Why be buried or cremated when you could become a tree?

You can become a tree or even the soil supporting it.

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  • Recomposition is the process of turning human bodies into soil.
  • Recompose founder Katrina Spade dreamed up her company after learning about livestock being composted.
  • Washington might be the first state in the nation to legally add this as a viable option for the deceased.

Funerals are rarely joyous occasions. This is a matter of culture, not an unalterable fact of death. The ceremony, as presented in America, is mostly an opportunity for the living to contemplate their own mortality. Our common burial ritual—somber, sober, quiet—rarely inspires relatives and friends to honor the deceased as much as mull over their eventual end.

Yet funerals are perfect opportunities to pay tribute to those who are gone in an inspiring manner. Millions of people in Jamaica (and hundreds of millions around the world) were shocked when Bob Marley passed at age 36. Sure, there was introspection and sadness, but the ceremony was, as the video below shows, filled with singing, dancing, and positive vibrations, which is exactly what Bob would have wanted from such an affair.

Most of us will not influence the world like Marley, but that does not mean we cannot have a positive impact on the planet we leave behind. In fact, regardless of what happens to our body, burial or cremation, we will fertilize the earth in some capacity. Best to do it in the most eco-friendly manner possible.

Enter recomposting. Instead of purchasing an overpriced casket and paying ludicrous amounts for services—the American funeral industry is currently valued at $20.7 billion—recomposition involves converting organic human remains into soil. We've known about turning our bodies into trees for some time; recomposition is the soil in which tree urns are planted.

This movement is being led by Katrina Spade, who founded the Seattle-based organization, Recompose. She first envisioned her organization after a friend introduced her to the process of recomposting livestock after they die:

It was like a lightbulb went off and I started to envision a system that uses the same principles as mortality composting … that would be meaningful and appropriate for human beings.

The recomposition process is not entirely dissimilar to how you compost organic materials at home:

The process utilizes a 5-foot-by-10-foot pod full of organic "tinder" such as straw and wood chips. Thermophilic or heat-loving microbes then metabolize the remains, maintaining an internal temperature of 131 degrees Fahrenheit within the vessel. The entire ritual takes one month, and produces a cubic yard of compost, according to Recompose.

If this sounds like a pipe dream for environmentalists, at least one legislator is taking it seriously. Democratic Washington state senator Jamie Pedersen is introducing a bill this month to make recomposting a viable choice. In fact, choice is what inspired Pedersen to introduce this bill in 2017. As he said at the time:

People from all over the state who wrote to me are very excited about the prospect of becoming a tree or having a different alternative for themselves.

Sadly, his 2017 bill was blocked by religious groups. Such arguments are odd, indicative of humans believing we're "above" or "separate" from the earth. This mindset is a leading driver of climate change (and not ironically, the traditional funeral process adds carbon to the atmosphere): we believe we have dominion over the earth, unsustainably exhausting its resources at every opportunity.

green plant in dry red earth, drought, new life

Photo: paul mocan / Unsplash

As soil researcher Lynne Carpenter Boggs, who has worked with Recompose on this project, says:

The advantage that I see as a soil scientist and an environmental scientist is that it is relatively low in resource use and it also creates this soil-like or compost-like product that helps to store carbon.

Recomposition is not only a more sustainable way to die, it's also a more spiritual process than sealing off bodies inside of boxes. As Alan Watts once proclaimed, we were not born into this world, but grew up out of it. Turning our organs and flesh into soil is a beautiful way to return to that which gave us life.

Not everyone is eligible for recomposition, however. If you die from certain infections, such as Anthrax, you will not be a candidate. Likewise artificial body parts, such as replaced hips or pacemakers, will keep you (or part of you) from becoming soil. Recompose is currently setting pricing (a previous estimate was $5,500, below the average traditional burial at $7,000) and defining limitations as it perfects its process.

