Once a week.
Subscribe to our weekly newsletter.
A New Study with Big Implications for Antivaxxers
Researchers have discovered that the measles virus erases the body’s natural immunity to other diseases.
As medical interventions go, the introduction of the measles vaccine had one of the greatest impacts on public health of all time, reducing childhood deaths by up to 90 percent in the world’s poorest countries. But as memories of widespread measles deaths and complications fade, today in the U.S., where measles was eliminated in the year 2000, measles is making a comeback due to falling rates of vaccinations.
Before the measles vaccine was introduced in the 1960s, measles killed 650 people in the U.S. every year. Measles remains one of the most contagious diseases in existence, infecting nine out of 10 people who come into close contact with it and remaining in the air for up to two hours after the infected person has left the vicinity.
As widespread measles outbreaks became a thing of the past in the developed world thanks to the success of vaccinations, it has become easy to forget how serious the disease really is. Measles still hospitalises one in four people who catch it and still kills between one and three out of every thousand people who are infected — even in developed countries.
The measles vaccine is often at the top of the hit list for parents with concerns about vaccines. This is partly because measles is commonly assumed to be far less serious than it really is, and partly due to a health scare surrounding the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine that has been resoundingly debunked and indeed was the result of serious research fraud.
The measles virus erases the body’s natural immunity to other diseases
One of the most popular arguments (based on no evidence whatsoever) used by some to argue against vaccines, is that the body’s natural immunity is somehow better than the immunity provided by vaccines. The argument makes intuitive sense; after all, no one wants their child to be so wrapped in cotton wool that they don’t have the chance to develop their own defences, but the argument rests on the appeal to nature fallacy, rather than having any basis in fact.
When it comes to the measles vaccine, the argument that letting nature take its course could be better in the long run has now been dealt something of a deathblow by a paper recently published in Science. The new research demonstrates how catching measles, far from aiding natural immunity, actually demolishes children’s natural immunity to a great variety of other diseases such as meningitis and pneumonia, seemingly resetting their immunity to that of a newborn baby.
It has long been known that measles suppresses the immune system by killing white blood cells that retain a memory of past infections, leaving sufferers vulnerable to other infections, but until now it had been assumed that this vulnerability is transient, with the body quickly replenishing its store of white blood cells. The new evidence demonstrates that this suppression of the immune system is very likely far from transient, in fact lasting between two and three years before the body’s defences begin to get back up to speed.
Researchers looked at deaths from diseases other than measles in the U.S., the U.K., and Denmark in the years before and following the introduction of the measles vaccine and found that deaths from infectious diseases closely followed measles cases, with a lag of up to three years. The evidence suggests that while measles was common, it could have been responsible for half of all childhood deaths from other infectious diseases.
The new results are supported by recent findings in monkeys that show how the measles virus destroys white blood cells’ memories of other diseases with the exception of measles itself. Particularly worrying, is the prospect that the measles virus may even be able to destroy the immunity provided by vaccinations for other diseases, which is to be the next area of research for the researchers behind the study. If this is the case, then the parents who choose to avoid getting their children vaccinated for measles, but still get their children vaccinated for other diseases may be undoing all of the good work that the other vaccines are doing and placing their children at great risk. If the children go on to catch these diseases as adults, the consequences may be far more serious.
Hopefully this new research will prove compelling to those who are enamoured by appeals to nature and place special value in naturally acquired immunity. Without the measles vaccine it seems children are liable to lose all of their naturally acquired immunity, leaving them in an extremely vulnerable position during their formative years.
Will this new evidence sway the minds of those with fixed ideas against vaccines? As we’ve explored previously, showing evidence to people who don’t believe in vaccines can actually have an extremely powerful counterproductive effect. Hopefully this new evidence, which debunks one of the core assumptions of the anti-vaccine movement, could prove persuasive where other evidence has failed. This assumes, however, that fear of vaccines is rational, and if we’ve learned anything from the study the anti-vaccine movement, it is one thing: Rational it is not.
Via New Scientist Image Credit: Center for Disease Control, Science.
The team caught a glimpse of a process that takes 18,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 years.
- In Italy, a team of scientists is using a highly sophisticated detector to hunt for dark matter.
