The Space Shuttle Was a Mistake
As N.A.S.A.'s space shuttle program prepares for its last launch ever, some say the political compromise that initiated the shuttle program also compromised decades of research.
What's the Latest Development?
N.A.S.A. is preparing Space Shuttle Atlantis for its final journey into space on a mission to resupply the International Space Station (I.S.S.). Once the space station is restocked, the space shuttle program will have outlived its usefulness. For those who remember the political compromises that made the shuttle program the centerpiece of American space flight, few tears will likely be shed over the program's termination. For decades, the program consumed N.A.S.A.'s budget at the expense of smaller, less risky and less expensive missions.
What's the Big Idea?
Between those who wanted a vastly more ambitious space program in the 1970s and those who thought N.A.S.A. was a waste of money, there was Richard Nixon. It was his compromise that would eventually leave both sides dissatisfied. The shuttle program has run a decade over schedule and tens of billions over budget while being limited to low Earth orbit. Still, its achievements are noteworthy. Repairing the Hubble Space Telescope, for example, would have been impossible without the shuttle. The shuttle program's reputation may rest on what gains are ultimately made by the I.S.S.
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- Felix Dzerzhinsky led the Cheka, Soviet Union's first secret police.
- The Cheka was infamous for executing thousands during the Red Terror of 1918.
She met mere mortals with and without the Vatican's approval.
Research by neuroscientists at MIT's Picower Institute for Learning and Memory helps explain how the brain regulates arousal.
The big day has come: You are taking your road test to get your driver's license. As you start your mom's car with a stern-faced evaluator in the passenger seat, you know you'll need to be alert but not so excited that you make mistakes. Even if you are simultaneously sleep-deprived and full of nervous energy, you need your brain to moderate your level of arousal so that you do your best.
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