Moving Beyond The Traditional 5 Human Senses
It’s time to stop thinking of just five human senses, since neuroscience is revealing we have many more.
Aristotle called them the five “outward wits,” and if you ask most people, they’ll tell you that we have a quintuplet of senses: hearing, sight, smell, touch and taste. They would, in a sense (ahem) be wrong. Neuroscientists, according to British philosopher Barry C. Smith, will give you a number of senses somewhere between 22 and 33. The big thing Aristotle missed, he says, is the way that traditional five interact, creating a variety of additional “outward wits.”
As a philosopher, Smith is proud of the impact Aristotle’s view has had. It’s proof to him that philosophy isn’t just an academic pursuit, but one that’s had a real impact on the way we view our world and reality. On the other hand, this makes it all the more worrisome that, “One of the things we might be learning through neuroscience and its interaction with philosophy is that we’re not as good at knowing about our own experience as we think we are.” With experience so important as a starting point for philosophical thought, it’s past time for a more neurologically informed perspective.
Research in plant neurobiology shows that plants have senses, intelligence and emotions.
- The field of plant neurobiology studies the complex behavior of plants.
- Plants were found to have 15-20 senses, including many like humans.
- Some argue that plants may have awareness and intelligence, while detractors persist.
E-cigarettes may be safer than traditional cigarettes, but they come with their own risks.
- A new study used an MRI machine to examine how vaping e-cigarettes affects users' cardiovascular systems immediately after inhalation.
- The results showed that vaping causes impaired circulation, stiffer arteries and less oxygen in their blood.
- The new study adds to a growing body of research showing that e-cigarettes – while likely safer than traditional cigarettes – are far from harmless.
Since the idea of locality is dead, space itself may not be an aloof vacuum: Something welds things together, even at great distances.
- Realists believe that there is an exactly understandable way the world is — one that describes processes independent of our intervention. Anti-realists, however, believe realism is too ambitious — too hard. They believe we pragmatically describe our interactions with nature — not truths that are independent of us.
- In nature, properties of Particle B may be depend on what we choose to measure or manipulate with Particle A, even at great distances.
- In quantum mechanics, there is no explanation for this. "It just comes out that way," says Smolin. Realists struggle with this because it would imply certain things can travel faster than light, which still seems improbable.