Reversing the Good-To-Be-Fat Paradigm
Tanya Steel is a well-known food writer and Editor-in-Chief of the award-winning food Web site, Epicurious.com. Before joining Epicurious, Steel was the New York Editor of Bon Appetit magazine, where she wrote columns and features. Ms. Steel won the prestigious James Beard Foundation Journalism Award for Magazine Restaurant Review or Critique, 2003. She is a member of the American Society of Magazine Editors and a James Beard Restaurant Judge. Prior to Bon Appétit, she was an editor at Diversion, Food & Wine, and Mademoiselle magazines. In recent years, Steel created the charity program Wine. Dine. Donate. to combat hunger in conjunction with America's Second Harvest. Steel is the co-author of Real Food for Healthy Kids, which was published in late 2008.
Tanya Steel: It is very interesting the way that particularly in Western cultures being fat was seen as being healthy and rich. And in fact in China we’re still having that issue. The single children . . . The singletons are being raised, and they’re being kind of stuffed with food all the time by their well-intentioned grandmothers and mothers. And yet in this country we are seeing the exact opposite, where girls are starving themselves to death and there’s kind of competitive starving going on. And that is just so horrific to me as a mom. I do think that there’s gonna be a . . . I think and I pray there’s gonna be a shift in thinking; that one thing I do stress to my children and in my (49:06) cookbook is that it’s very important to be healthy and strong. You’re not striving to be thin. You’re not striving to lose weight. You are striving to be as health and strong as you can . . . can be. So I’m hoping that people like Gabrielle Reese, who is this professional volleyball player, embodies kind of the healthy, strong womanhood who is beautiful and sexy, and yet is not particularly skinny. She’s just . . . she’s strong. I’m hoping that that’s gonna really come back, and that women in particular and teenage girls will see that that’s really important, and that it’s . . . We don’t want to look like skeletons. Chanel . . . Coco Chanel kind of led us down this path of looking, you know . . . tanning ourselves and being as thin as you possible could in the ‘20s and ‘30s. And I think we’ve kind of really gone off on the deep end, and it’s a disaster for a percentage of the female population. That said, we have this other trend in America where a third of us are obese, and an alarming trend with children where 25 million children in this country are either overweight or obese. So there’s a strange dichotomy going on in this country, and it’s very hard to tell people or help people learn how to eat healthfully. I think people talk a good game, but they don’t actually eat that way. So it’s really crucial that they learn moderation. For me that’s by far the most important philosophy that anyone can follow, is the philosophy of moderation. Enjoy your greens, have a piece of cake when you want it, but don’t just eat processed food and kind of high fat stuff all the time. So it’s always kind of trying to balance.
Recorded on: 1/27/08
Steel hopes that girls will look to healthier role models.
The Spilhaus Projection may be more than 75 years old, but it has never been more relevant than today.
- Athelstan Spilhaus designed an oceanic thermometer to fight the Nazis, and the weather balloon that got mistaken for a UFO in Roswell.
- In 1942, he produced a world map with a unique perspective, presenting the world's oceans as one body of water.
- The Spilhaus Projection could be just what the oceans need to get the attention their problems deserve.
It's just the current cycle that involves opiates, but methamphetamine, cocaine, and others have caused the trajectory of overdoses to head the same direction
- It appears that overdoses are increasing exponentially, no matter the drug itself
- If the study bears out, it means that even reducing opiates will not slow the trajectory.
- The causes of these trends remain obscure, but near the end of the write-up about the study, a hint might be apparent
Through computationally intensive computer simulations, researchers have discovered that "nuclear pasta," found in the crusts of neutron stars, is the strongest material in the universe.
- The strongest material in the universe may be the whimsically named "nuclear pasta."
- You can find this substance in the crust of neutron stars.
- This amazing material is super-dense, and is 10 billion times harder to break than steel.
Superman is known as the "Man of Steel" for his strength and indestructibility. But the discovery of a new material that's 10 billion times harder to break than steel begs the question—is it time for a new superhero known as "Nuclear Pasta"? That's the name of the substance that a team of researchers thinks is the strongest known material in the universe.
Unlike humans, when stars reach a certain age, they do not just wither and die, but they explode, collapsing into a mass of neurons. The resulting space entity, known as a neutron star, is incredibly dense. So much so that previous research showed that the surface of a such a star would feature amazingly strong material. The new research, which involved the largest-ever computer simulations of a neutron star's crust, proposes that "nuclear pasta," the material just under the surface, is actually stronger.
The competition between forces from protons and neutrons inside a neutron star create super-dense shapes that look like long cylinders or flat planes, referred to as "spaghetti" and "lasagna," respectively. That's also where we get the overall name of nuclear pasta.
Caplan & Horowitz/arXiv
Diagrams illustrating the different types of so-called nuclear pasta.
The researchers' computer simulations needed 2 million hours of processor time before completion, which would be, according to a press release from McGill University, "the equivalent of 250 years on a laptop with a single good GPU." Fortunately, the researchers had access to a supercomputer, although it still took a couple of years. The scientists' simulations consisted of stretching and deforming the nuclear pasta to see how it behaved and what it would take to break it.
While they were able to discover just how strong nuclear pasta seems to be, no one is holding their breath that we'll be sending out missions to mine this substance any time soon. Instead, the discovery has other significant applications.
One of the study's co-authors, Matthew Caplan, a postdoctoral research fellow at McGill University, said the neutron stars would be "a hundred trillion times denser than anything on earth." Understanding what's inside them would be valuable for astronomers because now only the outer layer of such starts can be observed.
"A lot of interesting physics is going on here under extreme conditions and so understanding the physical properties of a neutron star is a way for scientists to test their theories and models," Caplan added. "With this result, many problems need to be revisited. How large a mountain can you build on a neutron star before the crust breaks and it collapses? What will it look like? And most importantly, how can astronomers observe it?"
Another possibility worth studying is that, due to its instability, nuclear pasta might generate gravitational waves. It may be possible to observe them at some point here on Earth by utilizing very sensitive equipment.
The team of scientists also included A. S. Schneider from California Institute of Technology and C. J. Horowitz from Indiana University.
Check out the study "The elasticity of nuclear pasta," published in Physical Review Letters.
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