8 Million City: a Scandinavian Megalopolis

Oslo to Copenhagen, the world's next megacity?

Picture a megacity of about 8 million. You're likely thinking of a place like London, Kinshasa or Rio de Janeiro. An urban jungle: teeming, chaotic and vibrant. Not the green and pleasant, but frankly rather empty Oslo to Copenhagen corridor.

A future megacity? The Oslo-Copenhagen corridor in a European context.


Yet that corridor is the most densely populated stretch of Scandinavia [1], home to 8 million of the region's 20 million people. An ambitious plan aims to link up its cities, medium-sized by global standards, across three different countries to form a single megalopolis - '8 Million City'.

The glue that will hold this megacity together? A high-speed train link that should reduce rail travel time between Oslo and Copenhagen from 7.5 hours today to 2.5 hours by 2025.

The incredible shrinking megacity: how high-speed train link would affect time distance between Oslo, Gothenburg and Copenhagen.

After crime fiction and maternity leave, is mega-urbanism the next discipline for which Scandinavia will set the global standard?

According to the project's website, its aim is to make “this region one of the world's most competitive”. Norway, Sweden and Denmark already score high for workforce quality and economic innovation, but next-level development is hampered by the demographic dispersal in small, relatively isolated urban centres. “In a world where regions increase in size to attract talent and be more competitive globally, this is a challenge”, the website continues.

Screen grab from a promotional video for Scandinavia's 8 Million City. Looks a lot more convincing than the thin sliver of population density on the map shown above.

Hence 8 Million City, a cross-border region that will interconnect regional talent, powering the knowledge-based economy of the future. Which will also be green and diverse. Obviously.

The project is partnered by 14 local and regional authorities and government agencies for each of the three countries involved, and co-funded by the European Union, which is just crazy about these cross-border initiatives [2].

The megacity will have global resonance. Or so the concentric circles on this map seem to prove.

Jewel in the crown of this megacity on the hill is the so-called høyhastighetstog (HHT), Scandinavia's version of the high-speed trains that are racing through France, Spain and Germany. 

The first and main precondition for the HHT to start regular service in 2025 is to get all relevant governments, industries and citizens behind the scheme. That first hurdle might be the most difficult one – as shown by the ongoing tug of war in the UK over HS2, the planned extension of high-speed rail from London to Birmingham, and beyond.

But 8 Million City seem to have their ducks in a row. The website overflows with data and trivia supporting the case for the HHT by demonstrating the viability and benefits of high-speed rail elsewhere:

  • A high-speed railway takes up only one third the space of a highway.
  • A train is 9 times more energy-efficient than a plane, and 4 times more than a car.
  • Since 1992, Spain alone has laid 2,665 km (1,655 miles) of high-speed rail.
  • In France, one of the world leaders in high-speed rail, train passengers travel at an average speed of 227 km/h (142 mph).
  • In 2011, Norway's Oljefundet (Oil Fund) bought 5.15% of the shares in the company that operates Eurotunnel, through which the high-speed Eurostar rail link connects London to mainland Europe.
  • In that same year, Eurostar carried close to 10 million passengers to and from London.

Like many other future utopias, 8 Million City offers a vision of glittering promise, but seems utterly reasonable and feasible. The figures in the plan sound convincing. And there are maps! The cartography is simple, yet so convincing that the plan's next step – 12 Million City, the extension towards Stockholm – seems all but inevitable.

The Os-Ko-Sto triangle: cornerstones for a world-class megacity of 12 million?

Many thanks to Mikkel Steen Birkedam, a Danish immigrant in Oslo (and thus able to go home by train in under three hours - if he stays for another 11 years). Check out the website for 8 Million City here

Strange Maps #661

Got a strange map? Let me know at strangemaps@gmail.com.


[1] Scandinavia and the Nordics are two geographical terms often confused with each other.

The former concept only covers Norway (5.1 million inhabitants), Denmark (5.6 million) and Sweden (9.6 million). From the mid-19th century, there was a 'Pan-Scandinavian' movement, but there is no official body uniting the three countries, two of which are part of the European Union (Norway is not).  

The term 'Nordics' also includes Iceland (0.3 million), Finland (5.4 million) and various autonomous dependencies (Finland's Åland Islands, and Greenland and the Faroe Islands, both Danish). A Nordic Council provides a framework for cooperation between the member states that includes a common labour market and free movement among member states. The three Baltic states are observers, and there is talk of Scotland joining if it votes for independence later this year. 

[2] Because they transcend the still purely national reflexes of industry, academia and civil society, proponents say (see #86). Because they aim to destroy the nation state as the self-evident basis for governance across the EU, its opponents claim (see #163). Why can't both be right? 

LinkedIn meets Tinder in this mindful networking app

Swipe right to make the connections that could change your career.

Getty Images
Swipe right. Match. Meet over coffee or set up a call.

No, we aren't talking about Tinder. Introducing Shapr, a free app that helps people with synergistic professional goals and skill sets easily meet and collaborate.

Keep reading Show less

Radical theory says our universe sits on an inflating bubble in an extra dimension

Cosmologists propose a groundbreaking model of the universe using string theory.

Getty Images/Suvendu Giri
Surprising Science
  • A new paper uses string theory to propose a new model of the universe.
  • The researchers think our universe may be riding a bubble expanded by dark energy.
  • All matter in the universe may exist in strings that reach into another dimension.
Keep reading Show less

Employees don't quit their job, they quit their boss

According to TwoFold CEO Alison McMahon, a leader who doesn't care (or can't pretend to care) about his or her employees isn't much of a leader at all.

Photo credit: Mantas Hesthaven on Unsplash
Technology & Innovation

Why do people quit their jobs? Surely, there are a ton of factors: money, hours, location, lack of interest, etc. For Alison McMahon, an HR specialist and the CEO of TwoFold, the biggest reason employees jump ship is that they're tired of working for lousy bosses.

By and large, she says, people are willing to put up with certain negatives as long as they enjoy who they're working for. When that's just not the case, there's no reason to stick around:

Nine times out of ten, when an employee says they're leaving for more money, it's simply not true. It's just too uncomfortable to tell the truth.

Whether that's true is certainly debatable, though it's not a stretch to say that an inconsiderate and/or incompetent boss isn't much of a leader. If you run an organization or company, your values and actions need to guide and inspire your team. When you fail to do that, you set the table for poor productivity and turnover.

McMahon offers a few suggestions for those who want to hone their leadership abilities, though it seems that these things are more innate qualities than acquired skills. For example, actually caring about your workers or not depending wholly on HR thinking they can do your job for you.

It's the nature of promotions that, inevitably, a good employee without leadership skills will get thrust into a supervisory position. McMahon says this is a chronic problem that many organizations need to avoid, or at least make the time to properly evaluate and assist with the transition.

But since they often don't, they end up with uninspired workers. And uninspired workers who don't have a reason to stay won't stick around for long.

Read more at LinkedIn.

Think you’re bad at math? You may suffer from ‘math trauma’

Even some teachers suffer from anxiety about math.

Image credit: Getty Images
Mind & Brain

I teach people how to teach math, and I've been working in this field for 30 years. Across those decades, I've met many people who suffer from varying degrees of math trauma – a form of debilitating mental shutdown when it comes to doing mathematics.

Keep reading Show less