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The Power of Communities in Modern Language Learning
In the near future, foreign language students will interact online with other students around the globe, creating communities for exchanging language skills.
Language learning communities are the fastest growing part of education 2.0, with the three biggest services Babbel, Busuu and Livemocha having between one to eight million users and adding thousands of new users every day.
As they are so popular amongst adults, it might be worth trying to implement similar structures in schools, colleges and universities to strengthen language learning, a subject that often becomes the first victim of budget cuts.
Although every community has its distinct focus in business model and methodology or also design, the keystones are always the same: self paced learning through flashcards and exercises, further explanation of grammar and other language items based on material from renown publishers and, last but not least, practice within the global community.
One of the most difficult challenges to getting kids and young adults to learn a foreign language is to convince them of the necessity of speaking more than one. In Europe it’s easier because pop culture is dominated by English speaking artists and therefore their first foreign language is pretty obvious, even for young people. Of course, the big exceptions are the UK and Ireland, and the same is basically true for every other English speaking country. When the world’s de facto lingua franca is your mother tongue the usefulness of a second language is not that obvious.
Having said that, things change a great deal as soon as come into contact and build a relationship with a non-native English speaker. You suddenly have a reason and motivation to learn a new language. This can be parts of your family living abroad, friends you make during holidays, etc.
What if classes or entire schools were able to learn each others language via a community based platform similar to the successful start-ups we already have on the market? The principle would be the same: learn the basics through self-paced, engaging and fun content. Then, let the students practice with their peers from across the globe, learning Portuguese with a class from Rio de Janeiro, French with a class from Paris, Italian from Rome, and so on and so forth. It sounds as exciting as it actually is. Language would no longer be something abstract whose usefulness might be disguised somewhere in the future due to missing immersion. Instead students would associate language learning with actual people they may even become friends with as well as their country and culture.
However there are currently unsolved downsides to community language learning. One of the biggest problems of language exchange on these virtual communities is the imbalance or lack of understanding and volountariness that the learning process needed to be an equally shared effort between the participants. In almost every case, there are some who just benefit but don’t put in the effort of sharing their native language with the other members, and there are only a few members who put in the work of correcting the exercises and giving advice. (Although I shouldn’t forget to mention that this is also tied to the fact that not everyone is actually able to teach a language, e.g. ideally has a teaching background or a natural talent to teach others.) In the school version one could prevent those problems as the teachers would still be in charge of the lesson development. They would be the ones who decide which of the two languages would be learned when, how long the students would do the asynchronous work, etc.
Another interesting aspect that should be implemented in such a system are rewards and game mechanics. Young adults love to challenge each other in games; therefore, a ranking system with high-scores and badges for good work would be a perfect addition in such a learning environment, keeping the students motivated to learn. This could be based on individual success but also on study groups or even the entire class.
As the system is online, students could meet on the platform outside of the actual lesson to play and work together which could also count as extracurricular activity and therefore have some influence on overall marks and further develop learners' social skills as important assets in our societies.
Last but not least, such a platform would build strong ties between two groups of students that would turn a student exchange between those classes into an even more enriching experience. The participants would already know each other, they would have spoken about all the things they could do together in their cities and thus the online experience would be extended and have an impact into real life. The relationships that would come out of such an intense experience, and therefore the understanding of each others' culture, would be second to none.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Got $55 million lying around? If so, you might be able to score a spot aboard the International Space Station starting 2024.
- NASA awarded a contract to startup Axiom Space to attach a "habitable commercial module" to the International Space Station.
- The project will also include a research and manufacturing module.
- The move is a major step in NASA's years-long push to privatize.
Image: Axiom Space<p>But first, space-tourist-hopefuls would have to pass through physical and medical exams, and 15 weeks of expert training. After that, the trip sounds pretty comfy:</p><p>"There will be wifi," Suffredini <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/09/style/axiom-space-travel.html" target="_blank">told the New York Times</a> last year. "Everybody will be online. They can make phone calls, sleep, look out the window. [...] The few folks that have gone to orbit as tourists, it wasn't really a luxurious experience, it was kind of like camping. [...] Pretty soon we're going to be flying a butler with every crew."</p>
A render of the ISS tourist experience.
