from the world's big
Mapping Europe's Linguistic Diversity via the Lord's Prayer
Praise the Lord and pass the dictionary!
This is the Europa Polyglotta, published in 1730 by Gottfried Hensel (or Henselius, after the contemporary fasion of latinising surnames). Its full title, translated from Latin: ‘Multilingual Europe, showing the genealogy of the languages, together with the alphabets and modes of writing of all peoples’.
The alphabets shown in the upper left corner, are (left to right): Scythian, “born of Hebrew”, Greek, Marcomannic, Runic, Moeso-Gothic, and Picto-Hibernic. In the upper right corner are shown Characteri Rutenicae Linguae, i.e. the Russian alphabet. The lower left corner shows the Latin, German and Anglo-Saxon alphabets. At the bottom, there are several other alphabets of the Hunnish, Slavonic (Cyrillic), Glagolitic (Illyric) and Etruscan (Eugubina) languages.
The map itself attempts to show the concordances and differences between all the ancient languages spoken in Europe by spelling out the first words of the Lord’s Prayer in each of them, in King-James English: "our father who art in heaven (hallowed be thy name)".
- Thulae I[nsula] (Icelandic): Fader uor þu som ert a himnum helgest þitt nafn
- Gothica (Gothic): Atta unsar þu in himinam, weihnai namo þein
- Picto-Scotica (Scots): Vren fader ƿic arþ in heofnas
- Anglo-Saxon[ica] (English): Faeder ure þu þe eart on heofenum
- Germanica (German): Vater Unser der du bist im Himmel. Geheiliget werde dein Nahme
- Belgica (Dutch): Onse Uader, die in de Hemelen. Uwen Nam werde geheyligt
- Dania (Danish): Vor Fader i Himelen Helligt vorde dit Nafn
- Antiqu[a] Saxonica (Saxon): Thu ure Fader the eart on heofenum
- Norwegica (Norwegian): Wor Vader du som est y himmelen Gehailiget worde dit Nafn
- Svecica (Swedish): Fader war som ast i Himmelen. Helgat warde titt Nampn
- Runica (ancient Scandinavian, in the Runic alphabet): ᚠᛆᚦᚽᛦ ᚢᚭᛦ ᛋᚭᛘ ᛆᛋᛐ ᛁ ᚼᛁᛘᛚᚢᛘ ᛫ ᚼᛆᛚᚴᛆᚦ ᚠᛆᚱᚦᚽ ᚦᛁᛏ ᚿᛆᛘᛆ (Fader uor som est i himlum. Halgad warde thitt nama)
- Gallica (French): Nostre Pere qui es es cieux. Ton Nom soit Sanctifié
- Foro-Juliani: Pari nestri ch'ees in Cyl. See sanctificaat la to Nom
- Hispanica (Spanish): Padre nuestro, que estas en los cielos. Sanctificado sea el tu Nombre
- Catalanica (Catalan): Pare nostro que estau en lo cel
- Lusitania (Portuguese) Padre nostro que stas nos ceos. Sanctificado seia oteu Nome
- Italica (Italian): Padre nostro, che sei ne'Cieli. Sia Sanctificato il tuo nome
- Hetrusca-Latina (Latin): Pater noster qui es in coelis
- Nova Zemblicae (Nova Zemblian?): Otcse nay icse zina nebey pozuetytze ime tuye
- Russica (Russian): Otse nashishe jeszi unebeszih. Posuetisze imè toye
- Polonica (Polish): Oicze náss, ktorys jest w niebiesiech. Swiecsie imic twoie
- Hibern[ica] (Irish): ar nat[hair] ata ar neam[h]
- Lithuanica (Lithuanian): Tewe musu kursey esi danguy. Szweskis wardas Tawo
- Lapponica (Saami): Isa meidhen joko oledh tajuahisza Puhetta olkohon siun Nimesi
- Finnonica (Finnish): Isa meiden joca olet taiwaisa. Pyhittetty stolcon sinum Nymes
- Biscaina sive Cantabrica (Basque): Gure aita cerue tan aicena. Sanctifica bedi sure Icena
- Graeca (Greek): Πάτερ ἡμῶν ὁ ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς· ἁγιασθήτω τὸ ὄνομά σου (pater hemon ho en tois ouranois, agiasteto to onoma sou)
- Hungarica (Hungarian): Mi Atyanc kivagy az mennyekben
- Tartarica (Tatar): Yâ Atamûz kiyûksèk Ghiôghda Sen
Strange Maps #231
Got a strange map? Let me know at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Map found here on Wikimedia Commons.
Innovation in manufacturing has crawled since the 1950s. That's about to speed up.
Here's why you might eat greenhouse gases in the future.
- The company's protein powder, "Solein," is similar in form and taste to wheat flour.
- Based on a concept developed by NASA, the product has wide potential as a carbon-neutral source of protein.
- The man-made "meat" industry just got even more interesting.
