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How to Deal With the Police
Eric Sanders, an active participant in Occupy Wall Street, offers advice to protesters for maintaining peaceful relations with the police.
Do not show up at a rally or protest drunk.
This should go without saying. It doesn’t. I have seen people drunk at rallies. These people are often the ones getting up in police officers’ faces and poking their fingers at them. Police, just like all human beings, generally don’t like people with liquor on their breath waving their hands in their faces and speaking disrespectfully to them. The best way to ensure this doesn’t happen is to not drink alcohol before or during a rally.
Do not verbally taunt or threaten the police and do not make signs that do so.
You may think your “Fuck the NYPD” or “New York’s Swinest” sign is clever and inspired, but it is not only totally unhelpful to the greater cause, it also engenders an environment of hostility and fear between police officers and protesters. This is the absolute last thing the Occupy Wall Street movement -- or any non-violent movement -- needs. Stating your grievances factually and without misguided anger goes a long way towards helping police feel at ease in your presence. For example, there is a big difference between a sign that says “Remember Sean Bell” and “Fuck the NYPD.”
Speak to the police as you would a teacher or doctor.
Do not call police officers “bro” or “dude,” but instead “officer.” Showing them courtesy and that you are not hostile to them will significantly diffuse any tension or anxiety they have about protesters. In addition, showing them respect means they are much more likely to listen to you, make eye contact, and engage you in conversation, answer your questions, or help you if they feel they are able to. Also, do not use curses or foul language in your interactions with police officers; doing so only makes you seem course and rude, which will ensure that the police are less likely to listen to what you are saying and instead focus on how you are saying it.
Don’t panic when the police don’t address you right away.
Sometimes at marches and rallies the police seem to just stand there and not look at you in the eye. This is not an excuse to taunt them, wave your hands in their faces, or shout at them angrily. Be patient and make eye contact, smile, and eventually if the situation permits you will be able to engage in a small but respectful conversation with certain officers. Only at this time, once a human relationship has been established, will you be able to communicate as two people in a shared situation instead of just as a cop and a protester.
Don’t disobey orders unless you are calm and prepared to be arrested.
Angrily disobeying orders and flaunting police officers’ authority is the surest way to make them angry and to ensure that they will become more hostile towards you and the movement. If a police officer asks you to do something, such as move to the sidewalk, and it is at all possible to comply, please do so. This shows that you are not totally unwilling to cooperate, which helps them feel that their jobs are easier and that you are not a complete threat to them. Acting out of anger or a feeling of defiance will always backfire for you and everyone else. However, if a police officer asks you to do something that is completely impossible or antithetical to your beliefs, you can courteously refuse to do so (i.e. “I’m sorry, officer, but I am going to continue standing here”) and let the officer know why you are making this decision. Then you can prepare yourself to be confronted and potentially arrested. However, even at this time there is no benefit in becoming angry or fighting back. Remember, it only counts as civil disobedience if you remain civil.
Don’t use hyperbole when voicing your complaints.
If you are surrounded by police and barricades are put up on all sides, instead of screaming “You’re holding us hostage!” or “You can’t do this!”, recognize that you are not, in fact, being held hostage (there is a difference between being held hostage and being temporarily detained) and they can in fact do this (since they are). In this way, by taking a moment to think through the situation realistically instead of panicking and screaming out your most extreme thoughts, you will be able to address the situation at hand in an appropriate manner. Of course, you should feel free to kindly ask an officer “why are you putting up pens?” -- and you may or may not get a helpful reply -- but when protesters shout hyperbolic, exaggerated slogans out of fear it creates an environment where police officers view us as delusional and paranoid. This, in turn, makes them more afraid of us -- since we are so afraid and capable of anything, in their eyes -- and creates a situation where the police feel on edge instead of like they are dealing with sane people. If we stay calm and treat the police as if they are calm, generally more of us will stay calm and fewer negative, confrontational situations will arise.
Compliment the police when they are doing a good job.
