The Story Behind 3:10 to Yuma
Topic: The story Behind 3:10 to Yuma
Derek Haas: That was actually good agenting, we shared an agent with the Director, Jim Mangold, and we found out from our agent that one of Jim’s favorite movies is 3:10 to Yuma, the original 1957 version, which I had seen as a kid. I grew up in Texas and my Dad’s a huge western fan, I myself am a huge western fan. So when we heard that he liked that movie, Michael and I went and rented the movie again, thought about how you could modernize it and update it. Went in and met with Jim and Kathy Connors his producing partner and just had two or three conversation with them about here’s what we could do. We didn’t want to just remake the 1957 movie which was based on an Elmore Leonard short story, too. We saw what was missing in the original movie. The original movie is almost like a two-act play and we thought what was actually missing was the middle chapter of that, of putting these two guys on the road. Two guys who come from opposite ends of the spectrum and then said why don’t we take the character Christian Bale who ends up playing Dan Evans, take his son who is barely hinted at in the original movie and put the son on the road and tell the movie like it’s a morality tale for the son’s soul. That to us was how best we could modernize it, Michael already cited those old Nike commercial with Charles Barkley, where he said, ”I’m not a role model.” And we said, ”how does a blue-collar dad in America right now compete with all of theses messages and these athletes and these million dollar salaried players?” The dad’s just trying to put food on the table and the kid is worshiping some guy who is telling him the opposite message. We thought that would make a great…you know, let’s put it back in the Old West, and put it between a gunslinger and a rancher and put that on the road and that’s where that all came from.
Question: How do you develop characters?
Derek Haas: No, 99% of the time you’re not, you’re just writing with a faceless character in your mind and then when casting happens sometimes that does affect the way that you do re-writes. We have a movies called Wanted that opens next week and we spent months coming up with dialogue for this one character to kind of explain the history of this group of assassins that the movie moved around. Morgan Freeman gets tasked to play that part and all of a sudden we realize we don’t have to spend a lot of time explaining, because if Morgan Freeman says it, he’s played God in two movies, he could tell you the sky is green and the grass is blue and you’d believe it. It definitely affects the way you do the subsequent drafts, but then you are writing it could be anybody. We’ve seen it enough times when you’re thinking OK I’m gonna write this for a young guy who is coming out of college and they end up casting somebody much older so you just have to tell the story the way you want to tell it and then adapt after the casting happens. Now we’re doing an adaptation of a Robert Ludlum book called the Matarese Circle and we have Denzel Washington attached to play one of the leads going in, so we know that before we ever type fade in, you know it’s going to be Denzel. Definitely in your mind you picture it differently than had we not cast him. Now whether or not he ends up doing the movie you never know, so there could be a re-write coming in the future.
Question: What are you writing now?
Derek Haas: Wanted was a limited edition comic book, six issues, that they ended up compiling into a graphic novel. Written and created by this guy named Mark Namara and J. G. Jones, and these two guys wrote this really outlandish, acerbic, nihilistic book that was like nothing Michael and I had seen. We had just been given the first issue of the book by Universal who had snapped up the rights to it. Universal asked us if we wanted to adapt it, we said, “yes,”and we started working just from that first issue. The second issue came out while we were working and that sort of formed the first act of the movie, usually movies are told in three acts. The intro was those first two issues. The third issue came out and went in a totally different direction then where we were going and so we said we wanted to keep going in the direction we were going and the Studio agreed. So we wrote a script based on this kid who gets out of college and is working in cubicle and his girlfriend is sleeping with his best friend and his boss yells at him, and he is looking around saying, ”"Is this all there is?”, which I feel all of us went through when we got out of college, or a lot of us did, unless you were lucky. Then he is walking through a grocery store and the most beautiful woman in the world walks up to him as says, “I knew your father,” he says, “My father left the week I was born.” She says, “No, your father died yesterday, he was the greatest assassin of all time, we think it’s genetic, we’re bringing you in.” Then we’re off and running. So that’s the movie, and we’ve got this great director who’s Russian, Timor Bekmomadov, who is a visual madman. If you’ve seen the trailers at all or by the time you see this in the movie you can see what he did for us.
