Former U.N. ambassador John Bolton writes that "It is hard to conclude anything except that the Obama administration is resigned to Iran possessing nuclear weapons. While U.S. policy makers will not welcome that outcome, they certainly hope as a corollary that Iran can be contained and deterred. Since they have ruled out the only immediate alternative, military force, they are doubtless now busy preparing to make lemonade out of this pile of lemons." He thinks that Obama's nuclear containment/deterrence strategy will feature assurances of U.S. retaliation if Iran uses its nuclear weapons.