If a police officer helps you out at a protest, clears the street for you, or is considerate, let them know and thank them for doing a good job. Everyone responds well to positive feedback, and police are no different. If you let them know hat you can see some good things they do, they will feel that you are not completely against them, and they will feel much more comfortable and less threatened by you. When a rally is over and you are walking home, this is a great time to acknowledge the police officers you pass by -- especially any whom you spoke with or interacted with -- and genuinely thank them for doing a good job. A good example of this would be saying “You handled that situation really well, thank you” to an officer who chose not to respond aggressively to a challenging situation. Complimenting police officers creates an environment of shared respect, and helps them see that you are not specifically protesting against them, but rather happen to be in a shared environment at a given time.
Remember, police are not our enemy.
Engage them personally and respectfully and you will see that they will often respond courteously and professionally. Treat them in a positive manner and focus on their potential. They are human beings too, and if you acknowledge their humanity they will often acknowledge yours.
Lastly, pee before you attend a rally.
If you get penned up and/or arrested, you’re going to want to have as little in your bladder as possible.
Thanks for working together with the police to help Occupy Wall Street become a completely peaceful, non-violent movement for positive change!
How can we promote the creation of new neurons - and why is it so important?
Two parts of the brain can continue growing through neurogenesis<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMjkyMzk2NS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYwOTAwODc1MH0.4GDLlZmkwuD0-pJ0s0UWcUoYXMy95a-AM61a_QAlAeA/img.jpg?width=980" id="2e77e" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="4e23499fdf3b2185533979083fd02db7" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" alt="brain made of twigs and plants concept of neurogenesis" />
Neurogenesis is still possible well into adulthood in two very important parts of the human brain.
Image by EtiAmmos on Shutterstock<p>Although most people are aware that aging or bad habits such as heavy alcohol use can contribute to the deterioration of our brains, not many of us give thought to how we can generate new brain cells.</p><p>Neurogenesis, the birth of neurons from stem cells, happens mostly before we are born - as we are formed in the womb, we are generating most of what we need after birth. </p><p><strong>After birth, however, neurogenesis is still possible in two parts of the brain:</strong></p><ul><li>The olfactory bulb, which is a structure of the forebrain that's responsible for our sense of smell. </li><li>The hippocampus, which is a structure of the brain located within the temporal lobe (just above your ears) - this area is important for learning, memory, regulation, of emotions and spatial navigation. </li></ul><p>Of course, when this information first came to light <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13860748" target="_blank">back in the 1960s</a>, the next natural question was: How do we promote neurogenesis in those areas where it's still possible? </p><p>Researchers today believe there are activities you can do (some of them may be things you already do on a daily basis) that can promote neurogenesis in your brain. </p><p><strong>Why is it important to promote the growth of new neurons in adulthood?</strong></p><p>We produce an estimated 700 million neurons per day in the hippocampus - this means by the time we reach the age of 50, we will have exchanged the neurons we were born within that area of the brain with new (adult-generated) neurons. </p><p>If we don't promote this exchange with the growth of new neurons, we may block certain abilities these new neurons help us with (such as keeping our memory sharp, for example). </p>
4 ways to promote neurogenesis in your brain<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMjkyMzk2Ni9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYyNTE3NjczNH0.qyzh_AIUPKfaQIa1QEq4yTNCAAK9nYkH3HFV9vWXwww/img.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C0%2C0%2C104&height=700" id="64a68" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="ee1307fe2dd61ae425552da56db3c5ff" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" alt="child playing trumpet concept of learning a new instrument neurogenesis" />
Learning a new instrument helps promote neurogenesis.