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Whether or not women think beards are sexy has to do with "moral disgust"
- A new study found that women perceive men with facial hair to be more attractive as well as physically and socially dominant.
- Women tend to associate more masculine faces with physical strength, social assertiveness, and formidability.
- Women who display higher levels of "moral disgust," or feelings of repugnance toward taboo behaviors, are more likely to prefer hairy faces.
Beards and perceptions of masculinity<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMjU5OTg0MC9vcmlnaW4uanBnIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTY0NzkxMjM3N30.cH-GqNwP5GVqvstgJWAhBPn1B_lYpVEAI0I7iax7EQw/img.jpg?width=1245&coordinates=0%2C1900%2C0%2C849&height=700" id="caae6" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="cb0a355a4e8e1899789bc45f3f7aef56" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />
Photo Credit: Wikimedia<p>The study used 919 American (mostly white) women ages 18-70 who rated 30 pictures of men they were shown with various stages of facial hair growth. The photographs depicted men with faces that had been digitally altered to look more feminine or more masculine, with a beard and without a beard. The women rated the men according to perceived attractiveness for long-term and short-term relationships. The study found that the more facial hair the men had, the higher the men were rated on their attractiveness, particularly for their suitability for a long-term relationship.</p><p>Part of this might be attributed to facial masculinity — i.e. protruding brow ridge, wide cheekbones, thick jawline, and deeply set narrow eyes — which conveys information to a woman about a man's underlying health and formidability. Women tend to associate more masculine faces with physical strength and social assertiveness. It can also indicate a man with a superior immune response. The researchers suggested that their findings favoring bearded men could be due to the fact that facial hair enhances the masculine facial features on a man's face, like creating the illusion of a thicker jaw line. This could communicate direct benefits to women like resources and protection that would enhance survival among mothers and their infants. In other words, while a beard doesn't mean superior genetics in and of itself, it might be a primitive, ornamental way of saying, "Hey girl, I'm a testosterone-fueled lean, mean, pathogen fighting machine." <br></p><p>It could also be that a beard becomes its own destiny. The researchers in this study cite prior research that found that by growing a beard, men felt more masculine and had higher levels of serum testosterone, which was linked to a higher level of social dominance. They also tended to subscribe to more old-school beliefs about gender roles in their relationships with women as compared to men with clean-shaven faces.<span></span><br></p>
What does disgust have to do with beard preference?<p>Obviously, not all women dig beards. The researchers were particularly interested in what traits make a women prefer bearded men over clean-shaven faces. They looked into several factors including a woman's disgust levels on various concepts, her desire to become pregnant, and her exposure to facial hair in her personal life. </p><p>According to the study, women who were not into facial hair were turned-off by potential parasites or other critters they imagined could be in the hair or skin. Women ranking high on this "ectoparasite disgust" scale might have viewed beards as a sign of poor grooming habits. However, women who ranked higher in levels of "pathogen" did find the bearded men to be desirable, possibly because they perceived beards as a signal of good health and immune function. An intriguing discovery in the study was links to morality. Women who displayed higher levels of "moral disgust," or feelings of repugnance toward taboo behaviors, were more likely to prefer hairy faces. The authors opined that this could reflect a link between beardedness, politically conservative outlooks, and traditional views regarding performances of masculinity in heterosexual relationships.</p>
Additional findings<img type="lazy-image" data-runner-src="https://assets.rebelmouse.io/eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpbWFnZSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vYXNzZXRzLnJibC5tcy8yMjU5OTg1My9vcmlnaW4uZ2lmIiwiZXhwaXJlc19hdCI6MTYyNDI1NjUyOX0.P9B8WbmJR0q4nfzYZKbuNSA-2SAigVWJgrQE-_Gxlds/img.gif?width=980" id="49143" class="rm-shortcode" data-rm-shortcode-id="2ed3b1d6f20fc170bf2974646e565e8d" data-rm-shortcode-name="rebelmouse-image" />Giphy<p>The correlations that existed between married and single women's rating on the attractiveness of beards were not particularly clear, although the researchers noted that single and married women who wanted children tended to find beards more attractive than the women who didn't want children. They also found that women with bearded husbands found beards to be more attractive, which might indicate that social exposure to beards influences how desirable they are perceived of as being. Or it could be that men with wives who like beards grow beards.</p><p>It's important to note that culture plays a huge role in how attractive women perceive certain male characteristics as being. This study looked at a small, culturally specific group of American women, so no big, universal claims should be made about masculinity, facial hair, and male desirability to women. However, research like this is important in highlighting how human grooming decisions are driven by much more than fashion trends. Sociobiological, economic, and ecological factors all play a part in the way we choose to present ourselves.</p>
Yet 80 percent of respondents want to reduce their risk of dementia.
