Popular internet scams to watch out for in 2020
Protect yourself and your personal information at all times on the internet.
- The internet is filled with scammers looking to steal your private information.
- The Better Business Bureau has shared important information on the scams that are currently trending and ways that internet users can avoid them.
- Every internet user should also consider investing in a VPN like Private Internet Access for added safety and security.
If we've said it once, we've said it a thousand times: the internet is not a safe place. As an educational tool and social connector it is amazing, but for all the cute animals and funny memes, there are also scams lurking around every corner. If you're on the grid, you should know how to protect yourself and your information. One way to do that is with a VPN.
VPNs (virtual private networks) like Private Internet Access allow users to mask their IP address and navigate the internet anonymously. When you use a VPN, websites are blocked from tracking your browsing habits, monitoring activity, or even seeing where you are connecting to the internet from. Private Internet Access also comes with an encryption service that defends against monitoring and a firewall that blocks dangerous connections. If you're in a situation where your internet provider or region has certain websites blocked, a VPN can break through those barriers and welcome you to censorship-free browsing.
You should also be able to spot threats on your own. To help, here are a few scams that are currently trending online.
Kobe Bryant memorabilia
Photo: Michael Wa on Flickr / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
Following his untimely death in a helicopter accident in California on January 26, 2020, the Better Business Bureau issued a warning for fans of NBA icon Kobe Bryant to not "let their mourning cloud their judgment." The BBB wrote that high-profile celebrity deaths often result in phishing scams, sales of fake memorabilia, and the use of clickbait to exploit people and steal their information. The bureau suggests checking the sender's email address before clicking on anything and hovering over all links first to see where they lead. When possible, internet users should do some homework before buying items and sharing account details.
Particularly around the holidays but also all year round, cute animals are an easy way for scammers to trick people into making themselves vulnerable. The BBB has seen a 37% increase in consumer complaints about puppy scams since 2017, with 16,000 complaints coming in the last three years. The organization says that the figure is likely to be much higher but, according to the Federal Trade Commission, only 10% of victims report crimes. An estimated 60% of those who reported scams never received the pets they purchased.
2020 is the year of the census, a nationwide headcount that happens once every 10 years. While people should definitely be wary of scammers knocking on their front doors, the BBB says that those same precautions need to be exercised online. Be suspicious of anonymous/generic emails, never share your social security number or agree to transfer money, and make sure that if you are directed to a website that it has the official census.gov web address.
Gym memberships and weight-loss supplements
A new year means that a lot of people are considering ways to be healthier or more active. Scammers are aware of this and will use gym memberships, supplements, and other fake offers to capitalize on the trend. The Better Business Bureau's tips for avoiding scams are to research companies before signing up, to thoroughly read the terms of agreement and all the fine print, and to not hesitate to call your credit card company if you suspect you have been the victim of a free-trial scam.
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Scientists discover the inner workings of an effect that will lead to a new generation of devices.
- Researchers discover a method of extracting previously unavailable information from superconductors.
- The study builds on a 19th-century discovery by physicist Edward Hall.
- The research promises to lead to a new generation of semiconductor materials and devices.
Credit: Gunawan/Nature magazine
Students who think the world is just cheat less, but they need to experience justice to feel that way.
- Students in German and Turkish universities who believed the world is just cheated less than their pessimistic peers.
- The tendency to think the world is just is related to the occurence of experiences of justice.
- The findings may prove useful in helping students adjust to college life.
