Augusto Boal: "I believe in real democracy, not phony democracy."

"I believe in democracy, but in real democracy, not a phony democracy in which just powerful people can speak. For me, in a democracy everyone speaks."

Augusto Boal (1931-2009) was a Brazilian theatre practitioner who, after being kidnapped, tortured and exiled during the 1970s, established a theatrical form known as Theatre of the Oppressed. Inspired by fellow Brazilian Paulo Freire, Boal's new form sought to employ performance as an educational tool through which members of the audience become active participants in the theatrical experience. Boal, who also spent five years as a city councilmember in Rio de Janeiro, was one of the most influential theatre figures of the past 50 years.


"I believe in democracy, but in real democracy, not a phony democracy in which just powerful people can speak. For me, in a democracy everyone speaks."

Source: As quoted in "To Dynamize the Audience: Interview with Augusto Boal" by Robert Enight, Canadian Theatre Review 47 (Summer 1986), pp. 41-49

(h/t Wikiquote)

Photo credit: "Augusto Boal nyc3" by Jonathan McIntosh - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons.

Behold, the closest-ever photo of a coronal streamer

It was captured by the Parker Solar Probe, which is currently studying the star.

NASA
Surprising Science
  • NASA's Parker Solar Probe is currently traveling closer to the sun than any other spacecraft before it.
  • The probe is recording data on the star to help scientists learn more about the star and its volatile nature.
  • Also this week, NASA released the first images of its Mars InSight lander taken from space.
Keep reading Show less

An end to suffering: 10 quotes on Buddhist philosophy

It's not what you have, it's what you do with it.

Personal Growth
  • Buddhism has been applied differently across the planet as it enters new cultures.
  • The underlying philosophical foundation is applicable to diverse situations, whether religious or secular.
  • But it is a practice, not a belief, and must be treated as a discipline for retraining consciousness.
Keep reading Show less

Why women make businesses more profitable

When it comes to the workplace, more diversity means more money.

Shutterstock
Culture & Religion
  • While the workplace is slowly diversifying, some industries have been slow to change.
  • A growing body of research is uncovering that workplaces with greater diversity actual perform better. One of the clearest examples of this effect is in venture capitalism, where nearly all venture capitalists are white, male, Harvard graduates.
  • When VC firms hire more women, their effectiveness and profitability explodes.
Keep reading Show less