- A new MDVIP/Ipsos survey found that only 35 percent of Americans know the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease.
- Eighty percent of respondents said they want to reduce their risks.
- An estimated 7.1 million Americans over the age of 65 will suffer from Alzheimer's by 2025.
Credit: logika600 / Shutterstock<p>Remaining healthy requires regular screenings. Here again we see a disassociation between risk reduction and proactivity. Seventy-seven percent of respondents don't talk to their doctors about lifestyle habits that support brain health; 51 percent have never been screened for depression; 44 percent have never had a neurological exam; and 32 percent have never been screened for hearing problems. </p><p>Common early warning signs of dementia, <a href="https://news.yahoo.com/americans-worry-alzheimers-disease-survey-140644803.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">according to</a> Dr. Jason Karlawish, co-director of the Penn Memory Center, include repetitive questions and stories, difficulties with complex daily tasks, and trouble with orientation. </p><p>In terms of intervention, <a href="https://bigthink.com/21st-century-spirituality/does-lack-of-exercise-lead-to-dementia" target="_self">exercise</a>, <a href="https://bigthink.com/surprising-science/obesity-dementia" target="_self">diet</a>, building a <a href="https://bigthink.com/mind-brain/brain-reserve" target="_self">brain reserve</a>, and challenging your brain (such as learning a new language or musical instrument) are all proven methods for staving off the ravages of Alzheimer's. Oxytocin has also <a href="https://bigthink.com/mind-brain/alzheimers-oxytocin" target="_self">showed promise</a> in brain-addled mice, while researchers found positive results for a <a href="https://bigthink.com/mind-brain/intermittent-fasting" target="_self">group of intermittent fasters</a> in promoting neurogenesis. </p><p>Epidemiologist Bryan James says that dementia is <a href="https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/04/15/176920391/how-exercise-and-other-activities-beat-back-dementia" target="_blank">not an inevitable result</a> of aging. </p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"It's simply not pre-destined for all human beings. Lots of people live into their 90s and even 100s with no symptoms of dementia." </p><p>Professor of neurology at Boston University School of Medicine, Andrew Budson, <a href="https://news.yahoo.com/americans-worry-alzheimers-disease-survey-140644803.html" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">recommends</a> aerobic exercise and the Mediterranean diet. As has long been known, whole grains, fruits and vegetables, fish and shellfish, and healthy fasts like nuts and olive oil seem to have brain-boosting properties. </p><p>To learn more, take the <a href="https://www.mdvip.com/brain-health-iq-quiz" target="_blank">Brain Health IQ quiz</a>.</p><p><span></span>--</p><p><em>Stay in touch with Derek on <a href="http://www.twitter.com/derekberes" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, <a href="https://www.facebook.com/DerekBeresdotcom" target="_blank">Facebook</a> and <a href="https://derekberes.substack.com/" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Substack</a>. His next book is</em> "<em>Hero's Dose: The Case For Psychedelics in Ritual and Therapy."</em></p>