from the world's big
The Future of Medicine Is Here. Now Let’s Start Using It.
Exciting new technologies with major health care implications are emerging. Singularity University's Daniel Kraft demonstrates some of these new innovations and explains how exponential technology will democratize health care for consumers.
Daniel Kraft is a Stanford and Harvard trained physician-scientist, inventor, entrepreneur, and innovator. With over 20 years of experience in clinical practice, biomedical research and healthcare innovation, Daniel chairs Medicine for Singularity University and founded and chairs Exponential Medicine, a program which explores the future of healthcare. Daniel’s academic research has focused on: stem cell biology and regenerative medicine, stem cell derived immunotherapies for cancer, bioengineering human T-cell differentiation, and humanized animal models. Dr. Kraft recently founded IntelliMedicine, focused on enabling connected, data driven, and integrated personalized medicine.
Daniel Kraft: I think the cutting edge of medicine is really not always high-tech; it's being more focused on prevention and being proactive, understanding your genetics. We're at $1,000 genome today; we'll be at $100 or even a free genome in the next decade. We know that sitting is the new smoking. We now have wearables that we can stick in our clothes and our cars and our phones that are going to help give us insight into our behaviors. We're in the era of integrating exponential technologies together.
I have in my pocket a version of the first medical tricorder, part of a clinical trial from a company called Scanadu that started at Singularity University. So as a consumer, you can track your vital signs very readily. They can help you do a better job of understanding health, wellness, early disease detection, and triage. Technologies like having an AI doctor blended with sensors like this one has in your pocket as a consumer will help you be more proactive, realizing that the best drug is walking, doing 30 minutes of exercise a day; being reasonable about your diet. And when we can use some of these tools as levers, understanding that behavior change is hard. If you can look in the mirror in the morning and see future you and if your future you is 100 pounds heavier, that might change your lever on behavior change.
We can use, I think, Myers-Briggs Type things of behavioral change to understand your care and your stick because just like precision and personalized medicine, not everyone needs the same drug or the same app or the same interface; we can start to use AI feedback loops integrated into your workday, integrated into your wearables, into your apps to be more proactive. And if you think about how the world has shifted, we've only had smartphones for seven years. The desktop of 2000 fits on your smartphone and as of now it fits on my smartwatch, which can kind of give you a bit of a Google Now. Not just leave work early because of traffic, but you need to check in the gym and get a few extra calories today if you're going to stay on track to a certain goal or to help manage diabetes or emphysema or heart disease.
And we're seeing a whole new realm of sort of digital diagnostics. In my pocket I have an attachment that's an otoscope that can go in your phone. I have 3D-printed parts; here's mini me. So we have new tools that you can use at home, whether it's 3D printing a cast if you've had a fracture, and here's an example from 3D Systems. Scan your fracture; make one that fits you. All these things are enabling cheaper, faster, more effective health care. It can democratize it around the planet. You can have telemedicine talking to your doctor or nurse on Skype anywhere on the planet, which has increasingly broadband accessibility. You can have diagnostics, labs on a chip. It's not just our quantified self-data; it's the ability to do this on your smartphone or to communicate that to a pathologist here in New York from rural Africa.
All those things are shifting the power curve to the empowered and engaged consumer and patient who can be a data donor, can be connected to their own data to gain insights early, can have a visit with their clinician in more seamless less expensive and less time-consuming ways. So we're in an interesting era now, whether it's a tricorder or knowing your own genomics or having embedded sensors kind of like your own personal check engine light can really shift health care diagnostics and therapy in smart ways. So I think the most important thing anyone can do is start owning their own health. Using tools and apps to quit smoking, get on a diet, tweet out their weight from your scale, all those things can come together in powerful ways to be more proactive and preventative as opposed to waiting for disease to happen. So be the COO of your own health; don't wait for your doctor to tell you what you need to do when you're in the ER or worse.
"Own your own health," says Singularity University's Daniel Kraft. Exciting new technologies with major health care implications are emerging. 3D printing, diagnostic apps, new forms of data analysis — these are all tools that democratize health care for consumers. In this video interview, Kraft shows off some of the emerging tools that fit in his pocket and demonstrates how exponential technology is about to change the ways we take care of ourselves.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are incredibly rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also very rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.
Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.
Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Crisis times tend to increase self-centered acts.