Learning to Hide the Exposition
Margaret Atwood is a Canadian novelist, poet, and essayist. She is best known for her novels, in which she creates strong, often enigmatic, women characters and excels in telling open-ended stories, while dissecting contemporary urban life and sexual politics. She is among the most-honored authors of fiction in recent history. In addition to the Arthur C. Clark Award-winning "The Handmaid’s Tale," her novels include "Cat’s Eye," which was shortlisted for the Booker Prize, "Alias Grace," which won the Giller Prize in Canada and the Premio Mondello in Italy, and "The Blind Assassin," winner of the 2000 Booker Prize. "Oryx and Crake" was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize in 2003. She was awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize for Literature in 2008. Her most recent novel is "The Year of the Flood."
Question: What is the hardest part about writing fiction?
Margaret Atwood: The hardest part about writing fiction is the part that you know that you have to put in that is expository. You know, you have to get... it’s like the parts in a stage play where you have to get the characters on and off the stage. So you have to think of some reason why they’re now going to walk off the stage. And then you have to make sure that the timing is right to enable them to get off the stage. So the parts of the novel are the parts when you know there’s stuff the reader has to know, but it’s not very interesting stuff for you to write. Those are the parts that I don’t like and if you’re competent enough, they won’t be able to tell which those parts are, we hope. We’re always hoping. We’re always hoping that the hard parts won’t be found out, if you like.
The other hard part, of course, is when you’ve written a spectacular passage with all kinds of wonderful worlds in it and it’s just great, but it doesn’t fit and you have to take it out. Too bad.
Question: Do you write poetry as well as to prose because one is better suited for exploring certain topics than the other?
Margaret Atwood: I write both because nobody every told me not to do it. Whereas I understand for people who go to creative writing schools and things they’re told they really should specialize in one or the other, but since I never did that, I’m too old to have done that, it never occurred to me that I shouldn’t be writing whatever I felt like writing.
That said, I think it is partly a matter of wavelengths. That is, in a poem, everything is very condensed so the waves are very short. The things that are being rhythmically connected are quite close together. In a short story, they’re a bit further apart, and in a novel, the waves can be like that, and something that you set up on page 100 and reprise on page 200 may not actually culminate until page 300. So it’s different from line four reprising line one and then connecting with line eight. Poems are very condensed, lyric poems. If you’re writing a long narrative poem, that’s different. It’s more like a novel.
So that’s about all I can tell you about that except that the structure is different because of length. And obviously in a novel you have a lot more time. In fact, novels are about time. Whereas lyric poems are not necessarily about time; novels are always about time. You have a lot more time to develop people’s characters and take them through changes. Novels are about change.
Interviewed by Max Miller
Authors are always trying to disguise which parts of the novel were most difficult to write. For Atwood those parts are always the exposition, she says.
Here's the science of black holes, from supermassive monsters to ones the size of ping-pong balls.
- There's more than one way to make a black hole, says NASA's Michelle Thaller. They're not always formed from dead stars. For example, there are teeny tiny black holes all around us, the result of high-energy cosmic rays slamming into our atmosphere with enough force to cram matter together so densely that no light can escape.
- CERN is trying to create artificial black holes right now, but don't worry, it's not dangerous. Scientists there are attempting to smash two particles together with such intensity that it creates a black hole that would live for just a millionth of a second.
- Thaller uses a brilliant analogy involving a rubber sheet, a marble, and an elephant to explain why different black holes have varying densities. Watch and learn!
- Bonus fact: If the Earth became a black hole, it would be crushed to the size of a ping-pong ball.
Protected animals are feared to be headed for the black market.
In a breakthrough for nuclear fusion research, scientists at China's Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) reactor have produced temperatures necessary for nuclear fusion on Earth.
- The EAST reactor was able to heat hydrogen to temperatures exceeding 100 million degrees Celsius.
- Nuclear fusion could someday provide the planet with a virtually limitless supply of clean energy.
- Still, scientists have many other obstacles to pass before fusion technology becomes a viable energy source.
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