German circus uses 3D holograms instead of real animals
Is it time we outlaw circus animals altogether?
- The German performance group Circus Roncalli has been phasing out animals for decades.
- Now, the circus uses a set of laser projectors and sophisticated lenses to produce a hologram show displayed in a traditional circus ring.
- Internationally, it seems there's a trend toward phasing out the rather cruel practice of forcing circus animals to perform.
To spare animals unnecessary pain and suffering, a German circus has replaced its real animals with stunningly realistic holograms.
The 40-year-old German performance group Circus Roncalli began phasing out animals in the 1990s, but recently retired all live animals in favor of sophisticated holograms displayed in a traditional circular ring. To display the holograms, the circus uses laser projectors and specialized lenses that allow all audience members around the 105-foot-wide ring to see the spectral creatures.
Some spectators said it reminded them of the traditional circus.
"I thought the hologram at the beginning was really great," Janine Kunze, a German actress, said in a video. "You actually remember the circus, especially Roncalli, with horses and dogs, they always used to be part of it, and I think they really included it well. Also, in the beginning when they told the story in a new kind of way."
Circus founder Bernhard Paul reportedly spent more than $500,000 to build and polish the hologram show, which has been seen by more than 600,000 people in the past year. The show stars a variety of (real-life) clowns and artists who incorporate the holographic animals into their performances.
Animal rights advocates welcome the futuristic update.
"This is the future of circus — a performance everyone can enjoy and for which intelligent, sentient beings are not used and depicted as objects of entertainment," Jan Creamer, president of Animal Defenders International, told The Dodo.
The new technology could help sustain an old-fashioned institution.
"Unfortunately, the 'old' circus has gotten a bit dusty, but this is how the circus can remain alive," said German TV anchor Max Schautzer in a video.
A 'trend' in banning circus animals
Circus animals can lead rough lives. Usually raised in captivity, they're trained — sometimes violently — to do strenuous and unnatural tricks, and many are hauled on long-distance trips where they're forced to perform in strange venues.
"In order to stay profitable, circuses must tour so intensely," Jon Harmon, chief of staff for Cincinnati Councilman Chris Seelbach, told the Cincinnati Enquirer. "The moment the show is over animals are returned to their cages, which are so small, and put on a train and are traveling so long that they go out and do the show and go right back into the cage."
Because of these cruel conditions, Cincinnati recently voted to ban exotic animals from circus performances, joining the likes of New Jersey, Hawaii, and California.
"Banning wild animals in circuses is right on trend with what's going on around the country," Rachel Mathews, of PETA, told Cincinnati's WKRC.
Research in plant neurobiology shows that plants have senses, intelligence and emotions.
- The field of plant neurobiology studies the complex behavior of plants.
- Plants were found to have 15-20 senses, including many like humans.
- Some argue that plants may have awareness and intelligence, while detractors persist.
E-cigarettes may be safer than traditional cigarettes, but they come with their own risks.
- A new study used an MRI machine to examine how vaping e-cigarettes affects users' cardiovascular systems immediately after inhalation.
- The results showed that vaping causes impaired circulation, stiffer arteries and less oxygen in their blood.
- The new study adds to a growing body of research showing that e-cigarettes – while likely safer than traditional cigarettes – are far from harmless.
Since the idea of locality is dead, space itself may not be an aloof vacuum: Something welds things together, even at great distances.
- Realists believe that there is an exactly understandable way the world is — one that describes processes independent of our intervention. Anti-realists, however, believe realism is too ambitious — too hard. They believe we pragmatically describe our interactions with nature — not truths that are independent of us.
- In nature, properties of Particle B may be depend on what we choose to measure or manipulate with Particle A, even at great distances.
- In quantum mechanics, there is no explanation for this. "It just comes out that way," says Smolin. Realists struggle with this because it would imply certain things can travel faster than light, which still seems improbable.