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All That Hype About 'The Cloud'? It Was Hype.
Jim Whitehurst, CEO of Red Hat, explains how the cloud is evolving in a way few anticipated.
Jim Whitehurst is the CEO of Red Hat, the largest open source software company in the world. When Jim joined the company, he became enamored with how open source was disrupting the world of traditional proprietary software. In his time there, he has become more than just a believer in the power of open source software. Now, he's an outspoken advocate for opening up nonproprietary data and technology of all kinds. Jim's 2015 book The Open Organization takes the transformative effects of openness from the community, through the technology, and into the organization at the deepest and highest levels. Jim believes openness must be pervasive to be effective. Before joining Red Hat, Jim held various positions at Delta Air Lines, most recently as chief operating officer. Prior to joining Delta, Whitehurst served as a partner at The Boston Consulting Group (BCG).
Jim Whitehurst: Cloud computing is developing in a way I think very few of us expected. You know when the concepts of cloud computing first developed, we saw them as very different than the traditional data center. So it’s like Amazon and Google and Rackspace, you know, building these data centers away and you could buy elastic compute, et cetera, et cetera. And then you have the traditional data center. And so there’s been an ongoing dialogue for the last several years: Well when are people going to move to the cloud? Is that going to be the predominant model? What I think we’re actually finding now is those models are converging. There is going to be no is this a cloud application? Is this something that’s in a traditional data center? And a lot of exciting things happening about how applications are being built and deployed around containers and elasticity on premise. And you talk about a lot of those things, but fundamentally what we’re seeing is a hybrid model developing. The largest companies that I talk to — so very, very large companies will typically say, "I like public cloud to do development test or applications that I don’t know what their initial demands is going to be and let them burst out for a while and they may get small again and I may want to tear them down." And they like public cloud for that because it’s easy to pull up new compute network storage power; it’s easy to scale; it’s easy to pull it down.
But what I also hear from those same large enterprises: "Wow, once that application’s up and running and have a sense of, you know, how much compute resources is going to require and I have a good sense of is that going to vary much? It’s much cheaper to run a more traditional data center." So I think the big problem now that people are struggling with with containers and other technologies is how do I build an application portfolio that may run in the cloud, but may also run in a very traditional data center. And how do you build a structure — they had to build applications that can run across those models, but also to monitor and manage them and decide when is this more appropriate to run a public cloud and when is it more appropriate to run in a private cloud or in a traditional infrastructure? So I think the whole bifurcation of cloud versus not — what we’re finding is it’s all one thing. It’s a continuum and people are in different places on that continuum even with different applications in the same portfolio of applications in the same enterprise IT shop.
For years, the cloud was expected to become the dominant model for applications, overtaking traditional data centers, but Jim Whitehurst, CEO of Red Hat, explains that this just isn't so. Instead, the cloud has become just one part of a larger system, which comprises private data centers as well as public and private clouds. A lot of this evolution has to do with the development progress: Public clouds are just easier to scale, build, and tear down. But private data centers are cheaper to run. So, we're seeing this convergence of applications that are built to live across these spaces. "It’s a continuum," he says, "and people are in different places on that continuum even with different applications in the same portfolio of applications in the same enterprise IT shop." Whitehurst has written his first book titled The Open Organization: Igniting Passion and Performance.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.
Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.
Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Times of crisis tend to increase self-centered acts.