Question: Where are you from?
Joel Klein: I was actually born in the Bronx right after the Second World War. My father had just come back from the war and married my mother. Then, before I remember, we moved to Brooklyn, right across the street from my mother’s parents. And when I was about seven or eight, we moved to Queens, which is really where I consider having grown up.
I grew up in public housing in Queens, and grew up in the streets of New York. I always like to think of myself as a kid from the streets, and education changed my life.
My father had dropped out of high school in the 10th grade during the great depression. My mother graduated from high school and never went to college.
But education in Astoria really changed my life. I like to describe it that basically I stood on the shoulders of teachers to see a world that I couldn’t have seen growing up in the family that I grew up in.
Recorded on: March 30, 2008
From the Bronx to Brooklyn with education as a life line.
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Research by neuroscientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory helps explain how the brain regulates arousal.
The big day has come: You are taking your road test to get your driver's license. As you start your mom's car with a stern-faced evaluator in the passenger seat, you know you'll need to be alert but not so excited that you make mistakes. Even if you are simultaneously sleep-deprived and full of nervous energy, you need your brain to moderate your level of arousal so that you do your best.
A disturbing interview given by a KGB defector in 1984 describes America of today and outlines four stages of mass brainwashing used by the KGB.
- Bezmenov described this process as "a great brainwashing" which has four basic stages.
- The first stage is called "demoralization" which takes from 15 to 20 years to achieve.
- According to the former KGB agent, that is the minimum number of years it takes to re-educate one generation of students that is normally exposed to the ideology of its country.
When these companies compete, in the current system, the people lose.
- When a company reaches the top of the ladder, they typically kick it away so that others cannot climb up on it. The aim? So that another company can't compete.
- When this happens in the pharmaceutical world, certain companies stay at the top of the ladder, through broadly-protected patents, at the cost of everyday people benefitting from increased competition.
- Since companies have worked out how to legally game the system, Amin argues we need to get rid of this "one size fits all" system, which treats product innovation — "tweaks" — the same as product invention.
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