- The team observed an ultra-rare particle interaction that reveals the half-life of a xenon-124 atom to be 18 sextillion years.
- The half-life of a process is how long it takes for half of the radioactive nuclei present in a sample to decay.
Humans are particularly prone to shiver when a group does or thinks the same thing at the same time.
A few years ago, I proposed that the feeling of cold in one's spine, while for example watching a film or listening to music, corresponds to an event when our vital need for cognition is satisfied.
Certain colors are globally linked to certain feelings, the study reveals.
- Color psychology is often used in marketing to alter your perception of products and services.
- Various studies and experiments across multiple years have given us more insight into the link between personality and color.
- The results of a new study spanning 6 continents (30 nations) shows universal correlations between colors and emotions around the globe.
The root of color psychology<span style="display:block;position:relative;padding-top:56.25%;" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="9e40cf62fa8922fcca6c57e2fcb215b6"><iframe type="lazy-iframe" data-runner-src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/OM4fXB23pCQ?rel=0" width="100%" height="auto" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;"></iframe></span><p>There is a very likely chance you've even been "fooled" by color marketing in the past, or you've chosen one product over another subconsciously due to colors that were designed to influence your emotions.<br></p><p>Companies that want to be known for being dependable often use blue in their logos, for example (Dell, HP, IBM). Companies that want to be perceived as fun and exciting go for a splash of orange (Fanta, Nickelodeon, even Amazon). Green is associated with natural, peaceful emotions and is often used by companies like Whole Foods and Tropicana. </p><p><strong>Your favorite color says a lot about your personality. </strong></p><p>Various studies and experiments across multiple years (<a href="https://www.researchgate.net/publication/49595886_Personality_Traits_and_Colour_Preferences" target="_blank">2010</a>, <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jopy.12087" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2014</a>, <a href="http://oaji.net/articles/2015/1170-1448038739.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2015</a>, and more recently in <a href="https://www.verywellmind.com/color-psychology-2795824#modern-research-on-color-psychology" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">2019</a>) have given us more insight into the link between your personality and your favorite color.</p><p>Red, for example, is considered a bold color and is associated with feelings such as excitement, passion, anger, danger, energy, and love. The personality traits of this color might be someone who is bold, a little impulsive, and who loves adventure. </p><p>Orange, on the other hand, is considered representative of creativity, happiness, and freedom. The personality traits of this color can be fun, playful, cheerful, nurturing, and productive. Read more about color psychology and personalities <a href="https://bigthink.com/mind-brain/color-personality-psychology?rebelltitem=2#rebelltitem2" target="_self">here</a>.</p>
Study reveals which colors best suit which emotions around the globe<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yNDYzMTk5OS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYyODc4OTg5OH0.bY-pu-MFNivdJLDJuBp9TBKrhwuy7hngUa1aIWxQMVw/img.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C93%2C0%2C94&height=700" id="33fff" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="1a5d7bb00dac94bd6201616789fb4882" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" alt="concept of color psychology how colors make us feel color emotions" />
Certain colors are globally ties to certain emotions, the study reveals.
Image by agsandrew on Shutterstock<p>In this particular survey, participants were asked to fill out an online questionnaire which involved assigning 20 emotions to 12 different color terms. They were also asked to specify the intensity with which they associated the color term with the emotion.</p><p><strong>Certain colors are globally linked to certain emotions, the study reveals.</strong></p><p>The results of this study showed a few definite correlations between colors and emotions throughout the globe. Red, for example, is the only color that is strongly associated with both negative (anger) and positive (love) feelings. Brown, on the other end of the spectrum, is the color that triggers the fewest emotions globally.<br></p><p>The color white is closely associated with sadness in China, while purple is what is closely associated with sadness in Greece. This can be traced back to the roots of each culture, with white being worn at funerals in China and dark purple being the Greek Orthodox Church's color of mourning. </p><p>Yellow is more associated with joy, specifically in countries that see less sunshine. Meanwhile, its association with joy is weaker in areas that have greater exposure to sunshine. </p><p><a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/09/200910150247.htm" target="_blank">According to Dr. Oberfeld-Twistel</a>, it is difficult to say exactly what the causes for global similarities and differences are. "There is a range of possible influencing factors: language, culture, religion, climate, the history of human development, the human perceptual system."</p>