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How Virtual Reality Will Supplant the Film-Going Experience
Chief film critic A.O. Scott discusses how virtual reality may change the movie-going experience. People have predicted the death of cinema over and over, he says, but people still love going to the movies.
A. O. Scott joined The New York Times as a film critic in January 2000, and was named a chief critic in 2004. Previously, Mr. Scott had been the lead Sunday book reviewer for Newsday and a frequent contributor to Slate, The New York Review of Books, and many other publications.
Mr. Scott was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in Criticism in 2010, the same year he served as co-host (with Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune) on the last season of "At the Movies," the syndicated film-reviewing program started by Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel.
A frequent presence on radio and television, Mr. Scott is Distinguished Professor of Film Criticism at Wesleyan University and the author of Better Living Through Criticism (2016, Penguin Press).
A.O. Scott: The question is kind of how virtual reality will interact with or supplant or challenge the theatrical experience because that has proven very durable. The end of movie going is something that's been predicted since the first television set rolled off the assembly line, pretty much, and has accelerated in recent years. This idea well people are just going to stop going to movies. There is going to be something at home that's going to be so great, maybe it will be goggles or maybe it will be a big TV that no one is ever going to leave the house and going to the movies again, and yet people do. And I think people still will. And if some enterprising producers or filmmakers or technology companies can figure out how to integrate the VR experience into that that could be really interesting. It could also be really strange. I was at a screening of the virtual reality stuff for the Times Magazine and there were a bunch of people sitting in rows of chairs and they were all going like this with their little goggles on. It was really weird. Instead of all looking at the screen they were all kind of kind of together in a theater but in their own little enclosed bubbles.
One thing that's true about movies or about motion pictures, let's say, is just how constant and how rapid the technological change has been. I mean the movies have been a different thing every single decade of their existence and it's remarkable to look at how fast they moved from the first Edison and Lumiere shorts to the large scale silent features by Griffith and Chaplin and von Stroheim and the others. And then there's sound; then there's Hollywood; then there's color; then there's television; then there's wide screen; then there's 3-D; then there's digital. I mean it happens really, really quickly and at any point it's hard to predict what it's going to look like. And I think it's a matter of the artists figuring out what to do with it. I mean there's this new technology and the one thing that I'm sure of is that the early experiments with it that look kind of so cool and so futuristic now will, a few years from now, look so bizarre and antiquated and strange.
Directed / Produced by Jonathan Fowler, Elizabeth Rodd, and Aaron Lehmann
Technological change has happened increasingly quickly in the film industry. First sound, then Hollywood, then color. When the television set entered the culture, everyone predicted the end of the big screen. What happened instead were a series of innovations to the film-going experience itself. New York Times Chief Film Critic A.O. Scott discusses how virtual reality may change going to the movies, taking a community experience and creating a more individual revelry.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.
Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.
Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Times of crisis tend to increase self-centered acts.