Self-Motivation
David Goggins
Former Navy Seal
Career Development
Bryan Cranston
Actor
Critical Thinking
Liv Boeree
International Poker Champion
Emotional Intelligence
Amaryllis Fox
Former CIA Clandestine Operative
Management
Chris Hadfield
Retired Canadian Astronaut & Author
Learn
from the world's big
thinkers
Start Learning

Transatlantic Relations Today

Question: What has been the impact of the Iraq war for transatlantic relations?


Mark Leonard:  I think the Iraq War has had a catastrophic impact on America’s image around the world.  If you talk to ordinary citizens, even in countries whose government supported the Iraq War, like the United Kingdom, their trust and respect for the actions of the U.S. government and for American foreign policy has reached a historical low, and they basically are not willing to give the U.S. the benefit of the doubt anymore in anything, and the idea of American leadership on big, global issues certainly, but with this administration it’s kind of unthinkable.  I’m not sure how long lasting that is.  I think some of that can change with a new administration, if there’s an Obama or a Clinton or even a McCain presidency.  People are instinctively going to rebel against everything they decide to do in the same way that they do with the George Bush administration.  But I do think that underlying that there is a bigger difference between now and the past, which is the fact that the Cold War has ended, and Europeans no longer depend on the U.S. to protect them in the way that they did during the Cold War.  I think that that is a big structural change, which is much more important than the Iraq War.  Maybe what happened over the Iraq War was a reflection of the fact that Europeans could afford not to, some European governments could afford not to back the U.S. because they didn’t need American protection in the way they did during the Cold War. 


Question: Are Europeans interested in the US election?
Mark Leonard:  I think they’re obsessive watchers of the American election, with all the twists and turns in the different primaries, and the battle between Hillary and Obama is something which has completely energized lots of Europeans.  I think it’s one of the things which will lead to a big change in the way that the U.S. is perceived, is the genius the American political system has to reinvent America, and to give itself a second chance by casting one group of people out and having an entirely new cast of people who are in charge of the country.

Question: How will conservative gains in British elections affect their foreign policy?


Mark Leonard:  If there’s a conservative government in Britain, I think there will initially be an attempt to move further away from the European mainstream than the Blair and Brown governments have been in recent years.  There’s a lot of ideological skepticism about the European project in the conservative party.  But I think that I’m not sure how long this policy will last, or how far they can take it.  In a way, all governments, when they come into power, have a pretty rude awakening when they start dealing with issues in the real world.  We saw it with George Bush, where you look at the famous article in “Foreign Affairs” by Condoleezza Rice, which talked about humble American foreign policy not getting entangled in adventures abroad, and then what happened after September the 11th.  It was like night and day.  And I think we might very well find the same thing happens with a conservative government in the UK, because there is, quite frankly, no future for British foreign policy outside of the European context.  And for must of the things that Britain wants to do in the world, the most effective way to do it is going to be by working with
European partners and having a strong relationship with the U.S., but there aren’t that many alternatives available for Britain. 

Mark Leonard describes Europe's current unhappiness with America.

The “new normal” paradox: What COVID-19 has revealed about higher education

Higher education faces challenges that are unlike any other industry. What path will ASU, and universities like ASU, take in a post-COVID world?

Photo: Luis Robayo/AFP via Getty Images
Sponsored by Charles Koch Foundation
  • Everywhere you turn, the idea that coronavirus has brought on a "new normal" is present and true. But for higher education, COVID-19 exposes a long list of pernicious old problems more than it presents new problems.
  • It was widely known, yet ignored, that digital instruction must be embraced. When combined with traditional, in-person teaching, it can enhance student learning outcomes at scale.
  • COVID-19 has forced institutions to understand that far too many higher education outcomes are determined by a student's family income, and in the context of COVID-19 this means that lower-income students, first-generation students and students of color will be disproportionately afflicted.
Keep reading Show less

The biology of aliens: How much do we know?

Hollywood has created an idea of aliens that doesn't match the science.

Videos
  • Ask someone what they think aliens look like and you'll probably get a description heavily informed by films and pop culture. The existence of life beyond our planet has yet to be confirmed, but there are clues as to the biology of extraterrestrials in science.
  • "Don't give them claws," says biologist E.O. Wilson. "Claws are for carnivores and you've got to be an omnivore to be an E.T. There just isn't enough energy available in the next trophic level down to maintain big populations and stable populations that can evolve civilization."
  • In this compilation, Wilson, theoretical physicist Michio Kaku, Bill Nye, and evolutionary biologist Jonathan B. Losos explain why aliens don't look like us and why Hollywood depictions are mostly inaccurate.
Keep reading Show less

Live on Tuesday | Personal finance in the COVID-19 era

Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.

Masturbation boosts your immune system, helping you fight off infection and illness

Can an orgasm a day really keep the doctor away?

Image by Yurchanka Siarhei on Shutterstock
Sex & Relationships
  • Achieving orgasm through masturbation provides a rush of feel-good hormones (such as dopamine, serotonin and oxytocin) and can re-balance our levels of cortisol (a stress-inducing hormone). This helps our immune system function at a higher level.
  • The surge in "feel-good" hormones also promotes a more relaxed and calm state of being, making it easier to achieve restful sleep, which is a critical part in maintaining a high-functioning immune system.
  • Just as bad habits can slow your immune system, positive habits (such as a healthy sleep schedule and active sex life) can help boost your immune system which can prevent you from becoming sick.
Keep reading Show less

How DNA revealed the woolly mammoth's fate – and what it teaches us today

Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.

Ethan Miller/Getty Images
Surprising Science

Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.

Keep reading Show less
Quantcast