A Comedy Map of the War of 1870, Before it Happened

Everybody was getting ready for conflict, but at least they all agreed this map was funny

All was not well in Europe in 1870, the year the Franco-Prussian war would lead to a united German Empire and a humiliated France; one could call it the first of three European civil wars, the other two being World Wars One and Two.


This French satirical cartoon map (‘Carte drôlatique d’Europe pour 1870‘) sought to get some laughs out of those tensions by showing an anthropomorphic map of Europe, where each country was represented by a caricature of its national ‘persona’.

The French original.

Prussia, made to look like its walrus-bearded ‘Iron Chancellor’ Otto von Bismarck, is haranguing its neighbours: kneeling on Austria, a sleeping soldier in undress; covering the Netherlands with its right hand. • France, dressed as a fierce zouave soldier, is aiming a bayonet at the heart of the unwieldy Prussian military monster. • Belgium, too small to be anthropomorphised, is being squeezed between France and Prussia (which would become its familiar, if uncomfortable lot in the First and Second World Wars). • England is an old woman, struggling with Ireland, her rebellious lapdog on a leash (although it looks more like a small bear); Scotland is the old lady’s mobcap. • Spain is a rotund senorita, smoking the day away while lying on her back and thus nearly crushing the small Portuguese soldier under her. • Corsica and Sardinia are joined to show a leprechaun-like figure gleefully mooning the map-reader. • Italy, possibly made to look like the great national leader Garibaldi, is holding off pressure from Prussia. • Denmark is a small, swaggering soldier, no doubt hoping to recover the territory it lost to Prussia in a war a few years earlier. • Norway and Sweden together are turned into a ferocious dog. • Switzerland is a closed cottage. • Turkey in Europe is “an Oriental crushed by the superincumbent pressure of the other countries”. • Turkey in Asia is a girl smoking a hookah pipe. • Russia is a rag-collector in a patched coat, ‘Crimea’ written on the patch sewn on last.

The Degrees of Longitude at the bottom of the map are measured in rifle-lengths – another comment on the explosive military situation.

This map was obviously drawn before the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war in July. Its author is mentioned as Hadol; Paul Hadol was a French illustrator and caricaturist, also publishing under the pseudonym ‘White’. He was one of the exponents of France’s Golden Age of Caricaturism in the mid-19th century.

In a sad irony, seeing that war was so imminent, most Europeans were able to agree that this was a funny map. It was republished in Germany, Great Britain and the Netherlands.

German reprint of the French original, republished in 1914, when war was again approaching

A link to this map was sent to me by Marc da Costa, who found it at Bibliodyssey, a delightful blog on Books, Illustrations, Science, History, Visual Materia Obscura, Eclectic Bookart. This copy of the Hadol map found here at the Bibliotheque nationale de France.

Strange Maps #227

Got a strange map? Let me know at strangemaps@gmail.com.

11 Esther Perel quotes that set the record straight on love and sex

The Belgian psychotherapist has a lot to teach us.

AUSTIN, TX - MARCH 10: Esther Perel speaks onstage during Bumble Presents: Empowering Connections at Fair Market on March 10, 2018 in Austin, Texas. (Photo by Vivien Killilea/Getty Images for Bumble)
Sex & Relationships
  • The idea of the "one" sets us up for unrealistic expectations.
  • Communication relies on honest conversation and plenty of listening.
  • Change yourself, Perel writes, don't try to change your partner.
Keep reading Show less

"Hi-tech" Russian robot turns out to be a man in a suit

The Russian robot named "Boris", promoted as hi-tech by state tv, was revealed to be an actor.

Technology & Innovation
  • A state-owned channel showed a report on a "robot" which turned out to be an actor in a suit.
  • The robot "Boris" was supposed to be good at math and dancing.
  • Russian journalists who raised questions ultimately found out the truth.
Keep reading Show less

A guide to making better decisions

In Well Grounded, behavioral neuroscience professor Kelly Lambert says it's all about contingency planning.

Photo: Brandon Lopez / Unsplash
Personal Growth
  • Willingness to roll with the punches is an essential component of good mental health.
  • An inability to foresee a range of consequences adversely affects emotional responses.
  • A good contingency plan makes all the differences, argues neuroscience professor Kelly Lambert.
Keep reading Show less