from the world's big
Rails 3 Is Coming!
David Heinemeier Hansson is a Danish programmer and the creator of the Ruby on Rails open source web development framework. He is also a partner with Jason Fried at the web-based software development firm 37signals. In 2005 he was given with the Hacker of the Year by Google and O'Reilly award for his creation of Ruby on Rails. He and Fried have also co-authored the New York Times bestseller "Rework," which reveals their secrets for boosting business productivity in the Internet age.
Question: Last year, you merged the Rails and Merb teams. What has that process been like?
David Heinemeier Hansson: So, I think the merge of the Rails and Merb teams have gone exceedingly well considering what led up to that. What lead up to that was a fair amount of petty and fighting, to be honest. Potshots at crossbow from one camp to another, and it was just bad. And it was useless. What we're here for is moving, sort of, in some ways, the state of the art forward. Why waste time on these petty concerns?
So, I think after the merge we realized that most of those petty squabbles were really just that; they weren't deep philosophical differences. We actually wanted the same things. We were perhaps speaking slightly different languages to each other, and misunderstandings and all the other stuff that goes on when you have sort of two camps working against roughly the same goal... But what we realized was that once it got down to the code, once it got down to the decisions that were really concrete about “How should this work?”—we were in agreement. There was no big philosophical battles back and forth. Once it got down to code we just all magically agreed.
I think that that has worked really well, and I'm incredibly proud of the product that's coming out of that, which is Rails 3, which we're just on the verge of releasing. It's been sort of a long walk to get there, but that's fine. Rails 2, as it is today, works great. There is no immediate rush to get to Rails 3, and now that we're almost here it seems... yeah, it was worth the wait.
Question: When will Rails 3 come out?
David Heinemeier Hansson: Sure. So, we're incredibly close to releasing the final version of Rails 3. Actually, right now we have sort of an internal target that's this week for the release candidate, and then however long it takes after that to get the final version out. But there's already plenty of people who are using Rails 3 in production. At 37signals we have at least a handful of applications that are already running the development version of Rails 3, so we're essentially there. We're dotting the i's and crossing the t's and just making sure that everything is really nice exactly because there is not that... there's not an external push or rush on us. There's no trade show that we have to make, there's no big revenue coming in when we actually release it. It's just mostly for pleasing ourselves, so it just has to be good, and we'll wait until it is, but it looks like we're finally there.
Question: What’s your take on Microsoft’s web platform versus Rails?
David Heinemeier Hansson: So, it's actually been a very long time since I've played around with Microsoft's web offerings myself. I did some ASP back in the late 90's, and then I've been sort of paying attention to C-Sharp and what my fellow Danish countrymen, Annis, Heims, and Burke, have been doing over at Microsoft, and there's definitely some good stuff from their perspective. From that perspective of developing a programming language, and a framework, and the tooling, it's pretty good. It just happens to be that I don't share that perspective.
I don't believe that programming languages need to rely on heavy tooling in the sense that Microsoft does with Visual Studio. I believe that program languages and frameworks should be incredibly pleasurable to write if you have nothing but a text editor. To me it's sort of a crutch when you have to rely on tooling on top. It reveals to me that the underlying language and platform is not succinct enough, it's not expressive enough. So there's just a difference of philosophy there. There's pros and cons, though. There's absolutely pros to the heavy IDE, Visual Studio, assistance, and completion, and all that stuff. It's not that either is completely bad, and the other is completely good. It's just that I enjoy much more that simple, closer to the metal so to speak, approach that we've been taking with Ruby in Raills.
So, it's also funny, though, to see them take inspiration. They've launched an NBC framework for their platform that is heavily inspired—let's say that—from a lot of the ideas that we've had fun with in the Rails camp, and that's great to see. It's great that we can all share ideas. We're all standing on the shoulders of giants, and ideas should move around. I don't think it's anywhere close, still don't. I mean, they've borrowed some good ideas, and that's great, but we still have an incredibly different approach to things. So, if you like the Rails approach to things, I don't think you're gonna be satisfied with the Microsoft expression of that, but that's fine. We don't all have to be the same. Not all programming languages have to be constructed the same. In fact, it would be boring if they were. So the world is a pretty big place. There's plenty of room for many approaches.
