Exposure to Healthy Foods in Childhood Leads to Healthy Choices in Adulthood
The kinds of foods parents expose their kids to will set an example for their eating habits later on in life.
Natalie has been writing professionally for about 6 years. After graduating from Ithaca College with a degree in Feature Writing, she snagged a job at PCMag.com where she had the opportunity to review all the latest consumer gadgets. Since then she has become a writer for hire, freelancing for various websites. In her spare time, you may find her riding her motorcycle, reading YA novels, hiking, or playing video games. Follow her on Twitter: @nat_schumaker
The kinds of foods you're exposed to during childhood help dictate your eating habits as you get older, writes Tom Jacobs in his summary of a recent study on Pacific Standard.
The examples set by ones' parents at the dinner table during childhood could help define the choices we make when we're standing in the college dining hall line, picking food for ourselves. What's more, Devina Wadhera, lead author of the study that was published in the journal Appetite, writes:
"Parental encouragement and modeling was positively related to current liking, even for foods that were disliked in childhood. Frequent exposure to foods in childhood could be a simple and effective way for parents and caregivers to instill healthy eating habits in children."
The study featured 670 students that were presented with 122 foods. Researchers inquired about their history with each one: whether they enjoyed eating it as a kid; did their parents force or encourage them to eat said food; were there any foods that were restricted; and so on. The researchers managed to get 128 of the participants' parents to fill out a complementary survey to corroborate that their associations with the foods were true. The researchers found:
"The perceived recollection of frequent consumption of foods in childhood was significantly related to current liking for the vast majority of the foods, including nutritious foods such as vegetables. Similarly, parental encouragement and modeling was positively related to current liking, even for foods that were disliked in childhood."
The opposite effects also held true. Foods that the participants were not exposed to in youth led to them disliking the food as adults. This association was beneficial for certain foods (e.g., Twinkies, donuts, bacon), but bad for healthier foods (e.g., veggies).
Parents who forced their children to consume certain foods, however, left participants with a bad taste of those foods later on in life. Whereas a parent's constant restriction of a certain food led participants to desire it all the more later on in life.
So parents, bear with your child's stubborn resistance to Brussels sprouts; your hard work will pay off in the long run. Just by exposing your kid to that food will mean he or she will make better choices later on in life. There will just have to be more coercion involved in order to get them to actually eat it.
Read more at Pacific Standard.
Photo Credit: Shutterstock
The Spilhaus Projection may be more than 75 years old, but it has never been more relevant than today.
- Athelstan Spilhaus designed an oceanic thermometer to fight the Nazis, and the weather balloon that got mistaken for a UFO in Roswell.
- In 1942, he produced a world map with a unique perspective, presenting the world's oceans as one body of water.
- The Spilhaus Projection could be just what the oceans need to get the attention their problems deserve.
It's just the current cycle that involves opiates, but methamphetamine, cocaine, and others have caused the trajectory of overdoses to head the same direction
- It appears that overdoses are increasing exponentially, no matter the drug itself
- If the study bears out, it means that even reducing opiates will not slow the trajectory.
- The causes of these trends remain obscure, but near the end of the write-up about the study, a hint might be apparent
Through computationally intensive computer simulations, researchers have discovered that "nuclear pasta," found in the crusts of neutron stars, is the strongest material in the universe.
- The strongest material in the universe may be the whimsically named "nuclear pasta."
- You can find this substance in the crust of neutron stars.
- This amazing material is super-dense, and is 10 billion times harder to break than steel.
Superman is known as the "Man of Steel" for his strength and indestructibility. But the discovery of a new material that's 10 billion times harder to break than steel begs the question—is it time for a new superhero known as "Nuclear Pasta"? That's the name of the substance that a team of researchers thinks is the strongest known material in the universe.
Unlike humans, when stars reach a certain age, they do not just wither and die, but they explode, collapsing into a mass of neurons. The resulting space entity, known as a neutron star, is incredibly dense. So much so that previous research showed that the surface of a such a star would feature amazingly strong material. The new research, which involved the largest-ever computer simulations of a neutron star's crust, proposes that "nuclear pasta," the material just under the surface, is actually stronger.
The competition between forces from protons and neutrons inside a neutron star create super-dense shapes that look like long cylinders or flat planes, referred to as "spaghetti" and "lasagna," respectively. That's also where we get the overall name of nuclear pasta.
Caplan & Horowitz/arXiv
Diagrams illustrating the different types of so-called nuclear pasta.
The researchers' computer simulations needed 2 million hours of processor time before completion, which would be, according to a press release from McGill University, "the equivalent of 250 years on a laptop with a single good GPU." Fortunately, the researchers had access to a supercomputer, although it still took a couple of years. The scientists' simulations consisted of stretching and deforming the nuclear pasta to see how it behaved and what it would take to break it.
While they were able to discover just how strong nuclear pasta seems to be, no one is holding their breath that we'll be sending out missions to mine this substance any time soon. Instead, the discovery has other significant applications.
One of the study's co-authors, Matthew Caplan, a postdoctoral research fellow at McGill University, said the neutron stars would be "a hundred trillion times denser than anything on earth." Understanding what's inside them would be valuable for astronomers because now only the outer layer of such starts can be observed.
"A lot of interesting physics is going on here under extreme conditions and so understanding the physical properties of a neutron star is a way for scientists to test their theories and models," Caplan added. "With this result, many problems need to be revisited. How large a mountain can you build on a neutron star before the crust breaks and it collapses? What will it look like? And most importantly, how can astronomers observe it?"
Another possibility worth studying is that, due to its instability, nuclear pasta might generate gravitational waves. It may be possible to observe them at some point here on Earth by utilizing very sensitive equipment.
The team of scientists also included A. S. Schneider from California Institute of Technology and C. J. Horowitz from Indiana University.
Check out the study "The elasticity of nuclear pasta," published in Physical Review Letters.
SMARTER FASTER trademarks owned by The Big Think, Inc. All rights reserved.