Why It's So Hard to Disrupt the Textbook Industry
You'd think in the age of Uber and Airbnb someone would have figured out how to put Big Textbook in its place. Unfortunately, it's a lot more complicated than just waving a magical disruption wand and putting Follett out of business.
You'd think in the age of Uber and Airbnb someone would have figured out how to put Big Textbook in its place. Unfortunately, it's a lot more complicated than just waving a magical disruption wand and making course materials both affordable and easy to use. Here's why:
The need for disruption
The modern tech-driven market has a nifty way of doing away with archaic conventions. It's called disruption, and you've probably heard of it. If not, the easy example is the taxi industry. Riding in a taxi was lousy before ridesharing forced the industry to up its game. Now it's easy to hail a cab with your smartphone, pay with a credit card, and accomplish other consumer-friendly tasks.
Below, Vivek Wadhwa on the power and future of tech disruption.
Research in plant neurobiology shows that plants have senses, intelligence and emotions.
- The field of plant neurobiology studies the complex behavior of plants.
- Plants were found to have 15-20 senses, including many like humans.
- Some argue that plants may have awareness and intelligence, while detractors persist.
E-cigarettes may be safer than traditional cigarettes, but they come with their own risks.
- A new study used an MRI machine to examine how vaping e-cigarettes affects users' cardiovascular systems immediately after inhalation.
- The results showed that vaping causes impaired circulation, stiffer arteries and less oxygen in their blood.
- The new study adds to a growing body of research showing that e-cigarettes – while likely safer than traditional cigarettes – are far from harmless.
Since the idea of locality is dead, space itself may not be an aloof vacuum: Something welds things together, even at great distances.
- Realists believe that there is an exactly understandable way the world is — one that describes processes independent of our intervention. Anti-realists, however, believe realism is too ambitious — too hard. They believe we pragmatically describe our interactions with nature — not truths that are independent of us.
- In nature, properties of Particle B may be depend on what we choose to measure or manipulate with Particle A, even at great distances.
- In quantum mechanics, there is no explanation for this. "It just comes out that way," says Smolin. Realists struggle with this because it would imply certain things can travel faster than light, which still seems improbable.