguishes our level of consciousness.
- One of the great questions in all of science is where consciousness comes from.
- When it comes to consciousness, Kaku believes different species have different levels of consciousness, based on their feedback loops needed to survive in space, society, and time.
- According to the theoretical physicist, human beings' ability to use past experiences, memories, to predict the future makes us distinct among animals — and even robots (they're currently unable to understand, or operate within, a social hierarchy).
When it comes to theories of the universe, the Big Bang theory is almost accepted as a fact. However, it's still uncertain, and some scientists believe that the universe didn't began with a bang, but a bounce.
- The Big Bang theory is treated as the de facto way the universe began, but it's had some issues.
- One issue was that it could not describe how the universe became uniform and homogeneous, which is what we observe today.
- Physicists tweaked Big Bang theory to accommodate this, but the Big Bounce theory can address these issues without too much tweaking.