American prison employees show PTSD levels similar to Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans
Prison isn't just terrible for the prisoners. Increasingly, the employees are suffering, too.
A recent study from Washington State University showed an alarming amount of prison employees—19%, or just under 1 in 5—suffered from diagnosable PTSD. This is a rate equal to veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan war, and a higher rate of PTSD than police officers.
Prison employees routinely witness violence, suffering, and—one can imagine—existential crises such as wrongful imprisonment that we on the outside can only dimly imagine. The rate of PTSD amongst the general population is around 3.5%, meaning that prison employees were about 6 times more likely to develop it. About 15% of those surveyed experienced bad flashbacks or nightmares related to what they had seen. You can access the study here.
The study took test results from 355 employees from the Washington State Department of Corrections, who were surveyed using the PTSD checklist from the DSM-5 (PCL-5), and the Critical Incident History Questionnaire.
What can be done? Perhaps build less prisons. Between 1990 and 2005 in the U.S., a new prison was built roughly every 10 days or so. That number is dropping, yet prisons are becoming privatised to bring in more cash flow. America has only 5% of the world's population but 25% of the world's prison population. With 2.25 million people in prison in America, with an average cost to taxpayers of $31,000 per year per inmate, it's a sad state of affairs.
If you want some more info (with some jokes), John Oliver did a whole segment on America's prison problem a few years ago.
That's a sharp increase from the 1960s when it took the same share of scientists an average of 35 years to drop out of academia.
- The study tracked the careers of more than 100,000 scientists over 50 years.
- The results showed career lifespans are shrinking, and fewer scientists are getting credited as the lead author on scientific papers.
- Scientists are still pursuing careers in the private sector, however there are key differences between research conducted in academia and industry.
China's rise has necessitated a global PR push. It includes influencing how the movies you watch depict China.
- China will soon overtake the U.S. as the world's largest market for films, and it is using that fact to influence how it is depicted by Hollywood.
- While Chinese investors have been interested in buying shares of studios for a while, the real power lies in deciding which movies get into China at all.
- The influence is often subtle, but may have already derailed a few careers in the name of politics.
The bold technique involves surgically implanting a so-called microneedle patch directly onto the heart.
- Heart attacks leave scar tissue on the heart, which can reduce the organ's ability to pump blood throughout the body.
- The microneedle patch aims to deliver therapeutic cells directly to the damaged tissue.
- It hasn't been tested on humans yet, but the method has shown promising signs in research on animals.
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