Alaa Al Aswany on Anti-Semitism
al Aswany: I must tell you that, in Egypt, for example, Jews or the Jewish Egyptians were very, very accepted. They’re very prominent, and I will give you some quick examples. The assistant of our great leader of 1919 revolution, Saad Zaghlul, who was our great leader who made the revolution against the British occupation. His assistant was a Jewish Egyptian. Some of the founders of the Egyptian economies were, and that was our way to fight back against the English occupation, to have our own university and our own economy and our own banks were Jewish families, you see. It was, even some of the very, very famous movie stars in Egypt of the ‘40s were Jews, you see, and it was not even accepted to identify Egyptians according to their religion. That was totally impolite to say or even to [refer] that somebody is Jew or Christian, you see. They were Egyptians like any other Egyptians who happen to be Jews, like Egyptians who happen to be Christians or Muslims. So, we had our very, very great, positive experience about Jews, with Jews and the problem with us was not with Jews. The problem was Israel, you see? And it is very dangerous to confuse the two concepts. I would say that some people in Israel feel very comfortable to confuse, to mix up the two concepts in the sense that if you are critical against some Israeli policies, so, accordingly, you are against Jews, and this is terribly wrong, terribly wrong, you see, because I am, I believe that I am very critical against the Saudi regime, and I believe it’s a terrible regime, but this does not mean that I’m against all Arabs or all Muslims. So, I think that we never had, we never had really a problem or a discrimination against Jews in the whole Arab history.
Author Alaa Al Aswany says problems in Egypt arose with Israel, not with the Jews.
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Research by neuroscientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory helps explain how the brain regulates arousal.
The big day has come: You are taking your road test to get your driver's license. As you start your mom's car with a stern-faced evaluator in the passenger seat, you know you'll need to be alert but not so excited that you make mistakes. Even if you are simultaneously sleep-deprived and full of nervous energy, you need your brain to moderate your level of arousal so that you do your best.
- Bezmenov described this process as "a great brainwashing" which has four basic stages.
- The first stage is called "demoralization" which takes from 15 to 20 years to achieve.
When these companies compete, the people lose.
- When a company reaches the top of the ladder, they typically kick it away so that others cannot climb up on it. The aim? So that another company can't compete.
- When this phenomenon happens in the pharmaceutical world, companies quickly apply for broad protection of their patents, which can last up to 20 years, and fence off research areas for others. The result of this? They stay at the top of the ladder, at the cost of everyday people benefitting from increased competition.
- Since companies have worked out how to legally game the system, Amin argues we need to get rid of this "one size fits all" system, which treats product innovation the same as product invention. Companies should still receive an incentive for coming up with new products, he says, but not 20 years if the product is the result of "tweaking" an existing one.
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