Exposing the Real Mike Huckabee
My name is Gabriel Sherman. I am a contributing editor at New York Magazine and a special correspondent for the New Republic. Previously, I was a staff writer at Conde Nast Portfolio. Prior to 2006, I was the media reporter at the New York Observer, where I reported extensively on the internal newsroom fights that roiled the New York Times, including the paper’s flawed coverage of Saddam Hussein’s Weapons of Mass Destruction and the decision to delay publishing its NSA wiretapping exclusive for more than a year. I reported extensively on Judith Miller’s fight with Times editors and reporters, and ultimately sat down for her first interview on the eve of her resignation from the paper.
I have served as a media commentator on CNN, MSNBC and National Public Radio, any my journalism has appeared in the New York Times, the Guardian, Slate, the Atlantic, Wired, Outside Magazine and National Geographic Adventure, among other publications. A competitive runner, I have run six marathons and I finished the 2003 New York City Marathon in 2:56:29. I have also run up the stairs of the Empire State Building in 13:26.
Gabriel Sherman: That piece originated from talking with Frank Foer editor of the New Republic. And we were talking and Huckabee’s ascendance in the polls was fueled a lot by his image in the national press as a genial, fun loving, guitar playing governor. You know he was famous for running a marathon and losing all this weight. And most people if you asked them on the street, the general sense would be that this is a pretty easy going guy – which contrasted with his reputation and legacy as governor in the 1990s in Arkansas.
The Arkansas press core had long experienced feuding with him and really seeing the other side of his temper. And so the piece just originated from seeing his portrait as a national figure compared with his . . . his reputation as a local politician, and just sort of seeing the disparity there, and trying to fill in . . . fill in the gaps a little bit between his national image and his local one.
Gabriel Sherman: I mean it was a pretty straightforward process. I mean a lot of it was talking to reporters who covered him. And the other dynamic of the story that’s interesting is that when you have reporters who know someone so well and they’ve covered him for years as a local candidate and a local official, that they oftentimes know him on a much different level than the national press core who sort of parachutes in once he’s become a viable contender.
And so these guys down in Arkansas were just scratching their heads, because the guy that they’re reading about on the cover of the New York Times magazine or the cover of Newsweek was not the governor that they knew from Arkansas. So I think a lot of it was that they were just happy to talk about the governor that they knew. And these private letters were a pretty humorous example of his temper.
Gabriel Sherman: The letters were written to a newspaper editor named Max Brantley, and they were distinguished for their attention to detail. And Huckabee really wanted Brantley to know that he didn’t leave any stone unturned in his animosity for him. The funny thing is you realize that one would think a a state governor would be busy enough that he really wouldn’t sweat the small stuff and the minutia that sometimes happens in the press’ coverage of him. But he just had a whole litany of grudges against Brantley that he expounded on in these letters.
Question: How did Huckabee react?
Gabriel Sherman:I hounded them. And as the piece was closing his spokeswoman issued a statement that was unrepentant. And Huckabee . . . It was funny because it was one of the few times as a national candidate he flashed some of his temper from his Arkansas days. And they basically their point was that these were just some disgruntled Arkansas reporters who were just trying to interject themselves into the process.
Recorded on: February 8, 2008
Sherman looked at the differences in Huckabee's portrayals as a local politician and a national contender.
It's just the current cycle that involves opiates, but methamphetamine, cocaine, and others have caused the trajectory of overdoses to head the same direction
- It appears that overdoses are increasing exponentially, no matter the drug itself
- If the study bears out, it means that even reducing opiates will not slow the trajectory.
- The causes of these trends remain obscure, but near the end of the write-up about the study, a hint might be apparent
Through computationally intensive computer simulations, researchers have discovered that "nuclear pasta," found in the crusts of neutron stars, is the strongest material in the universe.
- The strongest material in the universe may be the whimsically named "nuclear pasta."
- You can find this substance in the crust of neutron stars.
- This amazing material is super-dense, and is 10 billion times harder to break than steel.
Superman is known as the "Man of Steel" for his strength and indestructibility. But the discovery of a new material that's 10 billion times harder to break than steel begs the question—is it time for a new superhero known as "Nuclear Pasta"? That's the name of the substance that a team of researchers thinks is the strongest known material in the universe.
Unlike humans, when stars reach a certain age, they do not just wither and die, but they explode, collapsing into a mass of neurons. The resulting space entity, known as a neutron star, is incredibly dense. So much so that previous research showed that the surface of a such a star would feature amazingly strong material. The new research, which involved the largest-ever computer simulations of a neutron star's crust, proposes that "nuclear pasta," the material just under the surface, is actually stronger.
