European Capitals Replaced by Cities with the Same Latitude

How did New York end up there?

European Capitals Replaced by Cities with the Same Latitude

Please nobody show this map to the President. He might get the wrong idea and bomb the bejeezus out of Lisbon. Because the Portuguese capital – that red dot in the bottom left corner on the map below – is labelled Pyongyang. And that's the name of another country's capital. North Korea, to be exact.  

Is this map a cunning ploy by that country's nuke-wielding dictatorship to misdirect America's retaliatory strikes in case the Korean War, frozen for most of a century, hots up again? Well, if the President can't keep his Kims apart and can't tell whether his ships are sailing towards or away from Korea, who says he can identify the DPRK on a world map?

But no, don't pin this on Kim. The other dots on the map, all capitals of Europe, have also been relabelled as cities in other parts of the world. The link between each capital dot and its replacement city is that both places share the same latitude: black if the other city is in the northern hemisphere as well, blue if it is on the same latitude, but in the southern hemisphere. 

The result is a map that is spectacularly misdirective. Lots of dots now have North American names attached to them. Madrid is on the same latitude as New York. Las Vegas takes over from Algiers. The Eternal City has transformed in the Windy City, as Chicago settles on the shores of the Tiber. Dublin reveals itself to be Edmonton, the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta.

Prague and nearby Budapest are now Vancouver and nearby Seattle. The capitals of Croatia, Serbia and Bosnia are recast as Canadian cities, never before as close together as here in the former Yugoslavia: Montreal, Halifax and Toronto. 

But Russia takes over a fair bit of Europe too. Wonderful Copenhagen changes into the less inviting-sounding Novosibirsk, a couple of thousand miles to the east. Paris wakes up one morning to find itself replaced by Volgograd, the Hero City once known as Stalingrad.

Berlin, Germany's cosmopolitan capital, gets a make-over as Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, a frontier town and the only city on the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia's Far East. Oslo becomes the stylish former capital of St. Petersburg, while Stockholm has to settle for Magadan, the Far Eastern city the name of which once was synonymous with the Gulag Archipelago. 

A handful of antipodean cities dot the map: Istanbul becomes Puerto Montt, a Chilean port city that by comparison is both extremely young and tiny. Minsk becomes Punta Arenas, also in Chile, the largest city in the world below 46° south. Vilnius is Ushuaya, in Argentina, often labelled the southernmost city in the world (1). Tirana, the capital of Albania, becomes Wellington, the capital of New Zealand. 

So, what does it benefit us to know that Beijing and Athens are on the same latitude; that London is as far from Pole and Equator as is Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan; or that Chicago and Tashkent are roughly on the level?

Nothing very practical: similar latitudes are no guarantee for similar climates. Chicago is a lot colder than Rome, for example. Places that share latitudes do get the same amount of daylight and nighttime as each other – with longer nights in winter and longer days in summer the further north each pair of cities are located. But this only works if they're on the same hemisphere. 

Perhaps the randomness of the comparison is the true attraction of this map. The places where we were born, live and work are a large, often unquestioned part of who we are. What if those places got all mixed up? Who would we be in Madrid instead of New York, or Pyongyang instead of Lisbon?

Many thanks to Martin M. Foldager for sending in this map.

Strange Maps #835

Got a strange map? Let me know at

(1) the title is contested between Punta Arenas, Ushuaia and Puerto Williams. Since the exact position of all three cities is well established, the dispute must centre on which of them is big enough to be called a city.

Scientists find 16 'ultra-black' fish species that absorb 99.9% of light

These alien-like creatures are virtually invisible in the deep sea.

A female Pacific blackdragon

Credit: Karen Osborn/Smithsonian
Surprising Science
  • A team of marine biologists used nets to catch 16 species of deep-sea fish that have evolved the ability to be virtually invisible to prey and predators.
  • "Ultra-black" skin seems to be an evolutionary adaptation that helps fish camouflage themselves in the deep sea, which is illuminated by bioluminescent organisms.
  • There are likely more, and potentially much darker, ultra-black fish lurking deep in the ocean.
Keep reading Show less

Why information is central to physics and the universe itself

Information may not seem like something physical, yet it has become a central concern for physicists. A wonderful new book explores the importance of the "dataome" for the physical, biological, and human worlds.

Credit: agsandrew via Adobe Stock
  • The most important current topic in physics relates to a subject that hardly seems physical at all — information, which is central to thermodynamics and perhaps the universe itself.
  • The "dataome" is the way human beings have been externalizing information about ourselves and the world since we first began making paintings on cave walls.
  • The dataome is vast and growing everyday, sucking up an ever increasing share of the energy humans produce.
Keep reading Show less

Dogs know when people are lying

A new study tested to what extent dogs can sense human deception.

Distrustful dog.

Credit: Adobe Stock / kozorog
Surprising Science
  • A study of 260 dogs found that, in some cases, dogs can tell when people are lying.
  • The experiments involved giving dogs information about the location of food.
  • The majority of the dogs did not follow false suggestions when they knew humans were lying.
  • Keep reading Show less
    Personal Growth

    Interoception: how to improve your "gut feeling"

    When we rely on the conscious mind alone, we lose; but when we listen to the body, we gain a winning edge.