The U.S. Government's Role in the Economy

Topic: The U.S. Government's Role in the Economy

Robert Hormats: There are several things. First candor. A very candid, very direct dialogue with the American people about the fundamental issues and the fundamental choices we face as a country.

What are the options for reforming Social Security? What are the options for reforming Medicare? What are the options for strengthening our educational system – dramatically strengthening it, which it needs. What are the options for reducing our dependence on imported oil? What are the options for ensuring that there’s sufficient funds available to protect us and fight the war on terror?

The problem is that this administration [i.e. the George W. Bush administration] and many members of Congress have not been willing to take on these tough issues. They’ve created the impression that you can do these things on the cheap. For instance, you can’t finance the military through backdoor spending or supplementals; that you really don’t need to make tough choices among national priorities; that you can promise things for the future and let someone else deal with them five, ten years down the road.

And therefore candor is, I think, the most important thing for the president; the new president to exhibit.

And the second is that we have to understand what it takes to compete in this new world economy, and also what it takes to ensure that a sizeable number of Americans do not feel left behind by new technologies, by new productivity enhancing devices, by globalization.

Too many people feel that new technology is a threat to them; that new changes in the global system – globalization of trade and investment – are harmful to them or disruptive of their lives; that they can’t compete in that environment, then we’re going to have a fractured economy.

Then we’re going to have a very corrosive political and social system where one group of people sees itself as benefiting enormously from technical progress, from globalization; and another group sees these things as enormous threats.

And that leads to the question of a widening income gap. That also in this country can be very corrosive of our system.

And third, if people don’t have the sense that there’s upward mobility, many of them will feel that the system is blocked for them; that they simply can’t adjust to these changes and they will become very, very unhappy. But more than unhappy, they’ll be working against the kinds of technical change which the overall economy needs to maintain its edge.

So people have to be brought into the process. They have to see the process of change as beneficial to them, and not see it as antithetical to their interests.


Recorded On: July 25, 2007

The American people need more candor, Hormats says.

Why the White House Correspondents’ Association dinner won’t feature a comedian in 2019

It's the first time the association hasn't hired a comedian in 16 years.

(Photo by Anna Webber/Getty Images for Vulture Festival)
Culture & Religion
  • The 2018 WHCA ended in controversy after comedian Michelle Wolf made jokes some considered to be offensive.
  • The WHCA apologized for Wolf's jokes, though some journalists and many comedians backed the comedian and decried arguments in favor of limiting the types of speech permitted at the event.
  • Ron Chernow, who penned a bestselling biography of Alexander Hamilton, will speak at next year's dinner.
Keep reading Show less

How to split the USA into two countries: Red and Blue

Progressive America would be half as big, but twice as populated as its conservative twin.

Image: Dicken Schrader
Strange Maps
  • America's two political tribes have consolidated into 'red' and 'blue' nations, with seemingly irreconcilable differences.
  • Perhaps the best way to stop the infighting is to go for a divorce and give the two nations a country each
  • Based on the UN's partition plan for Israel/Palestine, this proposal provides territorial contiguity and sea access to both 'red' and 'blue' America
Keep reading Show less

A new study says alcohol changes how the brain creates memories

A study on flies may hold the key to future addiction treatments.

Scott Barbour/Getty Images
Mind & Brain
  • A new study suggests that drinking alcohol can affect how memories are stored away as good or bad.
  • This may have drastic implications for how addiction is caused and how people recall intoxication.
  • The findings may one day lead to a new form of treatment for those suffering from addiction.
Keep reading Show less