The competition between forces from protons and neutrons inside a neutron star create super-dense shapes that look like long cylinders or flat planes, referred to as "spaghetti" and "lasagna," respectively. That's also where we get the overall name of nuclear pasta.
Caplan & Horowitz/arXiv
Diagrams illustrating the different types of so-called nuclear pasta.
The researchers' computer simulations needed 2 million hours of processor time before completion, which would be, according to a press release from McGill University, "the equivalent of 250 years on a laptop with a single good GPU." Fortunately, the researchers had access to a supercomputer, although it still took a couple of years. The scientists' simulations consisted of stretching and deforming the nuclear pasta to see how it behaved and what it would take to break it.
While they were able to discover just how strong nuclear pasta seems to be, no one is holding their breath that we'll be sending out missions to mine this substance any time soon. Instead, the discovery has other significant applications.
One of the study's co-authors, Matthew Caplan, a postdoctoral research fellow at McGill University, said the neutron stars would be "a hundred trillion times denser than anything on earth." Understanding what's inside them would be valuable for astronomers because now only the outer layer of such starts can be observed.
"A lot of interesting physics is going on here under extreme conditions and so understanding the physical properties of a neutron star is a way for scientists to test their theories and models," Caplan added. "With this result, many problems need to be revisited. How large a mountain can you build on a neutron star before the crust breaks and it collapses? What will it look like? And most importantly, how can astronomers observe it?"
Another possibility worth studying is that, due to its instability, nuclear pasta might generate gravitational waves. It may be possible to observe them at some point here on Earth by utilizing very sensitive equipment.
The team of scientists also included A. S. Schneider from California Institute of Technology and C. J. Horowitz from Indiana University.
Check out the study "The elasticity of nuclear pasta," published in Physical Review Letters.
Scientists think constructing a miles-long wall along an ice shelf in Antarctica could help protect the world's largest glacier from melting.
- Rising ocean levels are a serious threat to coastal regions around the globe.
- Scientists have proposed large-scale geoengineering projects that would prevent ice shelves from melting.
- The most successful solution proposed would be a miles-long, incredibly tall underwater wall at the edge of the ice shelves.
The world's oceans will rise significantly over the next century if the massive ice shelves connected to Antarctica begin to fail as a result of global warming.
To prevent or hold off such a catastrophe, a team of scientists recently proposed a radical plan: build underwater walls that would either support the ice or protect it from warm waters.
In a paper published in The Cryosphere, Michael Wolovick and John Moore from Princeton and the Beijing Normal University, respectively, outlined several "targeted geoengineering" solutions that could help prevent the melting of western Antarctica's Florida-sized Thwaites Glacier, whose melting waters are projected to be the largest source of sea-level rise in the foreseeable future.
An "unthinkable" engineering project
"If [glacial geoengineering] works there then we would expect it to work on less challenging glaciers as well," the authors wrote in the study.
One approach involves using sand or gravel to build artificial mounds on the seafloor that would help support the glacier and hopefully allow it to regrow. In another strategy, an underwater wall would be built to prevent warm waters from eating away at the glacier's base.
The most effective design, according to the team's computer simulations, would be a miles-long and very tall wall, or "artificial sill," that serves as a "continuous barrier" across the length of the glacier, providing it both physical support and protection from warm waters. Although the study authors suggested this option is currently beyond any engineering feat humans have attempted, it was shown to be the most effective solution in preventing the glacier from collapsing.
Source: Wolovick et al.
An example of the proposed geoengineering project. By blocking off the warm water that would otherwise eat away at the glacier's base, further sea level rise might be preventable.
But other, more feasible options could also be effective. For example, building a smaller wall that blocks about 50% of warm water from reaching the glacier would have about a 70% chance of preventing a runaway collapse, while constructing a series of isolated, 1,000-foot-tall columns on the seafloor as supports had about a 30% chance of success.
Still, the authors note that the frigid waters of the Antarctica present unprecedently challenging conditions for such an ambitious geoengineering project. They were also sure to caution that their encouraging results shouldn't be seen as reasons to neglect other measures that would cut global emissions or otherwise combat climate change.
"There are dishonest elements of society that will try to use our research to argue against the necessity of emissions' reductions. Our research does not in any way support that interpretation," they wrote.
"The more carbon we emit, the less likely it becomes that the ice sheets will survive in the long term at anything close to their present volume."
A 2015 report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine illustrates the potentially devastating effects of ice-shelf melting in western Antarctica.
"As the oceans and atmosphere warm, melting of ice shelves in key areas around the edges of the Antarctic ice sheet could trigger a runaway collapse process known as Marine Ice Sheet Instability. If this were to occur, the collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) could potentially contribute 2 to 4 meters (6.5 to 13 feet) of global sea level rise within just a few centuries."
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