Who are you?
Niall Ferguson, MA, D.Phil., is the Milbank Family Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, and a senior fellow of the Center for European Studies, Harvard, where he served for 12 years as the Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History. He is also a visiting professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing, and the Diller-von Furstenberg Family Foundation Distinguished Scholar at the Nitze School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, DC.
He is the author of 14 books. His first, Paper and Iron: Hamburg Business and German Politics in the Era of Inflation 1897-1927, was short-listed for the History Today Book of the Year award, while the collection of essays he edited, Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals, was a UK bestseller. In 1998 he published to international critical acclaim The Pity of War: Explaining World War One and The World’s Banker: The History of the House of Rothschild. The latter won the Wadsworth Prize for Business History and was also short-listed for the Jewish Quarterly/Wingate Literary Award and the American National Jewish Book Award.
His latest book is The Square and the Tower: Networks and Power, from the Freemasons to Facebook (2017).
Topic: Growing up nationalist.
Niall Ferguson: My name is Niall Ferguson. I’m Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History at Harvard, but I’m also William Ziegler Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School. And I’m a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford, and of Jesus College, Oxford.
I was born in Glasgow in 1964, and I grew up in an atmosphere of, I suppose, late Calvinism crossed with the Scottish enlightenment.
My parents were both scientists. They were rationalists and are rationalists, and encouraged me to think of the world in the terms that had been, in so many ways, pioneered in 18th century Scotland.
If I took a day off school, my father would hand me a copy of Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations and say, "You should use this time usefully. Read that."
And so I guess I acquired from early on his work ethic. Max Faber was right about Protestants and work, at least where the west of Scotland was concerned. But I think that was tempered by a kind of skepticism that Scotland produced rather later in the 18th century.
Question: How did living in Kenya shape your sense of colonial history?
Niall Ferguson: I was very small indeed when my father took a job in Nairobi. I think I was all of two years old, and we lived there for two years. So this was in my early, early childhood. My earliest memories are of Africa and of its extraordinary luminosity. This became much more powerful as a memory in contrast with the dreary, gray, cold Glasgow that we returned to when I was turning five.
I can say that at the age of four, I had very sophisticated political insights. I don’t think I then knew the difference between a colony and an independent state, which Kenya had only just become. So I’m not sure that I can claim that those childhood experiences had a very profound affect on my thinking as an historian; but they did implant in me a passionate, visceral love of that part of the world.
And whenever I go back to east Africa, I’m amazed at the power of these deep childhood memories. I have my pristian moments exclusively in Africa.
Recorded on: October 31, 2007
Growing up nationalist.
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