Photo by DenisProduction.com on Shutterstock<p><strong>Intermittent fasting</strong></p><p><a href="https://law.stanford.edu/2015/01/09/lawandbiosciences-2015-01-09-intermittent-fasting-try-this-at-home-for-brain-health/" target="_blank">A 2015 Stanford study</a> examined the link between <a href="https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/6-ways-to-do-intermittent-fasting#section1" target="_blank">intermittent fasting</a> and neurogenesis. Calorie restriction and fasting can not only increase synaptic plasticity and promote neuron growth but it can also decrease your risk of developing neurodegenerative diseases and boost cognitive function. </p><p><u>Two of the most common ways you can intermittently fast are: </u></p><ul><li>16 hours per day every day - this is a method where you are able to eat for an 8 hour period of the day and fast for 16 hours of the day. Many people begin their "fast" after dinner, pushing their morning meal far enough towards lunch that most of their "off" eating time happens while they are asleep anyways. </li></ul><ul><li>24 hours every week - this is a method where once a week you fast for an entire day. Some people prefer this method because the rest of the week can resume as normal - but for many, this is a difficult way to fast. </li></ul><p><strong>Traveling to new places</strong></p><p>While traveling is something many of us enjoy — scenic routes and new fun experiences — these things also promote neurogenesis while we're on vacation. <a href="https://www.chicagotribune.com/travel/ct-xpm-2014-01-28-sc-trav-0128-travel-mechanic-20140128-story.html" target="_blank">Paul Nussbaum</a>, a clinical neuropsychologist at the University of Pittsburgh, explains that the mental benefits of traveling are very clear.<br></p><p><em>"When you expose your brain to an environment that's novel and complex or new and difficult, the brain literally reacts. Those new and challenging situations cause the brain to sprout dendrites (dangling extensions) which grow the brain's capacity." </em></p><p><strong>Learning a new instrument</strong></p><p>The mental health benefits of music have long been studied, but did you know that learning a new instrument can promote new neuron growth? </p><p>According to <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2996135/" target="_blank">this 2010 study</a>, learning to play a new musical instrument is an intense, multisensory motor experience that requires that acquisition and maintenance of skills over your entire lifetime - which of course, promotes the new formation of new neural networks. </p><p>When is the best time to begin learning a new instrument? Childhood, of course. </p><p><em>"Learning to play a new musical instrument in childhood can result in long-lasting changes in brain organization," </em>according to the study mentioned above. </p><p>While learning an instrument in adulthood will also promote neurogenesis, children who began training with a musical instrument before the age of 7 have shown that they have a significantly larger corpus callosum (the area of the brain the allows communication between the two hemispheres of the brain) than many adults. </p><p><strong>Reading novels</strong></p><p>A study from <a href="http://esciencecommons.blogspot.com/2013/12/a-novel-look-at-how-stories-may-change.html" target="_blank">Emory University</a> showed there was an increase in ongoing connectivity in the brains of participants after reading the same (fiction) novel. </p><p>In this study, enhanced brain activity was observed in the region that control physical sensations and movement. Reading a novel, according to lead researcher Gregory Berns, can transport you into the body of the protagonist. </p><p>This ability to shift into another mental state is a vital skill that promotes healthy neurogenesis in those areas of the brain. </p>
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- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
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- Crisis times tend to increase self-centered acts.
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Evolution Is Moving Us Away from Selfishness. But Where Is It Taking ...<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="cyeqmYCb" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="6c5efecb56456e9acc25cf36935b1826"> <div id="botr_cyeqmYCb_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/cyeqmYCb-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/cyeqmYCb-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/cyeqmYCb-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div>
Exploring Morality and Selfishness in Modern Times<div class="rm-shortcode" data-media_id="02eX1Cag" data-player_id="FvQKszTI" data-rm-shortcode-id="45cc6180db791f32683988fb52faff26"> <div id="botr_02eX1Cag_FvQKszTI_div" class="jwplayer-media" data-jwplayer-video-src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/02eX1Cag-FvQKszTI.js"> <img src="https://cdn.jwplayer.com/thumbs/02eX1Cag-1920.jpg" class="jwplayer-media-preview" /> </div> <script src="https://content.jwplatform.com/players/02eX1Cag-FvQKszTI.js"></script> </div> Philosopher Peter Singer discusses the state of global ethics.
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