“Researchers here have discovered the pivotal role that volcanoes played in a deadly ice age 450 million years ago,” reports Science Daily. “Perhaps ironically, these volcanoes first caused global warming — by releasing massive amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. When they stopped erupting, Earth’s climate was thrown off balance, and the ice age began. Matthew Saltzman, associate professor of earth sciences at Ohio State University and his team had previously linked this same ice age to the rise of the Appalachian Mountains…Now the researchers have discovered the other half of the story: giant volcanoes that formed during the closing of the proto-Atlantic Ocean — known as the Iapetus Ocean — set the stage for the rise of the Appalachians and the ice age that followed.”
The highest-energy particles could be a sign of new, unexpected physics. But the simplest, most mundane explanation is particularly iron-ic.
The modern attention economy hijacks our ability to focus, but an ancient technique offers a means to get it back.
The tonal Native American language differentiates words based on pitch and makes Spanish conjugation look like child’s play.
Stories of child prodigies and the naturally gifted hide the fact that success is built on more than talent alone.
In 2022, Hubble owned the record for most distant galaxy. Today, that galaxy is down to the 9th most distant object. Thanks, JWST.