With the Washington state Senate now under Democratic control, Pedersen believes his bill will pass later this month. Though Governor Jay Inslee has not commented on the topic, if the bill was to make its way through the legislative process, it would kick into gear on May 1, 2020.

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Stay in touch with Derek on Twitter and Facebook.

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Photo: Luisa Conlon , Lacy Roberts and Hanna Miller / Global Oneness Project
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It looks like a busy hurricane season ahead. Probably.

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Surprising Science
  • Before the hurricane season even started in 2020, Arthur and Bertha had already blown through, and Cristobal may be brewing right now.
  • Weather forecasters see signs of a rough season ahead, with just a couple of reasons why maybe not.
  • Where's an El Niño when you need one?

Welcome to Hurricane Season 2020. 2020, of course, scoffs at this calendric event much as it has everything else that's normal — meteorologists have already used up the year's A and B storm names before we even got here. And while early storms don't necessarily mean a bruising season ahead, forecasters expect an active season this year. Maybe storms will blow away the murder hornets and 13-year locusts we had planned.

NOAA expects a busy season

According to NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, an agency of the National Weather Service, there's a 60 percent chance that we're embarking upon a season with more storms than normal. There does, however, remain a 30 percent it'll be normal. Better than usual? Unlikely: Just a 10 percent chance.

Where a normal hurricane season has an average of 12 named storms, 6 of which become hurricanes and 3 of which are major hurricanes, the Climate Prediction Center reckons we're on track for 13 to 29 storms, 6 to 10 of which will become hurricanes, and 3 to 6 of these will be category 3, 4, or 5, packing winds of 111 mph or higher.

What has forecasters concerned are two factors in particular.

This year's El Niño ("Little Boy") looks to be more of a La Niña ("Little Girl"). The two conditions are part of what's called the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle, which describes temperature fluctuations between the ocean and atmosphere in the east-central Equatorial Pacific. With an El Niño, waters in the Pacific are unusually warm, whereas a La Niña means unusually cool waters. NOAA says that an El Niño can suppress hurricane formation in the Atlantic, and this year that mitigating effect is unlikely to be present.

Second, current conditions in the Atlantic and Caribbean suggest a fertile hurricane environment:

  • The ocean there is warmer than usual.
  • There's reduced vertical wind shear.
  • Atlantic tropical trade winds are weak.
  • There have been strong West African monsoons this year.

Here's NOAA's video laying out their forecast:

But wait.

ArsTechnica spoke to hurricane scientist Phil Klotzbach, who agrees generally with NOAA, saying, "All in all, signs are certainly pointing towards an active season." Still, he notes a couple of signals that contradict that worrying outlook.

First off, Klotzbach notes that the surest sign of a rough hurricane season is when its earliest storms form in the deep tropics south of 25°N and east of the Lesser Antilles. "When you get storm formations here prior to June 1, it's typically a harbinger of an extremely active season." Fortunately, this year's hurricanes Arthur and Bertha, as well as the maybe-imminent Cristobal, formed outside this region. So there's that.

Second, Klotzbach notes that the correlation between early storm activity and a season's number of storms and intensities, is actually slightly negative. So while statistical connections aren't strongly predictive, there's at least some reason to think these early storms may augur an easy season ahead.

Image source: NOAA

Batten down the hatches early

If 2020's taught us anything, it's how to juggle multiple crises at once, and layering an active hurricane season on top of SARS-CoV-2 — not to mention everything else — poses a special challenge. Warns Treasury Secretary Wilbur Ross, "As Americans focus their attention on a safe and healthy reopening of our country, it remains critically important that we also remember to make the necessary preparations for the upcoming hurricane season." If, as many medical experts expect, we're forced back into quarantine by additional coronavirus waves, the oceanic waves slamming against our shores will best be met by storm preparations put in place in a less last-minute fashion than usual.

Ross adds, "Just as in years past, NOAA experts will stay ahead of developing hurricanes and tropical storms and provide the forecasts and warnings we depend on to stay safe."

Let's hope this, at least, can be counted on in this crazy year.

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