The world is just? That’s news to a lot of people.<p>The study is the most recent addition to a long line of work focusing on the belief in justice, our behavior, and our reactions to evidence that might suggest injustice occasionally occurs. This study focuses on a personal belief in a just world, (PBJW) rather than a general belief in a just world (GBJW). The difference between them must be highlighted.</p><p>GBJW is the stance that justice prevails all over the world and that people tend to get what they deserve. PBJW is more focused on the individual's social environment and their belief that they tend to be treated justly. While several studies show PBJW correlates with a higher sense of well-being and a variety of other positive effects, a high GBJW is associated with less life satisfaction, negative behavior, and callousness towards the suffering of <a href="https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4939-3216-0" target="_blank">others</a>. This study controlled for GBJW, and focused on PBJW as much as possible. </p><p>To assure that culture was not a factor, the study included students at universities in both Germany and Turkey. </p><p>The researchers gave students at the four participating universities a series of questionnaires that asked if they ever cheated in class, if they perceived the world to be just, if they though that justice always prevailed everywhere, their tendencies towards socially appropriate behavior, their life satisfaction, and if they felt like they were treated justly by their teachers and fellow students. </p><p>The answers were statistically analyzed for relationships. While some of the connections seem trivially true, others were surprising. <strong></strong></p><p>PBJW turned out to only be an indirect predictor of if a student was likely to cheat. Both a belief in a just world and a lower likelihood of cheating were mediated by the justice experiences of the students, with more of these positive experiences lowering the rate of cheating and improving their belief in justice. This was also associated with higher levels of life satisfaction. </p><p>These effects existed across all demographics in both countries. </p>
What does this mean? Is a belief in justice a self-fulfilling prophecy?<iframe width="730" height="430" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/6oMv-azHNCA" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe><p>In a way, it seems to be. People who have reason to think the world is just to them tend to interpret events in a way to sustain that belief and behave in a just manner. In a larger sense, the take away from this study is that experiences of justice, both from peers and instructors, is vital to student's wellbeing and understanding that the rules that exist about cheating are part of a larger, legitimate, system. </p><p>The researchers, citing previous studies on the perception of justice, note that "justice experiences (1) signal that university students are esteemed members of their social group, which in turn conveys feelings of belonging and social inclusion and (2) motivate them to accept and observe university rules and norms. These cognitive processes may thus strengthen their well-being and decrease the likelihood that they cheat."</p><p>The authors also suggest that if you want people (not only students) to act justly; consider treating them with "civility, respect, and dignity."</p><p>Sometimes, all it can take to help somebody act virtuously is to treat them well. Likewise, people treated harshly can rarely find reason to play by rules that don't protect them. The findings of this study will certainly add to the literature on how we perceive justice in the world around us, but might also help us remember that there are real consequences to our actions which can be much larger than we imagine. <strong></strong></p>
This could change how researchers approach vaccine development.
- The reason children suffer less from the novel coronavirus has remained mysterious.
- Researchers identified a cytokine, IL-17A, which appears to protect children from the ravages of COVID-19.
- This cytokine response could change how researchers approach vaccine development.
A member of staff wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) takes a child's temperature at the Harris Academy's Shortland's school on June 04, 2020 in London, England.
Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images<p>Experts don't want to place kids at the back of the line, regardless of how strong their immune systems appear. At least one company, Moderna, <a href="https://www.businessinsider.com/coronavirus-vaccine-for-kids-moderna-plans-pediatric-trial-2020-9" target="_blank">hopes to begin testing</a> vaccines in pediatric volunteers by year's end.</p><p>Innate immune response is especially high during childhood (compared to adaptive immunity). This makes evolutionary sense: nature wants an animal to survive until its ready to procreate. Turns out the children in the study possessed high levels of cytokines that boost their immune response. The biggest impact is made by IL-17A, which appears to protect the youngest cohort from the ravages of the coronavirus. </p><p>While both age groups produced antibodies to fight off the infamous spike protein, adults that produce neutralizing antibodies actually suffer a <em>worse</em> fate. Herold says this "over-vigorous adaptive immune response" might promote inflammation, triggering acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). </p><p>This matters for vaccine development. As Herold says, </p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Our adult COVID-19 patients who fared poorly had high levels of neutralizing antibodies, suggesting that convalescent plasma—which is rich in neutralizing antibodies—may not help adults who have already developed signs of ARDS. By contrast, therapies that boost innate immune responses early in the course of the disease may be especially beneficial."</p><p>Herold says current vaccine trials are focused on boosting neutralizing-antibody levels. With this new information, researchers may want to work on vaccines that boost the innate immune response instead. </p><p>With <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/science/coronavirus-vaccine-tracker.html" target="_blank">at least 55 vaccine trials</a> underway, every piece of data matters. </p><p>--</p><p><em>Stay in touch with Derek on <a href="http://www.twitter.com/derekberes" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/DerekBeresdotcom" target="_blank">Facebook</a> and <a href="https://derekberes.substack.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Substack</a>. His next book is</em> "<em>Hero's Dose: The Case For Psychedelics in Ritual and Therapy."</em></p>
Researchers from the University of Toronto published a new map of cancer cells' genetic defenses against treatment.