The exploding popularity of the keto diet puts a less used veggie into the spotlight.
- The cauliflower is a vegetable of choice if you're on the keto diet.
- The plant is low in carbs and can replace potatoes, rice and pasta.
- It can be eaten both raw and cooked for different benefits.
While short-term results are positive, there is mounting evidence against staying in ketosis for too long.
- Recent studies showed volunteers lost equal or more weight on high-carb, calorie-restricted diets than low-carb, calorie restricted diets.
- There might be positive benefits to short-term usage of a ketogenic diet.
- One dietician warns that the ketogenic diet could put diabetics at risk for diabetic ketoacidosis.
Vox Media<p>At the end of the two months, Hall was <a href="https://www.vox.com/2018/2/21/17036004/do-low-carb-diets-work" target="_blank">unimpressed</a>. </p><blockquote>In this case, we saw daily insulin secretion drop substantially within the first week and stay at a low level. But we only saw a small transient increase in energy expenditure during the first couple of weeks of the [low-carb] diet, and that essentially vanished by the end of the study.</blockquote><p>Despite what some expected, it took the volunteers on the high-fat diet 28 days to lose as much weight as those on the baseline diet lost in 15 days. (All volunteers were overweight; the mechanism for their weight loss was lower daily caloric intake.) To be fair, there was no control group and calorie restriction generally has a bigger impact during the first month on any diet. That said, this study provided a serious blow to low-carb advocates. </p><p>As dietician Bonnie Taub-Dix told <a href="https://www.wellandgood.com/good-food/ketogenic-diet-long-term-versus-short-term/slide/2/" target="_blank"><em>Well </em>+<em> Good</em></a>, there should be an emphasis on eating the <em>right</em> carbs, such as whole grains. She's also not a fan of diabetics getting into ketosis, even though this community is specifically targeted by advocates. "It can cause DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis," she said. "This happens when your body is producing a lot of ketones and can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, feeling faint, and being [excessively] thirsty."</p><p><em><br></em></p>
Yagi Studio / Getty Images<p>The Internet is filled with anecdotal tales of triumph thanks to ketosis. The diet should not be completely written off, as other studies — on mice — have shown <a href="https://bigthink.com/21st-century-spirituality/ketogenic-diets-promote-longevity-and-memory" target="_blank">positive benefits</a>, such as weight loss and memory improvement. Again, these are short-term fixes, not longitudinal proof. </p><p>Besides, a 2018 <a href="https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2673150?redirect=true" target="_blank">study</a>, published in <em>JAMA</em>, found that low-carb and low-fat diets were equally effective for weight loss. This isn't the only evidence of this fact. A 2015 <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/landia/article/PIIS2213-8587(15)00367-8/abstract" target="_blank">meta-analysis</a> found that low-carb diets barely outperformed low-fat diets.<br></p><p>As Taub-Dix notes, balanced dieting is "boring." People always want the next great thing, be it a shamanically-blessed Amazonian berry or a supercharged Pacific Northwestern mushroom. I recently had dinner with a fellow who talked about his nootropics regimen, which greatly increases his focus, yet he checked his cell phone every five minutes during our two-hour meal. The distance between our brain and our gut remains too long to traverse.</p><p><em>--</em></p><p><em>Stay in touch with Derek on <a href="http://www.twitter.com/derekberes" target="_blank">Twitter</a> and <a href="https://www.facebook.com/DerekBeresdotcom" target="_blank">Facebook</a>.</em></p>
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