Image: Axiom Space<p>In a blog post, NASA wrote:</p><p>"Developing commercial destinations in low-Earth orbit is one of <a href="https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-opens-international-space-station-to-new-commercial-opportunities-private" target="_blank">five elements</a> of NASA's plan to open the International Space Station to new commercial and marketing opportunities. The other elements of the five-point plan include efforts to make station and crew resources available for commercial use through a new commercial use and pricing policy; enable private astronaut missions to the station; seek out and pursue opportunities to stimulate long-term, sustainable demand for these services; and quantify NASA's long-term demand for activities in low-Earth orbit."</p>
NASA's push to privatize the ISS<p>When a Russian rocket launched the first module of the ISS into space in 1998, NASA expected the space station to operate for about 15 years. But the agency has extended the life of the ISS twice, with funding currently set to expire in 2024. NASA spends between $3 and $4 billion per year operating and shuttling astronauts to and from the station. That's a decent chunk of the agency's $22.6 annual budget. What's more, the "major structural elements" of the ISS are certified only through 2028.</p><p>Meanwhile, NASA has been eyeing other projects, namely: putting humans back on the moon in 2024 and establishing a lunar presence. So, to save and redirect money, the agency has been starting to hand over the aging space station to the private sector, which could use it for commercial research and space tourism.</p><p>But some have questioned the move to privatize the ISS, including NASA's own inspector general, Paul K. Martin.</p><p>"An obvious alternative to privatization is to extend current ISS operations," Martin wrote in a <a href="https://oig.nasa.gov/docs/CT-18-001.pdf" target="_blank">2018 report</a>. "An extension to 2028 or beyond would enable NASA to continue critical on-orbit research into human health risks and to demonstrate the technologies that will be required for future missions to the Moon or Mars."</p>
Image: Axiom Space<p>Martin noted that "research into 2 other human health risks and 17 additional technology gaps is not scheduled to be completed until sometime in 2024," meaning that any slip-ups in the process would mean such research might go uncompleted. He also wrote that it's "questionable" whether the private sector could turn a profit on the ISS without "significant" government funding. The Institute for Defense Analyses, a federally funded research and development center, <a href="https://docs.house.gov/meetings/SY/SY00/20180517/108302/HHRG-115-SY00-Wstate-LalB-20180517.pdf" target="_blank">also found</a> that it "is unlikely that a commercially owned and operated space station will be economically viable by 2025."</p><p>The implication is that, if the ISS is handed over to the private sector, taxpayers could end up indirectly supporting space tourism for the ultra-rich. Whether that's worth any of the research benefits that might come from the ISS post-2024 is anybody's guess.</p><p>As the ISS enters its final years, China <a href="http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-10/17/c_138479514.htm" target="_blank">plans</a> to complete construction of a manned space station in 2022.</p>
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Crisis times tend to increase self-centered acts.
Paul Krugman on the Virtues of Selfishness<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="7ZtAkm6C" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="828936bf6953080e9018307354c0c02b"> <div id="botr_7ZtAkm6C_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/7ZtAkm6C-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/7ZtAkm6C-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/7ZtAkm6C-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div> The Nobel Prize-winning economist on the virtues of selfishness.
Evolution Is Moving Us Away from Selfishness. But Where Is It Taking ...<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="cyeqmYCb" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="6c5efecb56456e9acc25cf36935b1826"> <div id="botr_cyeqmYCb_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/cyeqmYCb-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/cyeqmYCb-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/cyeqmYCb-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div>
Exploring Morality and Selfishness in Modern Times<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="02eX1Cag" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="45cc6180db791f32683988fb52faff26"> <div id="botr_02eX1Cag_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/02eX1Cag-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/02eX1Cag-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/02eX1Cag-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div> Philosopher Peter Singer discusses the state of global ethics.
Parenting could be a distraction from what mattered most to him: his writing.
Ernest Hemingway was affectionately called “Papa," but what kind of dad was he?