How Your Social Network Shapes Your Decisions (And Your Friends' Decisions)
Megan Erickson is an Associate Editor at Big Think. Prior to Big Think, she taught reading and writing to ninth and tenth graders in NYC public schools and tutored students of all ages at the Stuyvesant Writing Center, which she helped launch. In her spare time, she worked in the communications department at the Center for Constitutional Rights and served as a mentor at the Urban Assembly, where she designed and led an extracurricular civics course on grassroots community action. She’s written on education, small business, and the arts for CNNMoney, Fortune Small Business, and The Huffington Post. Megan received her master’s degree in Education from Teachers College. You can reach her at firstname.lastname@example.org.
What's the Big Idea?
Love your best friend? Good. Chances are you’re unconsciously emulating her. As humans, we all engage in mimicry, says Harvard physician and sociologist Nicholas Christakis, and we usually copy the people to whom we are most connected.
Watch the interview:
This adaptive tic is especially noticeable when it comes to the use and reuse of verbal expressions. The urge to pepper our conversation with phrases we hear uttered by close friends and colleagues can be irresistible. No matter how annoying, pretentious, and useless you find business jargon, for instance, the day may very well come when you want to "take everything to the next level" and habitually refer to easy fixes as "low hanging fruit." (Where did "no worries" come from? It worries me a lot.)
In one recent study, psychologists showed subjects silent videos of speakers reading a list of words then asked them to repeat the words they saw on screen. Without being instructed to, subjects pronounced the words in the same accent as the person on the video. The researchers attribute this impulse to the brain's innate tendency to empathize and affiliate.
But we pick up more than just speech patterns from our interactions. "You come to copy [those in your network] along a whole variety of traits," says Christakis. At work, these include things like energy level, cooperation, productivity, and even health-related traits such as whether or not you smoke. According to Christakis -- who, with his team at Harvard, has mapped and studied workplace networks -- once we appreciate how intricately and deeply people are connected to each other, we can use that understanding as a tool to call forth better behavior.
What's the Significance?
"The usual way of understanding workplace organization is the classic org chart where you have boxes and names and it's like a tree," he says. In fact, the real structure of an organization looks more like a tangle of Christmas tree lights than a set of hierarchical branches, with every bulb a person and the wire, the ties that have formed between them. In order to be effective, health interventions must be set-up accordingly.
Christakis suggests identifying the most influential people in the network, and targeting education and outreach towards those specific people: "We know that when groups of people, particularly people who know each other and are interconnected collaboratively, engage in something such as a health improvement behavior that they're more likely to sustain it and more likely to respond positively."
"It's about having employees that are empowered."
Denmark may be the birthplace of the Lego tower, but its workplace hierarchy is the flattest in the world.
According to the World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report 2018, the nation tops an index measuring "willingness to delegate authority" at work, beating 139 other countries.
We all know sleeping with your ex is a bad idea, or is it?
- In the first study of its kind, researchers have found sex with an ex didn't prevent people from getting over their relationship.
- Instead of feeling worse about their breakup after a hookup, the new singles who attempted sexual contact with their ex reported feeling better afterwards.
- The findings suggest that not every piece of relationship advice is to be taken at face value.
Want a happy, satisfying relationship? Psychologists say the best way is to learn to take a joke.
- New research looks at how partners' attitudes toward humor affects the overall quality of a relationship.
- Out of the three basic types of people, people who love to be laughed at made for better partners.
- Fine-tuning your sense of humor might be the secret to a healthy, happy, and committed relationship.
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