New coating kills germs on hospital surfaces with light

A new coating material has been developed for fighting healthcare-associated infections (HAI) using overhead lighting. It’s a new coating for hospital walls and surfaces that uses quantum dots and crystal violet to kill germs.

It’s well-known that a hospital stay can be as life-threatening as most medical conditions that might send you there. Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) are common, with about one hospitalized person out of every 25 having an HAI on any given day in the U.S. according to the CDC. Worldwide, the number’s one in 10. One bacteria that spreads through physical contact with objects or other people, Clostridium difficile, resulted in 29,000 U.S. fatalities in 2011. The longer one’s stay, the more likely it is that your life is in danger than when you check in. In 2011, 75,000 patients with HAIs died while hospitalized. Hospitals are working to make things better by being ever-more vigilant about hygiene, and recent statistics show improvement, but the emergence of infectious superbugs such as HA-MRSA adds an element of urgency to fighting the spread of bacteria. These organisms are hard, sometimes impossible, to treat. This month, a team of chemists at a Materials Research Society conference described a new light-activated material for walls and other hospital surfaces that contains bacteria-killing molecules that may keep superbugs from gaining traction.

(ksb via Shutterstock)

Other materials have been experimented with and are in use, such as polymer-based antimicrobial coatings that activate when sprayed with water. Copper and steel are also microbe-resistant but are rigid and hard to use on anything other than flat surfaces.

The new material

The new polymer-based coating, developed by a team of chemists led by University College London’s Ethel Koranteng, can be used as a flexible film that can encase a wide variety of shapes, including the door handles, computer keyboards and telephones on which bacteria are known to spread from person to person.

Even more interesting is that the material activates upon exposure to overhead lighting, making it ideal for use in hospitals.

(G10ck via Shutterstock)

The material is a type of polyurethane in which are embedded “quantum dots,” tiny, cadmium-free semiconductor nanoparticles. It also contains crystal violet dye particles, so it’s referred to by Koranteng and her team as “QD-CV” material. The quantum dots absorb light and transfer its energy to the crystal violet, which then releases high-energy oxygen molecules into the air that destroy microbes.

Electron wave functions in rectangular and triangular quantum dots shown in 2010 gif (Saumitra R Mehrotra & Gerhard Klimeck)

Does it work?

The QD-CV material looks to be impressively effective, too, “resulting in complete kill of a laboratory strain of Staphylococcus aureus after 1 hour irradiation at 6000 lux light intensity and 99.99% reduction of a laboratory strain of Escherichia coli” according to the team that developed it. It also killed 99.7% of MRSA. The polymer also performed well against a multidrug-resistant strain of E. Coli, killing 99.85% of it.

These results are heartening. The new material could become an important element in fighting infections in any healthcare setting, such as the one in four nursing homes through which infections often run rampant. Along with the ongoing prioritization of hygienic practices, QD-CV coatings may mean that someday staying in a hospital will no longer be taking on an additional risk on top of whatever it was that made you check in in the first place.

Compelling speakers do these 4 things every single time

The ability to speak clearly, succinctly, and powerfully is easier than you think

Former U.S. President Barack Obama speaks during a Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee rally at the Anaheim Convention Center on September 8, 2018 in Anaheim, California. (Photo by Barbara Davidson/Getty Images)
Personal Growth

The ability to communicate effectively can make or break a person's assessment of your intelligence, competence, and authenticity.

Keep reading Show less

Antimicrobial resistance is a growing threat to good health and well-being

Antimicrobial resistance is growing worldwide, rendering many "work horse" medicines ineffective. Without intervention, drug-resistant pathogens could lead to millions of deaths by 2050. Thankfully, companies like Pfizer are taking action.

Image courtesy of Pfizer.
  • Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens are one of the largest threats to global health today.
  • As we get older, our immune systems age, increasing our risk of life threatening infections. Without reliable antibiotics, life expectancy could decline for the first time in modern history.
  • If antibiotics become ineffective, common infections could result in hospitalization or even death. Life-saving interventions like cancer treatments and organ transplantation would become more difficult, more often resulting in death. Routine procedures would become hard to perform.
  • Without intervention, resistant pathogens could result in 10 million annual deaths by 2050.
  • By taking a multi-faceted approach—inclusive of adherence to good stewardship, surveillance and responsible manufacturing practices, as well as an emphasis on prevention and treatment—companies like Pfizer are fighting to help curb the spread.
Keep reading Show less

Preserving truth: How to confront and correct fake news

Journalism got a big wake up call in 2016. Can we be optimistic about the future of media?

  • "[T]o have a democracy that thrives and actually that manages to stay alive at all, you need regular citizens being able to get good, solid information," says Craig Newmark.
  • The only constructive way to deal with fake news? Support trustworthy media. In 2018, Newmark was announced as a major donor of two new media organizations, The City, which will report on New York City-area stories which may have otherwise gone unreported, and The Markup, which will report on technology.
  • Greater transparency of fact-checking within media organizations could help confront and correct fake news. Organizations already exist to make media more trustworthy — are we using them? There's The Trust Project, International Fact-Checkers Network, and Tech & Check.
Keep reading Show less