An Addict’s Choice
Everything you think you know about substance abuse is wrong, according to a new book “Addiction: A Disorder of Choice,” which says addiction is “voluntary behavior.”
Everything you think you know about substance abuse is wrong, according to a new book "Addiction: A Disorder of Choice," which says addiction is "voluntary behavior." Written by Gene Heyman, a research psychologist at McLean Hospital and a lecturer at Harvard, the book exacts an exemplary assault on the brain-based model of addiction. Without going so far as to say that addiction is independent of the brain, he attempts to break down the term "addiction" as it is commonly understood: to mean that substance abuse is an act beyond the user’s control. Heyman writes, "[a]ddiction … helps us understand voluntary behavior." How so? "[B]ecause," he explains, "it is not possible to understand addiction without understanding how we make choices." His book is "an invaluable tutorial in how to think about drug addiction [and] in bucking the medicalization trend, Heyman pits himself squarely against the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the nation’s main research facility on addiction, which coined the slogan that ‘addiction is a chronic and relapsing brain disease,’" remarks The New Republic.
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Here are 7 often-overlooked World Heritage Sites, each with its own history.
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites are locations of high value to humanity, either for their cultural, historical, or natural significance.
- Some are even designated as World Heritage Sites because humans don't go there at all, while others have felt the effects of too much human influence.
- These 7 UNESCO World Heritage Sites each represent an overlooked or at-risk facet of humanity's collective cultural heritage.
Famous physicists like Richard Feynman think 137 holds the answers to the Universe.
- The fine structure constant has mystified scientists since the 1800s.
- The number 1/137 might hold the clues to the Grand Unified Theory.
- Relativity, electromagnetism and quantum mechanics are unified by the number.
A new method promises to capture an elusive dark world particle.
- Scientists working on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) devised a method for trapping dark matter particles.
- Dark matter is estimated to take up 26.8% of all matter in the Universe.
- The researchers will be able to try their approach in 2021, when the LHC goes back online.
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