Would scientists tell us about a looming apocalypse?
If a doomsday asteroid is set to collide with Earth, you're going to know about it – whether you want to or not.
Dr. Michelle Thaller is an astronomer who studies binary stars and the life cycles of stars. She is Assistant Director of Science Communication at NASA. She went to college at Harvard University, completed a post-doctoral research fellowship at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena, Calif. then started working for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's (JPL) Spitzer Space Telescope. After a hugely successful mission, she moved on to NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), in the Washington D.C. area. In her off-hours often puts on about 30lbs of Elizabethan garb and performs intricate Renaissance dances. For more information, visit NASA.
MICHELLE THALLER: Anthony, I often get asked this question: If scientists actually knew that there was an impending catastrophic collision, some asteroid was heading towards Earth, would they tell you? And the answer is yes. We actually study the sky; every night we're looking for objects that might be on a collision course with Earth and if we find anything that even looks risky we inform lots of people. The other thing is that the sky is available to anybody on the Earth – no one government owns the sky, there are telescopes everywhere on the planet; there's no way that anybody could hide the fact that some big asteroid was on a course with the Earth. So one of the things that I find very difficult as a scientist is people often ask the question: "Would scientists tell us if something really bad was about to happen?" And you think about that sentence and you have to ask the question: Who is the "us" here? Am I not part of "us"?
I remember back, I think it was in 2012, there was this idea that the Mayan apocalypse was going to come, that the world was going to end, it was all over the news and I actually got a phone call from somebody. I was sitting at my desk at NASA and somebody asked me the question, "Is the world going to end next week?" And I thought about that because, of course, we knew that the world was not going to end, there was nothing happening astronomically that we could tell, but I realized this person didn't think of me as an actual human being – that if I knew the world was going to end in a week I would be at work at my desk. I don't think so. The day you have all the scientists buy up all the great wine and max out their credit cards and disappear then you might want to worry, but even that's not how we work, we are people, and if we knew something dangerous was coming there would be no way for us to hide it.
Now, one of the things that NASA is researching right now is how to actually alleviate a bad collision. If we see a big asteroid coming toward us on a collision course there are actually many things we could do to avert the asteroid a little bit, have it miss the Earth, and we're studying those right now. But in the past, whenever we've even seen something that looked slightly risky, we've gone to the government about it, we've gone to the people, we've gone to the press. We have nothing to hide. And this is something that is really difficult in my life. People are saying: Are you hiding aliens? Are you hiding evidence of this? Are you hiding the fact that an asteroid is going to blow us up or whatever? And to me it speaks to the separation that somehow scientists are this monolithic, inhuman group that we could hide things, that we would want to. Instead we've been trying to involve the public in everything that we do. I know this will not convince the conspiracy theorists out there, but one of the things I love most about our science is how accessible it is and how much we would tell you even if something bad was going to happen.
- NASA astronomer Michelle Thaller fields one question with a heavy heart: If scientists knew there was a catastrophic asteroid heading towards Earth, would they tell us?
- What about aliens? Is NASA hiding aliens from the public? Are they "in" on conspiracy theories? Scientists are, on the contrary, eager to communicate their findings to the media and the public, says Thaller.
- "To me it speaks to the separation that somehow scientists are this monolithic inhuman group; that we could hide things, that we would want to," says Thaller. No single telescope owns the sky. If there's a doomsday asteroid coming, scientists all over the world are going to let the world know about it.
In his final years, Martin Luther King, Jr. become increasingly focused on the problem of poverty in America.
- Despite being widely known for his leadership role in the American civil rights movement, Martin Luther King, Jr. also played a central role in organizing the Poor People's Campaign of 1968.
- The campaign was one of the first to demand a guaranteed income for all poor families in America.
- Today, the idea of a universal basic income is increasingly popular, and King's arguments in support of the policy still make a good case some 50 years later.
10 of the most sandbagging, red-herring, and effective logical fallacies.
- Many an otherwise-worthwhile argument has been derailed by logical fallacies.
- Sometimes these fallacies are deliberate tricks, and sometimes just bad reasoning.
- Avoiding these traps makes disgreeing so much better.
For Damien Echols, tattoos are part of his existential armor.
- In prison Damien Echols was known by his number SK931, not his name, and had his hair sheared off. Stripped of his identity, the only thing he had left was his skin.
- This is why he began tattooing things that are meaningful to him — to carry a "suit of armor" made up the images of the people and objects that have significance to him, from his friends to talismans.
- Echols believes that all places are imbued with divinity: "If you interact with New York City as if there's an intelligence behind... then it will behave towards you the same way."
SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved.