What is the relationship between an object and its creator?
James Zemaitis began his auction career in 1996 at Christie's, where he worked for three years in the 20th Century Design department. Prior to his arrival at Sotheby's in 2003, Mr. Zemaitis organized a series of groundbreaking sales at Phillips, de Pury & Luxembourg, where he was Worldwide Head of 20th-21st Century Design.
From his record-breaking $21.5 million sale total in December 2003 and the landmark sale of the Farnsworth House by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe to the National Trust, to our December 2006 offering of New Life for the Noble Tree: The Dr. Arthur & Evelyn Krosnick Collection of Masterworks by George Nakashima, Sotheby's has raised the market to new heights, commanded extraordinary attention from the press and attracted a host of new collectors.
In the past five years, Mr. Zemaitis has been profiled in The New York Times and The New York Times Magazine, House & Garden, Art & Auction, Wallpaper and Cargo. In May 2006, he was voted "one of the 200 most influential New Yorkers" in New York magazine. Mr. Zemaitis serves on the Boards of The Wolfsonian, Miami Beach, and Manitoga: The Russel Wright Design Center, Garrison, New York.
Mr. Zemaitis received a B.A. in Art History from Oberlin College. He pursued graduate work in American Architectural History at Rutgers University.
James Zemaitis : I think it really depends because many of the pieces that have become the most iconic works on the auction and private market as opposed to their appearance in kind of, you know, encyclopedic, “What is good design?” manuals are works that were possible commercial failures at the get-go . . . from the get-go; works that were prototypes but were rejected by a mass producer because it was too expensive to produce. They were very personal works that were frequently . . . the artists kept for many, many years. And only after they passed away, their estate sold it to somebody who sold it to somebody, and that’s how we end up with it. So many of the works that we do . . . that are frequently the most, you know, sought after are the mistakes – are the true rarities of the market.
Second of all you have works that were site specific. And one of the most unusual aspects of today’s art market in terms of design is the fact that frequently we’re selling somebody’s dormitory furniture. You know Jean Prouve did incredible installations for dormitories for students in Paris; for employees of Air France who are squatting in the Congo in these Quonset huts that Prouve designed that have become themselves works of art. So we are kind of . . . We’re eluding in a sense – although usually it is the . . . This isn’t a question of stealing antiquities out of the ground. But this is a question of dismantling the past and pulling pieces out of their original intent; and sometimes reshaping them, restoring them, and changing them into sculptures that can be placed into the gallery. So for a committed socialist like Jean Prouve who was a less than adequate business man; and frequently his factory was in financial trouble; who was always thinking in utopian ways how to create mass production furniture for displaced workers for students. I mean if he was alive today to see this work fetishized, repainted, and in some cases rebuilt and turned into sculpture by today’s art market, I mean I can’t imagine what his reaction would be. It’s the opposite of today’s contemporary designers who are very much linked into what we’re doing; and are in many cases creating works of art that are available in addition form; retail through contemporary art gallery like Gagosian here in New York, and are designed to make as much money as possible, and then to increase in value within the next few years. Recorded on: 1/30/08
A designer's "mistakes" are become increasingly valuable in the marketplace, Zemaitis says.
A pragmatic approach to fixing an imbalanced system.
- Intentional or not, certain inequalities are inherent in a digital economy that is structured and controlled by a few corporations that don't represent the interests or the demographics of the majority.
- While concern and anger are valid reactions to these inequalities, UCLA professor Ramesh Srinivasan also sees it as an opportunity to take action.
- Srinivasan says that the digital economy can be reshaped to benefit the 99 percent if we protect laborers in the gig economy, get independent journalists involved with the design of algorithmic news systems, support small businesses, and find ways that groups that have been historically discriminated against can be a part of these solutions.
Is there a way for more human-centered algorithms to prevent potentially triggering interactions on social media?
- According to a 2017 study, 71% of people reported feeling better (rediscovery of self and positive emotions) about 11 weeks after a breakup. But social media complicates this healing process.
- Even if you "unfriend", block, or unfollow, social media algorithms can create upsetting encounters with your ex-partner or reminders of the relationship that once was.
- Researchers at University of Colorado Boulder suggest that a "human-centered approach" to creating algorithms can help the system better understand the complex social interactions we have with people online and prevent potentially upsetting encounters.