Recorded July 22, 2010
Interviewed by Peter Hopkins
Hansson merged Rails and Merb last year, and, despite initial "squabbles," the fruits of their cooperation—Rails 3—is on the verge of release.
Sallie Krawcheck and Bob Kulhan will be talking money, jobs, and how the pandemic will disproportionally affect women's finances.
Health officials in China reported that a man was infected with bubonic plague, the infectious disease that caused the Black Death.
- The case was reported in the city of Bayannur, which has issued a level-three plague prevention warning.
- Modern antibiotics can effectively treat bubonic plague, which spreads mainly by fleas.
- Chinese health officials are also monitoring a newly discovered type of swine flu that has the potential to develop into a pandemic virus.
Bacteria under microscope
needpix.com<p>Today, bubonic plague can be treated effectively with antibiotics.</p><p style="margin-left: 20px;">"Unlike in the 14th century, we now have an understanding of how this disease is transmitted," Dr. Shanthi Kappagoda, an infectious disease physician at Stanford Health Care, told <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">Healthline</a>. "We know how to prevent it — avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where there is transmission. We are also able to treat patients who are infected with effective antibiotics, and can give antibiotics to people who may have been exposed to the bacteria [and] prevent them [from] getting sick."</p>
This plague patient is displaying a swollen, ruptured inguinal lymph node, or buboe.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention<p>Still, hundreds of people develop bubonic plague every year. In the U.S., a handful of cases occur annually, particularly in New Mexico, Arizona and Colorado, <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/plague/faq/index.html" target="_blank">where habitats allow the bacteria to spread more easily among wild rodent populations</a>. But these cases are very rare, mainly because you need to be in close contact with rodents in order to get infected. And though plague can spread from human to human, this <a href="https://www.healthline.com/health-news/seriously-dont-worry-about-the-plague#Heres-how-the-plague-spreads" target="_blank">only occurs with pneumonic plague</a>, and transmission is also rare.</p>
A new swine flu in China<p>Last week, researchers in China also reported another public health concern: a new virus that has "all the essential hallmarks" of a pandemic virus.<br></p><p>In a paper published in the <a href="https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/06/23/1921186117" target="_blank">Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences</a>, researchers say the virus was discovered in pigs in China, and it descended from the H1N1 virus, commonly called "swine flu." That virus was able to transmit from human to human, and it killed an estimated 151,700 to 575,400 people worldwide from 2009 to 2010, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.</p>There's no evidence showing that the new virus can spread from person to person. But the researchers did find that 10 percent of swine workers had been infected by the virus, called G4 reassortant EA H1N1. This level of infectivity raises concerns, because it "greatly enhances the opportunity for virus adaptation in humans and raises concerns for the possible generation of pandemic viruses," the researchers wrote.
The word "learning" opens up space for more people, places, and ideas.
- The terms 'education' and 'learning' are often used interchangeably, but there is a cultural connotation to the former that can be limiting. Education naturally links to schooling, which is only one form of learning.
- Gregg Behr, founder and co-chair of Remake Learning, believes that this small word shift opens up the possibilities in terms of how and where learning can happen. It also becomes a more inclusive practice, welcoming in a larger, more diverse group of thinkers.
- Post-COVID, the way we think about what learning looks like will inevitably change, so it's crucial to adjust and begin building the necessary support systems today.
Scientists uncovered the secrets of what drove some of the world's last remaining woolly mammoths to extinction.
Every summer, children on the Alaskan island of St Paul cool down in Lake Hill, a crater lake in an extinct volcano – unaware of the mysteries that lie beneath.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought out the perception of selfishness among many.
- Selfish behavior has been analyzed by philosophers and psychologists for centuries.
- New research shows people may be wired for altruistic behavior and get more benefits from it.
- Times of crisis tend to increase self-centered acts.