What does it mean to be Latin?
Gloria Estefan is a Cuban American singer and songwriter. She was born in Havana, Cuba, and at the age of 16 months, she moved with her mother to Miami, Florida, following the Cuban Revolution. Named the "Queen of Latin Pop", she is in or near the top 100 of best selling music artists with over 90 million albums sold worldwide. With five Grammy Awards and several number one hits she is the most successful crossover performer in Latin music to date. In addition to her music career, Estefan has appeared in two movies, Music of the Heart (1999) and For Love or Country.
Gloria Estefan: To me it is an enriching thing. I think this country is built on immigration, on the fusion of cultures, and the beauty of this country is that you can be a part of this, too, but you don’t have to melt into it. I think we have a lot of opportunities, we have come a long way; there is still a long way to go, especially in just dispelling myths and fears because that tends to happen a lot, especially every time there is a political situation going on, they always try to blame the last ones in the country, and we keep coming in, so it is always us. But I think that through the opportunities that we have had here with Tribeca and in my career, really, because I can’t say that we were discriminated against. What made us shine was the fact that we sounded different in our, in the Latin part of us, so, for us, it spelled success and bringing something new into a market and I hope to never forget that and I hope to carry that on through my kids as well.
Recorded on: May 2 2008
It is an enriching thing, says Gloria Estefan.
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It turns out, that tattoo ink can travel throughout your body and settle in lymph nodes.
In the slightly macabre experiment to find out where tattoo ink travels to in the body, French and German researchers recently used synchrotron X-ray fluorescence in four "inked" human cadavers — as well as one without. The results of their 2017 study? Some of the tattoo ink apparently settled in lymph nodes.
Image from the study.
As the authors explain in the study — they hail from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, and the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment — it would have been unethical to test this on live animals since those creatures would not be able to give permission to be tattooed.
Because of the prevalence of tattoos these days, the researchers wanted to find out if the ink could be harmful in some way.
"The increasing prevalence of tattoos provoked safety concerns with respect to particle distribution and effects inside the human body," they write.
It works like this: Since lymph nodes filter lymph, which is the fluid that carries white blood cells throughout the body in an effort to fight infections that are encountered, that is where some of the ink particles collect.
Image by authors of the study.
Titanium dioxide appears to be the thing that travels. It's a white tattoo ink pigment that's mixed with other colors all the time to control shades.
The study's authors will keep working on this in the meantime.
“In future experiments we will also look into the pigment and heavy metal burden of other, more distant internal organs and tissues in order to track any possible bio-distribution of tattoo ink ingredients throughout the body. The outcome of these investigations not only will be helpful in the assessment of the health risks associated with tattooing but also in the judgment of other exposures such as, e.g., the entrance of TiO2 nanoparticles present in cosmetics at the site of damaged skin."
It's one of the most consistent patterns in the unviverse. What causes it?
- Spinning discs are everywhere – just look at our solar system, the rings of Saturn, and all the spiral galaxies in the universe.
- Spinning discs are the result of two things: The force of gravity and a phenomenon in physics called the conservation of angular momentum.
- Gravity brings matter together; the closer the matter gets, the more it accelerates – much like an ice skater who spins faster and faster the closer their arms get to their body. Then, this spinning cloud collapses due to up and down and diagonal collisions that cancel each other out until the only motion they have in common is the spin – and voila: A flat disc.
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