Tim Keller on Growing Up With Faith
Timothy Keller is an American author, speaker, and the founding pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church (PCA) in New York City, New York. Timothy is the author of The Reason for God and The Prodigal God.
He was born and raised in Pennsylvania, and educated at Bucknell University, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and Westminster Theological Seminary. However, he learned the most from his nine years as a pastor of West Hopewell Presbyterian Church in the small blue-collar town of Hopewell, Virginia. The congregation there loved him, suffered through his earliest days as a pastor, and taught an intellectual northerner to be clear. His second church was Redeemer Presbyterian Church in Manhattan, which he started in 1989 with his wife, Kathy, and three young sons.
Question: Did you grow up in a religious house?
Keller: I grew up in a Lutheran Church pretty much a mainline, not particularly conservative Lutheran Church. In college, I had a lot of doubts about whether I was going to be a Christian at all like a lot of people and that my college years where 1968 to 1972. I would say one of the main problems I have at that time was people that believed in justice and civil rights tended to be secular. People who believe in Orthodox Christianity tend to think that Martin Luther King, Jr. was a communist. I felt like the people who were secular didn’t have a very great basis for saying these things are right and wrong since after all if there’s no God then it’s just strong and the weak that’s evolution. But I thought the Orthodox people seem to be very regressive and I struggled during colleges just whether I’d be a Christian or not. I came out of it as a, you might say, an Evangelical Presbyterian minister which is all within about five years.
Question: Did you have an awakening?
Keller: There was a small epiphany because I found a small group of Christians that I saw were trying to pull that together. We try to bring Orthodox together with the concern for justice, problems they saw in the country at that time. Later on, I began to realize that the Civil Rights Movement to the great degree from the Black Church had very strong Christian theological roots. There’s a book by David Chappell called “A Stone of Hope” that really shows that black clergy had a doctrine of original sin that led them to do civil disobedience. They did not expect that just education was going to be enough to get justice and that white liberals who tended to be secular had a tendency back in the ‘50s to say just slow down, don’t break the law, you know, things will evolve through education. And a lot of black clerics including Martin Luther King, Jr. were affected by Reinhold Niebuhr, another Orthodox theologian and said no, no. Sin is going to keep people from giving you your rights and you’re going to have to go get them. So, later on, I came to realize that the Civil Rights Movement had a Christian, a heavy Christian base and I was wrong because all I saw were the white people who were in the Civil Rights Movement in the North. I didn’t see the black people who were and a lot of them were [believe in] Christians.
The Pastor recalls how he first turned to faith.
60 is the new 30, says Melanie Katzman. Embrace your age and the benefits that come with it.
- Melanie Katzman has 30 years of experience in her field, yet was advised to tell people she had just 20 years of experience so she wouldn't seem too out of touch.
- Katzman strongly disagrees with that assessment of age in the workplace. Rather than see it as a liability, older professionals should embrace their age and experience. They can see patterns more broadly, plus they have deep network connections, information, and the desire to be generous.
- "Research shows us that generativity flows downhill," says Katzman. "... New recruits and aging boomers can really change the world together but we have to not be afraid of stating our age."
Researchers believe that the practice of sleeping through the whole night didn’t really take hold until just a few hundred years ago.
She was wide awake and it was nearly two in the morning. When asked if everything was alright, she said, “Yes." Asked why she couldn't get to sleep she said, “I don't know." Neuroscientist Russell Foster of Oxford might suggest she was exhibiting “a throwback to the bi-modal sleep pattern." Research suggests we used to sleep in two segments with a period of wakefulness in-between.
With just a few strategical tweaks, the Nazis could have won one of World War II's most decisive battles.
- The Battle of Britain is widely recognized as one of the most significant battles that occurred during World War II. It marked the first major victory of the Allied forces and shifted the tide of the war.
- Historians, however, have long debated the deciding factor in the British victory and German defeat.
- A new mathematical model took into account numerous alternative tactics that the German's could have made and found that just two tweaks stood between them and victory over Britain.