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The Pacifica Radio Model

Question: Are there viable alternative models to corporate media.

 

Amy Goodman: I think we have an example in this country, Pacifica Radio, where I originally came out of. You know, Pacifica was founded in 1949 in Berkley, California by a war resistor named Lou Hill. He came out of the detention camps, and he said, “There has to be a media outlet that is not run by corporations that profit from war, that is not run by corporations. As George Gerbner, founder of the Cultural Environment Movement, former Dean at the Annenberg School Communications University of Pennsylvania, said, “Not run by corporations that have nothing to tell and everything to sell, that are raising our children today.” So, Pacifica was born. The first station, KPFA in Berkley in 1949, second station, 10 years later, in Los Angeles, ’59, KPFK, 1960, WBAI in New York, 1977, WPFW in Washington, and 1970, KPFT in Houston. Those are the 5 Pacifica Stations.

They are the original models of listener sponsorship, that you turned to the listener and you say please. If you appreciate what you hear… you don’t have to agree with everything, but if you appreciate this forum for people to debate and discuss the critical issues of the day, please support it. KPFT, when it went on the air in 1970, within a few months, the small station in Houston was blown off the air. The Ku Klux Klan blew it up. They strapped dynamite to the base of the transmitter, and I don’t know if it was the Exalted Cyclops or the Grand Dragon, ‘cause I often confuse their titles, but they said it was their proudest act, I think because they understood how dangerous Pacifica is.

Dangerous because it allows people to speak for themselves, and when you hear someone speaking for themselves, it breaks down the bigotry, the hatred, the caricatures that fuel the hate groups. I think that is very important model. Now, public radio and television adopted it. National public radio and PBS, you know, we all know the listener and viewer [fun thrives] on the air, but they’ve tended to move away from that, and they were going to corporate underwriting more and more. But Pacifica has remained true to that idea of listener sponsorship, and I think that is a critical model for authentic independent media in this country and around the world.

 

Recorded on: August 11, 2008

 

 

While NPR and PBS have gone to corporate underwriting, Amy Goodman's network has remained true.

The “new normal” paradox: What COVID-19 has revealed about higher education

Higher education faces challenges that are unlike any other industry. What path will ASU, and universities like ASU, take in a post-COVID world?

Photo: Luis Robayo/AFP via Getty Images
Sponsored by Charles Koch Foundation
  • Everywhere you turn, the idea that coronavirus has brought on a "new normal" is present and true. But for higher education, COVID-19 exposes a long list of pernicious old problems more than it presents new problems.
  • It was widely known, yet ignored, that digital instruction must be embraced. When combined with traditional, in-person teaching, it can enhance student learning outcomes at scale.
  • COVID-19 has forced institutions to understand that far too many higher education outcomes are determined by a student's family income, and in the context of COVID-19 this means that lower-income students, first-generation students and students of color will be disproportionately afflicted.
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R.P. Eddy wrote about a coming pandemic in 2017. Why didn't we listen?

In his book with Richard Clarke, "Warnings," Eddy made clear this was inevitable.

Photo by Buda Mendes/Getty Images
Coronavirus
  • In their 2017 book, "Warnings," R.P. Eddy and Richard Clarke warned about a coming pandemic.
  • "You never get credit for correctly predicting an outbreak," says science journalist Laurie Garrett in the book.
  • In this interview with Big Think, R.P. Eddy explains why people don't listen to warnings—and how to try to get them to listen.
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Creativity: The science behind the madness

Human brains evolved for creativity. We just have to learn how to access it.

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  • An all-star cast of Big Thinkers—actors Rainn Wilson and Ethan Hawke; composer Anthony Brandt; neuroscientists David Eagleman, Wendy Suzuki, and Beau Lotto; and psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman—share how they define creativity and explain how our brains uniquely evolved for the phenomenon.
  • According to Eagleman, during evolution there was an increase in space between our brain's input and output that allows information more time to percolate. We also grew a larger prefrontal cortex which "allows us to simulate what ifs, to separate ourselves from our location in space and time and think about possibilities."
  • Scott Barry Kaufman details 3 brain networks involved in creative thinking, and Wendy Suzuki busts the famous left-brain, right-brain myth.

What if Middle-earth was in Pakistan?

Iranian Tolkien scholar finds intriguing parallels between subcontinental geography and famous map of Middle-earth.

Image: Mohammad Reza Kamali, reproduced with kind permission
Strange Maps
  • J.R.R. Tolkien hinted that his stories are set in a really ancient version of Europe.
  • But a fantasy realm can be inspired by a variety of places; and perhaps so is Tolkien's world.
  • These intriguing similarities with Asian topography show that it may be time to 'decolonise' Middle-earth.
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New study explores how to navigate 'desire discrepancies' in long term relationships

With the most common form of female sexual dysfunction impacting 1 in 10 women, this important study dives into how to keep a relationship going despite having different needs and wants in the bedroom.

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Sex & Relationships
  • A new study highlights the difficulties faced by women who struggle with decreased sexual desire, and explains how to navigate desire discrepancies in long-term relationships.
  • Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is one of the most common forms of female sexual dysfunction, impacting an estimated 1 in 10 women.
  • Finding other ways to promote intimacy in your relationship is one of the keys to ensuring happiness on both sides.

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