Seriously sustainable<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTk0MDIzNS9vcmlnaW4ucG5nIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYyMjM4NTMzMX0.BCEfYnn6C3z1zUHIS38xOWjXktgamNBi5iyqklSMYK8/img.png?width=980" id="ea524" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="50533380eeb18eb5833b6b6aa3abec38" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Image source: Solar Foods<p>Solar Foods makes Solein by extracting CO₂ from air using <a href="https://www.fastcompany.com/90356326/we-have-the-tech-to-suck-co2-from-the-air-but-can-it-suck-enough-to-make-a-difference" target="_blank">carbon-capture technology</a>, and then combines it with water, nutrients and vitamins, using 100 percent renewable solar energy from partner <a href="https://www.fortum.com" target="_blank">Fortum</a> to promote a natural fermentation process similar to the one that produces yeast and lactic acid bacteria.</p><p>When the company claims its single-celled protein is "free from agricultural limitations," they're not kidding. Being produced indoors means Solar Foods is not dependent on arable land, water (i.e., rain), or favorable weather.</p><p>The company is already working with the European Space Agency to develop foods for off-planet production and consumption. (The idea for Solein actually began at NASA.) They also see potential in bringing protein production to areas whose climate or ground conditions make conventional agriculture impossible.</p><p>And let's not forget all those <a href="https://www.bk.com/menu-item/impossible-whopper" target="_blank">beef-free burgers</a> based on pea and soy proteins currently gaining popularity. The environmental challenge of scaling up the supply of those plants to meet their high demand may provide an opening for the completely renewable Solein — the company could provide companies that produce animal-free "meats," such as <a href="https://www.beyondmeat.com/products/" target="_blank">Beyond Meat</a> and <a href="https://impossiblefoods.com" target="_blank">Impossible Foods</a>, a way to further reduce their environmental impact.</p>
The larger promise<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTk0MDI0MS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY1NjU4MTg2OX0.7dZZYT5WEV_EupBuLVFwHynarTiz8RYR9aJtC6Ts2C4/img.jpg?width=980" id="3415d" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="2e6eebe06d795f844752f9e9d30040d7" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Image source: Solar Foods<p>The impact of the beef — and for that matter, poultry, pork, and fish — industries on our planet is widely recognized as one of the main drivers behind climate change, pollution, habitat loss, and antibiotic-resistant illness. From the cutting down of rainforests for cattle-grazing land, to runoff from factory farming of livestock and plants, to the disruption of the marine food chain, to the overuse of antibiotics in food animals, it's been disastrous.</p><p>The advent of a promising source of protein derived from two of the most renewable things we have, CO₂ and sunlight, <a href="https://solarfoods.fi/environmental-impact/" target="_blank">gets us out of the planet-destruction business</a> at the same time as it offers the promise of a stable, long-term solution to one of the world's most fundamental nutritional needs.</p>
Solar Foods' timetable<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8xOTk0MTEzMS9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTU5OTU1OTMwMn0.wnXh56iO_77x2XKV2uIPf78BKw4AJLUpmiyq_JBVGvo/img.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=172%2C146%2C62%2C135&height=700" id="0297c" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="125c9a98ec818f5c241fa28ef1423e67" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Image source: Lubsan / Shutterstock / Big Think<p>While company plans are always moderated by unforeseen events — including the availability of sufficient funding — Solar Foods plans a global commercial rollout for Solein in 2021 and to be producing two million meals annually, with a revenue of $800 million to $1.2 billion by 2023. By 2050, they hope to be providing sustenance to 9 billion people as part of a $500 billion protein market.</p><p>The project began in 2018, and this year, they anticipate achieving three things: Launching Solein (check), beginning the approval process certifying its safety as a Novel Food in the EU, and publishing plans for a 1,000-metric ton-per-year factory capable of producing 500 million meals annually.</p>
The protein powder Solein. Image source: SOLAR FOODS
SEAL training is the ultimate test of both mental and physical strength.
- The fact that U.S. Navy SEALs endure very rigorous training before entering the field is common knowledge, but just what happens at those facilities is less often discussed. In this video, former SEALs Brent Gleeson, David Goggins, and Eric Greitens (as well as authors Jesse Itzler and Jamie Wheal) talk about how the 18-month program is designed to build elite, disciplined operatives with immense mental toughness and resilience.
- Wheal dives into the cutting-edge technology and science that the navy uses to prepare these individuals. Itzler shares his experience meeting and briefly living with Goggins (who was also an Army Ranger) and the things he learned about pushing past perceived limits.
- Goggins dives into why you should leave your comfort zone, introduces the 40 percent rule, and explains why the biggest battle we all face is the one in our own minds. "Usually whatever's in front of you isn't as big as you make it out to be," says the SEAL turned motivational speaker. "We start to make these very small things enormous because we allow our minds to take control and go away from us. We have to regain control of our mind."
Pandemic-inspired housing innovation will collide with techno-acceleration.