A Human-Like Computer
CLARION is a computer program that performs the same way human subjects do in some impressive cognitive tests—not by mimicking what we think, but how we think.
When presented with a complex problem, no person knows the solution instantly. There is a problem solving process, that in the early twentieth century was officially broken down into named stages by researchers; preparation, incubation, insight, and verification. This was termed 'stage decomposition,' and as most theories do, it formed the basis for more theories. The stage termed 'incubation' was particularly hotly contested. What exactly happened during that period? Was it a time of rest for the mind? ... Ron Sun and Sèbastien Hèlie didn't want to limit themselves. They incorporated all the possible stages into the CLARION program. They then gave the model problems to solve.
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Upload your mind? Here's a reality check on the Singularity.
- Though computer engineers claim to know what human consciousness is, many neuroscientists say that we're nowhere close to understanding what it is, or its source.
- Scientists are currently trying to upload human minds to silicon chips, or re-create consciousness with algorithms, but this may be hubristic because we still know so little about what it means to be human.
- Is transhumanism a journey forward or an escape from reality?
The Harvard psychologist loves reading authors' rules for writing. Here are his own.
- Steven Pinker is many things: linguist, psychologist, optimist, Harvard professor, and author.
- When it comes to writing, he's a student and a teacher.
- Here's are his 13 rules for writing better, more simply, and more clearly.
A completely unexpected discovery beneath the ice.
- Scientists find remains of a tardigrade and crustaceans in a deep, frozen Antarctic lake.
- The creatures' origin is unknown, and further study is ongoing.
- Biology speaks up about Antarctica's history.
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