How has globalization changed the way we eat?
David Chang is a Korean-American chef who is known for his unique combination of Asian food and French technique. After graduating Trinity College, Chang worked briefly in the financial services before embarking upon his career as a chef. Chang attended the French Culinary Institute and opened his first restaurant, Momofuku Noodle Bar, in Manhattan's East Village in 2003. Momofuku proved a resounding success; food critics as well as customers loved the restaurant's signature dishes, such as the Asian burrito and the kimchi and pork consomme.
In 2006, Chang opened his a second restaurant, Momofuku Ssam Bar. Chang was honored as both GQ and Bon Appetit's 2007 Chef of the Year. Chang is unapologetic about his food. "We do not serve vegetarian-friendly items," Chang has said. "Vegetarians are a pain in the ass as customers."
Question: How has globalization changed the way we eat?
David Chang: Now it’s like the joke is, I don’t have white asparagus, but it’s white asparagus season somewhere right? And you can get anything, anywhere, all the time, and that’s sort of weird and awesome. But that defeats the purpose of sustainability and stuff like that. But the notion of sustainability, at least in New York City, is completely overrated because we’re not going to be able to feed anybody if we only have to cook in a 25 mile radius. You could.
I think there’s a restaurant in near Copenhagen called Noma, and they only use produce within a 25 mile radius. And it’s supposedly awesome. That’s a restaurant I’d definitely want to go to.
But in a lot of ways, it’s not feasible at all. And I’m not trying to be a pragmatist or anything, but it needs to work at the same time.
Question: What are the drawbacks?
David Chang: It’s the same place everywhere. You can get anything all the time. Maybe the freshness might not be as perfect, or the fish might not be as pristine; but there’s something nice about going to another country or another part of the world and getting something that’s only specifically there.
Globalization has been awesome because we can get our hands on different product now. But I want to eat oranges in the right season. I want to eat plums in the right season. I want to eat strawberries when they’re perfectly ripe.
I think the biggest thing you can see is tomatoes. I don’t want to see a tomato that’s not in season. It shouldn’t be on hamburgers everywhere. They’re disgusting. They really are.
And the sort of greenhouse tomato that is commercially produced, it’s great but it’s a waste because it’s disgusting. It’s probably better to eat it at the right time.
But again that’s hard now because globalization; you can get a tomato at anytime that’s been properly raised. Or not even properly raised; that’s in season and it’s ripe.
I don’t know.
Its white asparagus season somewhere, right?
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It turns out, that tattoo ink can travel throughout your body and settle in lymph nodes.
In the slightly macabre experiment to find out where tattoo ink travels to in the body, French and German researchers recently used synchrotron X-ray fluorescence in four "inked" human cadavers — as well as one without. The results of their 2017 study? Some of the tattoo ink apparently settled in lymph nodes.
Image from the study.
As the authors explain in the study — they hail from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, and the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment — it would have been unethical to test this on live animals since those creatures would not be able to give permission to be tattooed.
Because of the prevalence of tattoos these days, the researchers wanted to find out if the ink could be harmful in some way.
"The increasing prevalence of tattoos provoked safety concerns with respect to particle distribution and effects inside the human body," they write.
It works like this: Since lymph nodes filter lymph, which is the fluid that carries white blood cells throughout the body in an effort to fight infections that are encountered, that is where some of the ink particles collect.
Image by authors of the study.
Titanium dioxide appears to be the thing that travels. It's a white tattoo ink pigment that's mixed with other colors all the time to control shades.
The study's authors will keep working on this in the meantime.
“In future experiments we will also look into the pigment and heavy metal burden of other, more distant internal organs and tissues in order to track any possible bio-distribution of tattoo ink ingredients throughout the body. The outcome of these investigations not only will be helpful in the assessment of the health risks associated with tattooing but also in the judgment of other exposures such as, e.g., the entrance of TiO2 nanoparticles present in cosmetics at the site of damaged skin."
It's one of the most consistent patterns in the unviverse. What causes it?
- Spinning discs are everywhere – just look at our solar system, the rings of Saturn, and all the spiral galaxies in the universe.
- Spinning discs are the result of two things: The force of gravity and a phenomenon in physics called the conservation of angular momentum.
- Gravity brings matter together; the closer the matter gets, the more it accelerates – much like an ice skater who spins faster and faster the closer their arms get to their body. Then, this spinning cloud collapses due to up and down and diagonal collisions that cancel each other out until the only motion they have in common is the spin – and voila: A flat disc.
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