Stephen Hawking 70, Lou Gehrig ('s Disease) 0

From all of us here at Big Think, Happy 70th birthday, Stephen! If you had only been one of the smartest humans ever, it would have been enough – but you're something much bigger than that: a model of how to live.

"My advice to other disabled people would be, concentrate on things your disability doesn’t prevent you doing well, and don’t regret the things it interferes with. Don’t be disabled in spirit, as well as physically." 


– Stephen Hawking
 

There's an old, endless Passover song that rattles off, one by one, all the good things Jehovah did for the Jewish people – parting the Red Sea, etc – following each item with the refrain Dayenu ("It would have been enough"). It would be easy to compose an updated, secular version about Physicist Stephen Hawking, each of whose extraordinary accomplishments in the 50 years since he was diagnosed with ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease, would have been more than enough for an ordinary lifetime. Consider his groundbreaking work in quantum physics, his breathtaking A Brief History of Time, which sold 10 million copies to at least 9 million people who didn't understand a word of it, his 30-year tenure as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University – a post once held by Sir Isaac Newton. 

Dayenu, Dayenu, Dayenu.

Add to these the fact that Hawking has achieved most of this in a state of almost total physical immobility, confined to a wheelchair and able to communicate only by twitching his cheek muscles to select words on a computer screen, and that he still has enough of a sense of humor to be thrilled about appearing in cartoon form on the Simpsons, and you are left either deeply inspired or reeling at your own petty gripes and narrowness of vision.

Stephen Hawking DJs on the Simpsons. Note the bling.


Let's choose inspiration. Formulating a single sentence can take Hawking as long as ten minutes, yet he has written nearly two dozen books (including a guide for the disabled and, with his daughter Lucy, a children's book) and starred in Into the Universe, a documentary which he also wrote. He communicates daily via email with physicists all over the world, and insisted on doing a 2011 New York Times interview in person, in spite of debilitating complications from pneumonia that have left him needing round-the-clock care since 2009. Far from indulging in self-pity, though, Hawking considers himself lucky that his day job is to ponder the secrets of the universe. Painstaking though the work must be, he spends every day doing exactly what he loves to do.

The Longest Living Survivor of ALS (Lou Gehrig's Disease)
 
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or ALS, is a degenerative motor neuron disease that leads to paralysis and death, usually within five years of diagnosis. Hawking has lived and worked for 50 years with the disease – a complete mystery to ALS experts, some of whom argue that Hawking's illness may not be ALS at all. Although he can't personally take credit for his extraordinary longevity, it is yet another of his groundbreaking achievements.

So, from all of us here at Big Think, Happy 70th birthday, Stephen! If you had only been one of the smartest humans ever, Dayenu – but you're something much bigger than that: a model of how to live.
 

Hear Stephen Hawking's warning to Big Think about the danger humanity poses to itself:* 

A Brief History of Stephen Hawking

Jan 8 1942

Born in Oxford, England.

1953 to 1958

Attends St Albans school in North London, and becomes fascinated with mathematics. 

1959 to 1962

Specialises in physics at University College Oxford. Graduates with a first class degree in natural sciences.

1963

Begins research in cosmology and general relativity at the University of Cambridge. Diagnosed with ALS.

1970

Discovers a remarkable property: by using quantum theory and general relativity he is able to show that black holes can emit radiation.

1973

Joins the department of applied mathematics and theoretical physics at Cambridge.

In the same year he discovers, to his disbelief, that black holes could leak energy and particles into space, and even explode in a fountain of high-energy sparks.

1974

His breakthrough discovery is published in the journal Nature, in a paper entitled Black Hole Explosion?

1979

Appointed Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge (a chair held by Sir Isaac Newton in 1663). Elected as a fellow of the Royal Society.

1988

Publishes A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes, a classic introduction to today's most important scientific ideas about the cosmos. Recorded in the 1998 Guinness Book of Records as an all-time bestseller.

1993

Publishes Black Holes and Baby Universes, and other Essays, a collection of scientific articles exploring ways in which the universe may be governed.

1998

Publishes Stephen Hawking's Universe: The Cosmos Explained, a book about the basis of our existence and of everything around us.

2001

Releases Universe in a Nutshell in the UK, a book that unravels the mysteries of recent breakthroughs in physics.

2002

Releases On the Shoulders of Giants, The Great Works of Physics and Astronomy, an exploration of some of the greatest visionaries in the history of science including Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo, Newton and Einstein.

Publishes The Theory of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe, a book that presents the most complex theories of physics past and present. 

2004

Hawking announces that he has solved the Black Hole paradox, which has been a troubling scientists for years. He presents his most recent findings at the international conference on general relativity and gravitation in Dublin.

2005

Publishes God Created the Integers and A Briefer History of Time 

2007

A statue of Hawking by renowned late artist Ian Walters is unveiled at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology, University of Cambridge.

2009

Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States.

*Thanks to reader jvinopaul for noting an error in the introduction to Big Think's audio interview with Stephen Hawking. The original headline mischaracterized the subject matter of the interview. 

Follow Jason Gots (@jgots) on Twitter
Related Articles

Scientists discover what caused the worst mass extinction ever

How a cataclysm worse than what killed the dinosaurs destroyed 90 percent of all life on Earth.

Credit: Ron Miller
Surprising Science

While the demise of the dinosaurs gets more attention as far as mass extinctions go, an even more disastrous event called "the Great Dying” or the “End-Permian Extinction” happened on Earth prior to that. Now scientists discovered how this cataclysm, which took place about 250 million years ago, managed to kill off more than 90 percent of all life on the planet.

Keep reading Show less

Why we're so self-critical of ourselves after meeting someone new

A new study discovers the “liking gap” — the difference between how we view others we’re meeting for the first time, and the way we think they’re seeing us.

New acquaintances probably like you more than you think. (Photo by Simone Joyner/Getty Images)
Surprising Science

We tend to be defensive socially. When we meet new people, we’re often concerned with how we’re coming off. Our anxiety causes us to be so concerned with the impression we’re creating that we fail to notice that the same is true of the other person as well. A new study led by Erica J. Boothby, published on September 5 in Psychological Science, reveals how people tend to like us more in first encounters than we’d ever suspect.

Keep reading Show less

NASA launches ICESat-2 into orbit to track ice changes in Antarctica and Greenland

Using advanced laser technology, scientists at NASA will track global changes in ice with greater accuracy.

Firing three pairs of laser beams 10,000 times per second, the ICESat-2 satellite will measure how long it takes for faint reflections to bounce back from ground and sea ice, allowing scientists to measure the thickness, elevation and extent of global ice
popular

Leaving from Vandenberg Air Force base in California this coming Saturday, at 8:46 a.m. ET, the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2 — or, the "ICESat-2" — is perched atop a United Launch Alliance Delta II rocket, and when it assumes its orbit, it will study ice layers at Earth's poles, using its only payload, the Advance Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS).

Keep reading Show less