Ronen Bergman on How the Iraq War Has Affected Israel
Question: How has the dynamic between Iran and Israel been affected by the Iraq War?
Ronen Bergman: I think the major change has been done in the United States’ public opinion. Being so deep in the quicksand of Iraq, I believe that the American public would be far less tolerable to any sort of military action, even a limited one, against Iran.
The US is facing two fronts, Afghanistan and Iraq, and I don’t see the American public very fond of a third one.
From the Israeli point of view, the only lesson that was learned by intelligence experts or intelligence officers, this deals with a secret report initiated by the committee for foreign affairs and security of the parliament, investigating how come Israel was part of the general view that Saddam Hussein held WMD. And when reading the classified reports, some of it recorded in [Bergman's book], “The Secret War with Iran,” you would think that, if it wasn’t so sad and gloomy, it could have been very funny.
There’s even one story there about information received by Israeli sources, titled “Not Reliable, or “Questionably Reliable,” and sent to the United States as the regular discourse and exchange of information from the United States to Germany, from Germany to French intelligence services, and then back to Israel--but without the identification of its origin. When it was received in Israel, it was seen as corroborated information and therefore tagged "Highly Reliable" and resent to the United States.
So, by these loop circles of information, something that was deemed unreliable becomes very reliable, and lead to the conclusion, that was false, that Saddam Hussein had WMD.
Recorded: Sep 19, 2008
Americans are less likely to support military intervention; Israelis wonder how this affects relations with Iran.
Explore how alcohol affects your brain, from the first sip at the bar to life-long drinking habits.
- Alcohol is the world's most popular drug and has been a part of human culture for at least 9,000 years.
- Alcohol's effects on the brain range from temporarily limiting mental activity to sustained brain damage, depending on levels consumed and frequency of use.
- Understanding how alcohol affects your brain can help you determine what drinking habits are best for you.
If you want to know what makes a Canadian lynx a Canadian lynx a team of DNA sequencers has figured that out.
- A team at UMass Amherst recently sequenced the genome of the Canadian lynx.
- It's part of a project intending to sequence the genome of every vertebrate in the world.
- Conservationists interested in the Canadian lynx have a new tool to work with.
If you want to know what makes a Canadian lynx a Canadian lynx, I can now—as of this month—point you directly to the DNA of a Canadian lynx, and say, "That's what makes a lynx a lynx." The genome was sequenced by a team at UMass Amherst, and it's one of 15 animals whose genomes have been sequenced by the Vertebrate Genomes Project, whose stated goal is to sequence the genome of all 66,000 vertebrate species in the world.
Sequencing the genome of a particular species of an animal is important in terms of preserving genetic diversity. Future generations don't necessarily have to worry about our memory of the Canadian Lynx warping the way hearsay warped perception a long time ago.
Artwork: Guillaume le Clerc / Wikimedia Commons
13th-century fantastical depiction of an elephant.
It is easy to see how one can look at 66,000 genomic sequences stored away as being the analogous equivalent of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. It is a potential tool for future conservationists.
But what are the practicalities of sequencing the genome of a lynx beyond engaging with broad bioethical questions? As the animal's habitat shrinks and Earth warms, the Canadian lynx is demonstrating less genetic diversity. Cross-breeding with bobcats in some portions of the lynx's habitat also represents a challenge to the lynx's genetic makeup. The two themselves are also linked: warming climates could drive Canadian lynxes to cross-breed with bobcats.
John Organ, chief of the U.S. Geological Survey's Cooperative Fish and Wildlife units, said to MassLive that the results of the sequencing "can help us look at land conservation strategies to help maintain lynx on the landscape."
What does DNA have to do with land conservation strategies? Consider the fact that the food found in a landscape, the toxins found in a landscape, or the exposure to drugs can have an impact on genetic activity. That potential change can be transmitted down the generative line. If you know exactly how a lynx's DNA is impacted by something, then the environment they occupy can be fine-tuned to meet the needs of the lynx and any other creature that happens to inhabit that particular portion of the earth.
Given that the Trump administration is considering withdrawing protection for the Canadian lynx, a move that caught scientists by surprise, it is worth having as much information on hand as possible for those who have an interest in preserving the health of this creature—all the way down to the building blocks of a lynx's life.
The exploding popularity of the keto diet puts a less used veggie into the spotlight.
- The cauliflower is a vegetable of choice if you're on the keto diet.
- The plant is low in carbs and can replace potatoes, rice and pasta.
- It can be eaten both raw and cooked for different benefits.
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