Parts of Me Ooze in All Directions
Michio Kaku is a futurist, popularizer of science, and theoretical physicist, as well as a bestselling author and the host of two radio programs. He is the co-founder of string field theory (a branch of string theory), and continues Einstein’s search to unite the four fundamental forces of nature into one unified theory. He holds the Henry Semat Chair and Professorship in theoretical physics and a joint appointment at City College of New York and the Graduate Center of C.U.N.Y. He is also a visiting professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society.
Kaku launched his Big Think blog, "Dr. Kaku's Universe," in March 2010.
Question: Could one crank up the vibrational frequency of their body to a higher dimension, move around in that dimension, and then crank the frequency back down somewhere else? (Submitted by Brad Wade Johnson)
Michio Kaku: Well, Brad, you touched upon the very heart of the quantum theory. In Newton’s theory, the theory proposed 300 years ago a dot represents matter and it’s just a dot. That’s all it is. These dots can reform, collide with each other, obey certain equations, but they don’t vibrate. Then in 1925 along came quantum mechanics which says that these dots of matter—the electron, the proton—are not really dots at all. In some sense they’re waves, waves of vibration, things are waving. And this means that our bodies are actually waving as well. This is the basis of wave mechanics, the fact that particles have wave-like properties.
Then the embarrassing question is what is waving? What is it that is waving? The answer is— and you’re not going to like this—the answer is that what is waving is the probability of finding that particle at a given point.
So let’s now summarize it in one sentence: According to the quantum theory matter is made out of dots, but the probability of finding the dot at any given point in space and time is given by a wave. Now then you raise a question: What happens if you change the vibrations of these waves? Can you then drift into other universes? Can you then drift into other planes of existence? And at the atomic scale, the answer is yes. It turns out that waves can split at certain key junctures, like an ocean wave can hit a barrier and then we have two ocean waves. So it is possible that quantum events can actually split universes apart separated by probability, a 50% probability of this happening or that happening.
So let’s take, for example, Hitler’s mother. Let’s say a cosmic ray went through Hitler’s mother. A cosmic ray is a quantum event. There is let’s say a 50/50 chance that Hitler’s mother will then have an abortion—I mean have a spontaneous abortion, a miscarriage—and a 50% probability that she won’t have a spontaneous abortion, that she will have a full term child, Adolf Hitler. So we now have the fact that because everything vibrates two universes have now separated and one universe has no World War II; all of the sudden 60 million people didn’t have to die. While the other universe is our universe. Now this sounds like science fiction, right? The only difference between this and science fiction is that the scenario I have given you comes from modern physics. This is the basis of our industrial, present-day industrial revolution. Think of transistors. Think of GPS, the Internet, television, radio, all the wonders of modern technology. They’re all based on the idea that electrons are waves, and these waves in turn are waves of probability. And probability can bifurcate, can fission and universes can then emerge from other universes.
So when I look at myself in a mirror, well most people would say I see me in the mirror. Well I don’t look at it that way. First of all, when I look at myself in a mirror I say to myself I’m looking at myself as I was a billionth of a second ago because that is the time it takes for light to go from my face to the mirror and back. I’m not really looking at me at all. I’m looking at me as I was a billionth of a second ago in the past. Second of all, I’m not really well defined. I’m really a mixture, a mixture of different kinds of waves. Now these waves really do look like me. If I were to get graph paper and graph these waves by golly they really do look like me, except for one crucial difference: parts of the wave ooze off. It’s a wave, it oozes off to Mars, to Jupiter, to outer space. Parts of me ooze in all directions, so there is a finite probability that I will go to bed tonight and wake up on Mars tomorrow. Now of course it’s a very small probability. I can calculate it. I would have to wait longer than the lifetime of the universe for that to happen, so chances are I’m not going to wind up on Mars tomorrow. However, it is possible and I can even calculate the probability that I will wake up on Mars tomorrow.
So anyway to answer your question: A, everything is vibrating, B, these vibrations are vibrations of probability, C, universes do separate. Universes do separate and do all sorts of crazy things, but in the main they average out, so when I look at myself in the mirror on average that is me, but that is only an average. Part of me is on Mars today and part of you is also on Mars, believe it or not.
Recorded September 29, 2010
Interviewed by Paul Hoffman
Because of the wave nature of matter, there is a finite possibility—albeit a minuscule one—that you could go to bed on Earth and wake up the next morning on Mars.
Explore how alcohol affects your brain, from the first sip at the bar to life-long drinking habits.
- Alcohol is the world's most popular drug and has been a part of human culture for at least 9,000 years.
- Alcohol's effects on the brain range from temporarily limiting mental activity to sustained brain damage, depending on levels consumed and frequency of use.
- Understanding how alcohol affects your brain can help you determine what drinking habits are best for you.
If you want to know what makes a Canadian lynx a Canadian lynx a team of DNA sequencers has figured that out.
- A team at UMass Amherst recently sequenced the genome of the Canadian lynx.
- It's part of a project intending to sequence the genome of every vertebrate in the world.
- Conservationists interested in the Canadian lynx have a new tool to work with.
If you want to know what makes a Canadian lynx a Canadian lynx, I can now—as of this month—point you directly to the DNA of a Canadian lynx, and say, "That's what makes a lynx a lynx." The genome was sequenced by a team at UMass Amherst, and it's one of 15 animals whose genomes have been sequenced by the Vertebrate Genomes Project, whose stated goal is to sequence the genome of all 66,000 vertebrate species in the world.
Sequencing the genome of a particular species of an animal is important in terms of preserving genetic diversity. Future generations don't necessarily have to worry about our memory of the Canadian Lynx warping the way hearsay warped perception a long time ago.
Artwork: Guillaume le Clerc / Wikimedia Commons
13th-century fantastical depiction of an elephant.
It is easy to see how one can look at 66,000 genomic sequences stored away as being the analogous equivalent of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. It is a potential tool for future conservationists.
But what are the practicalities of sequencing the genome of a lynx beyond engaging with broad bioethical questions? As the animal's habitat shrinks and Earth warms, the Canadian lynx is demonstrating less genetic diversity. Cross-breeding with bobcats in some portions of the lynx's habitat also represents a challenge to the lynx's genetic makeup. The two themselves are also linked: warming climates could drive Canadian lynxes to cross-breed with bobcats.
John Organ, chief of the U.S. Geological Survey's Cooperative Fish and Wildlife units, said to MassLive that the results of the sequencing "can help us look at land conservation strategies to help maintain lynx on the landscape."
What does DNA have to do with land conservation strategies? Consider the fact that the food found in a landscape, the toxins found in a landscape, or the exposure to drugs can have an impact on genetic activity. That potential change can be transmitted down the generative line. If you know exactly how a lynx's DNA is impacted by something, then the environment they occupy can be fine-tuned to meet the needs of the lynx and any other creature that happens to inhabit that particular portion of the earth.
Given that the Trump administration is considering withdrawing protection for the Canadian lynx, a move that caught scientists by surprise, it is worth having as much information on hand as possible for those who have an interest in preserving the health of this creature—all the way down to the building blocks of a lynx's life.
The exploding popularity of the keto diet puts a less used veggie into the spotlight.
- The cauliflower is a vegetable of choice if you're on the keto diet.
- The plant is low in carbs and can replace potatoes, rice and pasta.
- It can be eaten both raw and cooked for different benefits.
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